Evidence of Peer-to-Peer Education/Training

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Transcript Evidence of Peer-to-Peer Education/Training

Steven A. Camarota [email protected] Center for Immigration Studies Washington, D.C.

www.cis.org

Center for Immigration Studies

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Number & percent of US population

Illegal Immigrants 11.5 million in 2013 8.5 million in 2000 3.5 million 1990 31,1 41.3

Immigrant population

Doubled since 1990

Nearly tripled since 1980

Quadrupled since 1970 25 10 20 15 9,6 14,1 19,8

11.1% 7.9% 13.1%

5 0

4.7%

1970

6.2%

1980 1990 2000 2013 Source: Decennial Census and 2013 American Community Survey, DHS, Pew Hispanic Center.

Immigration Impacts – Population size – Composition/culture – Labor market/economy – Public coffers – Politics

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 Legal permanent (“green card”) over 1 million annually   66% family sponsored • 16% employment-based 13% refugees and asylees • 5% lottery  Long-term temporary, about 2 million total in country   45% guest workers & family • 38% student & family 13% exchange visitors • 5% diplomats & family  Illegal immigrants   Maybe 40% visa overstayers • 2/3 border jumpers (EWIs) 10 grade education on average Source: Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, DHS estimates of the unauthorized immigrant population, DHS estimate of the non-immigrant population.

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Differences largely reflect educational attainment 80% 69% 66% 75% 69% Examples: India 53% 6% 9% 16% 25% 19% 25% 10% 26% 9% 5% Mexico Honduras Share with college education Share in or near poverty Welfare use Households w/children Self-Employment Source March 2011/2010 Current Population Survey. In or near poverty defined as <200% of poverty threshold, welfare includes SSI, TANF, free lunch, WIC, food stamps, Medicaid, subsidized or public housing. – 4

No evidence of labor shortage

Natives were 2/3 of population growth but all employment gains went to immigrants, 2000-2014

100% Immigrant

Share of natives of every education level holding a job has declined dramatically 2000-2014

86% 78% Some College Bachelor's+ 82% 66% Native 74% High School only 68% 65% 34% Immigrant 52% Share of population growth

a Figures are for ages 16 to 65. b Figure are for Ages 18 to 65. 2014 – 5

 Immigration will remain big issue, not going to be “resolved”  Education level is a key variable  ◦ ◦ American workers continue to struggle 58 million (16 to 65) not working Little to no wage growth 

Try not to let special interests and sentimentality dominate your thinking

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