IMPERIALISM IN INDIA ! - History With Mr. Green

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Transcript IMPERIALISM IN INDIA ! - History With Mr. Green

By: Liz, Connor, and Drew
Motivation for Imperialism
• India had a lot of natural
resources, such as tea,
indigo, coffee, cotton, jute,
and opium.
• India supplied a lot of raw
materials for the factories.
• There were a lot of people
in India, 300 million, that
would buy British products.
How Britain Gained Control of India
• In 1757, Robert Clive led
East India Company
troops in a decisive victory
over India, called the
Battle of Plassey.
• When revolts and
outbreaks started
happening, the British
government decided that
they can’t have anymore
outbreaks, so the rule of
India was put directly
under the British Crown.
Extent of Control
• Britain governed
directly or indirectly
an area that included
modern Bangladesh,
most of southern
India, and nearly all
the territory along the
Ganges River in the
Effects of Imperialism
• When the British colonized India
they built 40,000 miles of railroad
and 70,000 miles of paved
• Had a jump in agriculture,
through large scale irrigation
• The English also built many
institutions in India and setup a
productive government
• Britain also linked India to the
modern world through modern
science and modern thought.
Effects of Imperialism
Even though it was a good thing that
England setup a government in India
they turned it into a burden because
they did not let any natives into the
important positions.
They broke up traditional industries,
and a lot of unemployment occurred.
Modernized India by putting in
telegraph and telephone lines, dams,
bridges, and irrigation canals.
Improved educational and literacy.
British troops cleared central India of
bandits and local warfare.
How the Imperial Power Was
• Two nationalist groups, the
Indian National Congress
and the Muslim League,
were formed.
• Mahatma Gandhi led
millions of people in national
campaigns of non-violent
civil disobedience.
• On August 15, 1947, India
gained independence from
British rule
Current Status of India
• Struggling with Islamic terrorism
• Women have same rights as men
• It is predicted, by Goldman Sachs, that
India’s GDP in current prices will
overtake France and Italy by 2020, and
by 2035 it was projected to be the third
largest economy of the world.
• It is also said that India’s economy will
surpass the United States (in US$) by
• At the federal level, India is the most
populous democracy in the world.
• India maintains the third largest military
force in the world.