Imperialism in India and SE Asia

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Transcript Imperialism in India and SE Asia

Warm Up…..
From Ch. 24, Sec. 3, p. 723: Read the text and answer the following…
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1. What was the Crimean War?
2. What were the Balkan Wars?
3. Who were the Young Turks?
4. Who was Florence Nightingale?
Imperialism…..
Interpret the political
cartoon.
1. What does it look like
England is doing?
2. What do you think
about this?
3. Why do you think
England is able to do
this?
Old and New Imperialism
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Imperialism – extension of a nation’s
power over other lands
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Old – European nations set up posts in
Africa/Asia to control trade
New – European nations controlled large
areas of land in Africa/Asia
Old Imperialism
New Imperialism
Reasons for Imperial Control
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Raw goods from colonies to European countries;
finished products back to colonial markets
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European competition; especially between France and
Britain
“White Man’s Burden” – idea that white race
superior race, has a duty/moral responsibility to
“help” other races become civilized
Direct rule – European rulers from European
country
Indirect Rule –local rulers kept power,
recognized European country
British in India
Ch. 25, Section 1
• Read about The British East India Company
and then India under the British Raj.
• Create a chart comparing 5 differences in
India under both.
British East India Company
India under British Raj
India – Sepoy Mutiny, 1857
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Sepoys- Indian
soldiers hired by
British
Revolted-
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tired of being treated
like second class
citizens
religious frustrations
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Ammunition casings
greased with pork and
beef (neither Muslim
nor Hindu eats)
Costs/Benefits of British Rule in India
• Costs:
– schools only for elite
– British manufactured
goods destroyed local
industry
– farmers encouraged to
grow cotton not food; not
enough food to feed the
population (1800-1900
30 million died)
– Indians viewed as lesser
people, their culture not
respected
• Benefits:
– brought political and
social stability
– brought honest and
efficient gov’t
– set up schools
– introduced trains, postal
service, telegraph
British wanted jute- fibrous plant,
can be woven for multi-purposes
(from Indian along with cotton,
indigo and tea)
Indian Nationalism
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Indian Nationalism –
Indian National
Congress and Muslim
League called for share
in gov’t
Mohandas Gandhi nonviolent resistance,
eventually led to
independence
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South Africa and India
Women and
untouchables
King George V & Queen Mary of England, in India- 1911
1922-British Prince Edward of Wales with
the female ruler Sultan Jahan of Bhopal, India
Classwork
Create notecards
OR a foldable (see Mrs. V’s example)
on the 10 items listed to the right, from
Ch. 25, Sec. 2 on Imperialism within
Southeast Asia.
– Side 1: term and visual
– Side 2: definition
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• Key concepts/ideas:
– European Imperialism
– Difference in how China and Japan respond to
European Imperialism
– Causes of major Eastern Asian issues in
1900’s (hello, Vietnam War)
– Further weakens Russia/ Russian confidence in
leadership of czar
Title: East Asia and the West
Items:
1. Opium Wars
2. Taiping Rebellion
3. Boxer Rebellion
4. 1911 Revolution
5. Treaty of Kanagawa
6. Meiji Restoration
7. Meiji Reforms
8. Sino-Japanese War
9. Russo-Japanese War
10.Treaty of Saigon
Imperialism in ___________…..
Published in 1898, France:
“En Chine, le gateau des Rois at des Empereurs”
1. The people depicted in the cartoon
represent what European
countries? How can you tell?
2. What is the tone of this cartoon?
3. What are the people (and thus the
countries) fighting over?
Western Imperialism seen through Colonization of the East
Primary Source Handout
1. Read the article within your group and answer the questions in your notes.
“The Living conditions of Japanese Industrial Workers during the Meiji Period”
2. Be prepared to discuss!
Published: August 1900- (after foreign troops entered Beijing), depicting the Boxer Rebellion and the Imperial powers
fighting the Chinese (notice- the American eagle is just watching from afar as we claimed we were not an imperial power).