Infusing Creativity Short

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Transcript Infusing Creativity Short

Bonnie Cramond, Ph.D.
Department of Educational Psychology
Torrance Center for Creativity and
Talent Development
University of Georgia
Creativity
is the
generation
of novel,
useful ideas.
According to Torrance,
“When a person has no learned
or practiced solution to a
problem, some degree of
creativity is required”
Four Components of Creativity*
Press
or
Person
Place
Product
Process
*Rhodes
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1. Create an Environment
Conducive to Creativity (Press)
• psychologically safe
• intrinsic rewards
• opportunities to learn about interests
• pursue them with some autonomy
• balance of stimulation and quiet time
• challenges are matched to the abilities of
the learners.
5
Ekvall’s Innovative Environment
RESOURCES
1. Idea Time
2. Idea Support
3. Challenge and Involvement
PERSONAL MOTIVATION
1. Trust and Openness
2. Playfulness and Humor
3. Absence of Interpersonal Conflicts
EXPLORATION
1. Risk-Taking
2. Debates About the Issues
3. Freedom
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2. Recognize and understand
the creative person
Emotional
•Openness
•Curiosity
•Risk taking-Type T
(Farley)
•Strong self
concept
•Persistence
•Courage
Intellectual
Physical
•Problem
solving
•Fluency
•Flexibility
•Originality
•Elaboration
•Abstractness
of Thought
•Transfer
•Perfect Pitch
or other keen
sense
•Eye hand
coordination
•Visual memory
•High energy
•Body type
•Looks
•Size
7
The very qualities that cause
creative individuals to have
problems
Hyperactivity?
8
may also facilitate their creative
accomplishments
High Energy?
9
Creative People
have many characteristics that
can be viewed as positive or
negative





Original or bizarre?
Independent or stubborn?
High energy or hyperactive?
Spontaneous or impulsive?
Emotionally sensitive or emotionally unstable?
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3. Teach Students About the
Process and Strategies
• preparation, incubation, illumination,
verification
Wallas
11
Incubation requires relaxation
12
For Illumination to Occur
300 milliseconds before person
communicates answer
EEG shows a burst of gamma
activity
fMRI shows activation of
the superior temporal gyrus
on the right hemisphere
13
4. Learn to Evaluate Creative
Products
Besemer & O’Quin: Creative Product Analysis
Matrix
• Novelty
• Surprising
• Originality
• Resolution
•
•
•
•
Logicalness
Usefulness
Value
Understandability
• Elaboration and
Synthesis
• Organic qualities
• Well-craftedness
• Elegance
Cramond UGA
Reis & Renzulli: Student Product
Assessment Form
15
Some Programs and
Competitions
• Future Problem Solving
http://www.fpsp.org/
• Odyssey of the Mind
http://www.odysseyofthemind.com
• Invent America
http://www.inventamerica.com
• Destination Imagination
http://www.destinationimagination.org
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Warmup—Spin a Yarn
• One member of the group picks up
the ball of yarn and begins a story.
Keep telling the story until you get
to the knot.
• Pass it on.
• Repeat until everyone has had a
turn. If you get to the end of the
yarn before everyone has had a turn,
start again.
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