Transcript Unit 3 Housing and Interior Design
◦ Single Family Home are free standing, they don’t share walls with another unit, may be one story or many, and offer housing to a single family.
◦ Multiple-family Housing Duplex--one building that contains two separate units.
Multiplex--is similar to a duplex, but three or more units share one building
Townhouse--homes built in rows and attached to one another at the side walls
Apartments--this term covers any structure that has rental units for more than 2 families
Condominium--individually owned units in a multiple-family dwelling. The owner pays a fee to cover maintaining hallways, landscaping, and other common areas.
Cooperative--less common form of ownership. Residents of a multiple-family dwelling form an organization that owns the building that owns the building. Members must buy shares in the building in order to have a living unit in the building. New members must be voted on before buying shares are allowed.
Mobile Home (manufactured housing)--are movable dwellings. Mobile homes are built and assembled at a factory and moved to its location.
Location Proximity to schools, shopping, church, parks and recreation Condition of neighborhood Affordability ◦ ◦ Does it meet the needs of the family: Appropriate size handicap accessible
Rent ◦ pay a monthly fee ◦ ◦ ◦ pay utilities no up keep no tax break on loan ◦ ◦ ◦ Buy ◦ pride in ownership ◦ monthly payment tax break on interest paid on mortgage equity up keep
Personal space--place in the home where a person can go for privacy Family space--place in the home that is shared by all that live there
◦ ◦ ◦ Personal space to meet personal needs sleeping, dressing, reading, crafts, entertaining Arrangement of personal space in areas shared with another person ◦ create ways to dived the space Organization of storage space eliminate clutter use unused space for storage
create definite areas for certain activities
arrange furniture in a convenient and functional groupings
consider traffic patterns
leave space between furniture so it can be used comfortably
have items needed in each area of personal space
choice of accessories reflects personal taste ways to display collections
COLOR LINE FORM/SHAPE TEXTURE SPACE
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Color: gives great life and beauty to room expresses the personality of entire family set the mood of a room seem warmer or cooler change the apparent size and shape of a room tie other design elements together disguise architectural flaws creates a center of interest
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Line--provides a sense of direction because they cause your eye to move side to side or up and down.
Vertical lines--point to the sky Horizontal lines--relaxation, informality Diagonal lines--activity, movement Curved lines--activity or relaxation, depending on the degree to which they are curved.
◦ Form or Shape--make up the object’s shape, the shape becomes three-dimensional, it gains depth and is known as form Form is best determined by how it will be used, otherwise known as its “function”
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Texture--refers to the way a surface feels when you touch it and to the way you expect a surfaceto feel when you see it.
Shiny brighter and lighter Smooth Dull Rough uneven surfaces absorb light and make a room seem smaller
◦ Space--refers to the three-dimensional area to be designed such as the room itself Space can make a room seem quite different depending on how it’s used cozy verses crowded
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ When used together in design, the elements of color, line, form, and texture make sense only when certain principles of design are applied to them. They are: Proportion Balance Emphasis Rhythm Harmony
◦ ◦ Proportion--the way one part of a design relates in size or shape to another or to the whole.
Based on form and size unequal proportion is more pleasing Furniture and accessories that are too large will crowd a small room and make the room seem even smaller.
◦ ◦ Balance--gives a feeling of equal weight among parts of a design.
Formal--objects on each side of an imaginary centerline are the same Informal--the objects on each side of the center are different in size, form, texture, or color
◦ Emphasis--the point of greatest interest examples--fireplace, flower arrangement, artwork
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Rhythm--feeling of movement, leading the eye from one point to another Repetition--repeating color, line, form, texture Opposition--rhythm formed by lines meeting at right angles Gradation--created by a change in color value from dark to light Radiation--lines extend outward from a central point, such as a bouquet of flowers Transition--rhythm found in curved lines
◦ Harmony--the feeling that all parts of a design belong together.
Variety is interesting if objects grouped together have something in common such as color
The ultimate goals of design are beauty, appropriateness and unity with variation.
◦ Beauty--whatever you consider beautiful enough to go into your home, will make your home a unique place.
◦ ◦ Appropriateness--colors appropriate for the mood, forms appropriate for their function, and designs appropriate for you personality.
Unity with variation--design works best when one item dominates and other items provide variety and contrast. Rooms are pleasing if they have one dominate color, one dominate line, one point of emphasis, one dominate type of balance.
Primary Secondary Intermediate/Tertiary
◦ ◦ ◦ Cool Colors ◦ ◦ ◦ green blue violet Warm Colors yellow orange red
◦ Monochromatic--variations of one color only light blue, blue, and dark blue ◦ ◦ Complementary--made up of 2 colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel blue and orange red and green
Triadic--3 colors the same distance from one another on the color wheel ◦ red, blue and yellow Analogous--2 or more colors next to each other on the color wheel ◦ blue green, green, and blue Split complementary--results when a color is combined with colors on each side of its complement ◦ blue, red-orange, yellow-orange
Dust in the direction of the grain Never use water on wood furniture Apply a bee’s wax polish once a year on wood furniture Vacuum upholstered furniture seasonally Test cleaning products in an area not seen before using on entire piece Protect your furniture with coasters, tablecloths, or glass to prevent damage
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Daily empty trash make bed wash dishes put away clean dishes and wipe down counter pick up dirty clothes and place in hamper straighten up put away clean clothes
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Weekly change bedding clean out and organize refrigerator clean bathroom do laundry vacuum mop mow grass sweep porch, garage, deck
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Seasonally clean and straighten drawers clean bed coverings clean closets wash windows and glass doors shampoo carpets vacuum upholstered furniture wash curtains/dry clean drapes clean out gutters
◦ ◦ Protection from fires ◦ ◦ fire extinguishers smoke detectors Protection from intruders ◦ lock doors and windows ◦ keep bushes trimmed back from windows ◦ well lighted entrances Protection from falls well lighted stairs non-slip mats in bath
◦ Protection from poisoning Poison control center 1-800-222-1222 don’t mix cleaning supplies throw out old medicines read directions keep dangerous products out of reach of young children 4/27/2020
Keep thermostat turned down to 68 degrees in winter Set air conditioner no lower than 78 degrees use ceiling fans to circulate heat or cool air install extra installation use cold water when possible run full loads of dishes and clothes fill sink to rinse dishes instead of running water
Carpenter Architect Civil Engineers Maintenance personal Plumbers Electricians Interior Designers Showroom salespeople
Likes to work with others Good listener Talented/Skilled in trade Can visualize what others want