Immigration (1880 - Present)

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Transcript Immigration (1880 - Present)

Immigration (1880 - Present)
• Immigrant = a person
who moves into a
country.
• Emmigrant = a person
who moves out of a
country.
• Migration =
permanent move to
live in another place.
• 1881 - 1920 = 23.5
million “New
Immigrants” Southern
& Eastern Europe.
• Ellis and Angel Island.
• Chinese came to the
West Coast during
Gold Rush.
“ The New Colossus” by Emma Lazarus
Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs astride from land to land;
Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand
A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightening, and her name
Mother of exiles…
“Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!” cries she
With silent lips. “ Give me in your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free.
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”
To what extent has America welcomed immigrants?
Has America lived up to the ideals in the poem?
How has our immigration policy been restrictive at times?
• Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) - prohibited
Chinese laborers from entering the U.S.
• Literacy Test (1917) - required all immigrants to
show they could read and write. Also excluded
any Aliens who were unable to meet minimum
mental , moral, physical, and economic standards.
• Emergency Quota Act (1921) - the number of
aliens of any nationality admitted to the U.S. in a
year could not exceed 3% of the number of
foreign-born residents of that nationality living in
the U.S. in 1910.
• Immigration Act (1924) - quotas were based on
desirability of nationalities;
• Immigration Act (1965) - quotas based on
nationality ended. Visas available first-come, first
Push vs. Pull Factors
• Push Factors
• Environmental problems
and natural disasters.
• Social/Political unrest
• Economic problems
• Poverty/Famine
• Human rights
violations(religious &
political persecution)
• War
• Pull factors
• Work
• Reunite with family
members
• Opportunity education and the
possibility of a better
life
• Land
Positive & Negative Aspects of
Immigration
• Positive
• Infusion of new ideas and
different approaches to
problems.
• Stronger bonds between
countries.
• Increased exposure for all
citizens to different
cultures.
• Diligent work ethic.
• Negative
• Take away jobs from
Americans(?)
• Cost of health and
education benefits(?)
• Possible terrorist
networks(?)
• Racial tensions(hate
crimes)
Discussion Questions
• 1. Should immigration be limited?
• 2. How should limits be decided?
• 3. How many should be admitted? Should they be
restricted by country?
• 4. What positive contributions have immigrants
made? What negative impact has immigration
had? Would your answers be different if you
considered immigrants from 1890 and 2010
separately?
• 5. How should illegal immigration be controlled?
What changes would you make, if any, in the