Три индустриальные революции

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Transcript Три индустриальные революции

Colloque International
21-22 Janvier 2002, Paris
Movement to e-Government in Russia:
problems and prospects
Andrei Yakovlev,
State University - Higher School of Economics,
[email protected]
General logic of presentation
• ICT-policy in 1990s: some results
• the key problems of previous ICT-policy
• e-Russia program and the Strategy for
Russia 2010
• Goals and main components of e-Russia
• Main parameters of the program (time
period, financing, governance)
Russian ICT-policy in late 1990s
Only at federal level:
Very briefly:
…a lot of
initiated by
Ministry of Taxation,
State pension fund,
Ministry of finance,
Russian custom office,
Russian statistical agency,
Federal commission on
securities market
et cetera…
Key problems of previous policy
• Absence of co-ordination in the government
(example: we have already two different national
systems of personal identification - for tax purposes
and for social security payments)
• e-Government for government itself
(only in case of Securities commission citizens got some
benefits - as information disclosure on the biggest
joint-stock companies)
2000-2001: Start of new economic policy
• Development of “Strategy for Russia 2010”
Jan.-Feb. 2000:
Mai 2000:
Sept.-Oct. 2000:
first discussions and workshops
first draft of the Strategy
Strategy was approved by the
Government and President
• Development of e-Russia program
Feb. 2001:
Mai 2001:
July 2001:
governmental decree starting the
program’s elaboration
first draft of the program
approval by the Government
e-Russia goals & components
increase of economic efficiency
Legal basis for ICT development
ICT penetration to the economy
Human resources development
Access to Internet
e-Government for the government
e-Government for the citizens
Using ICT in mass media
development of the civil society
Main parameters of the program
• Terms of implementation: 2002-2010
– 2002: Create supportive regulatory environment
– 2003-2004: Conduct feasibility studies and pilot
– 2005-2010: Implement program throughout all federal
and regional public organizations
• Budget & Financing:
total spending amount for 2002-2010 = USD 2,6 billion
federal budget = USD 1,3 billion
regional and municipal budgets = USD 0,8 billion
extra-budget sources = USD 0,5 billion
Program management
• Inter-agency governmental commission lead by
Minister of economic development and trade
– Control over program spending
– Co-ordination between different ICT-programs
• Expert council
– Provides recommendations for Inter-agency commission
– Reviews program actions
– Measures program’s efficiency
• Program directorate lead by Ministry of
telecommunications and informatization
– Annual budget planning
– Logistics, tenders and procurement