APUSH Content Review

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Transcript APUSH Content Review

APUSH Content Review #4
7. Civil War & Reconstruction
8. Gilded Age, Populism, Overseas
Civil War &
At the outset, President Lincoln held
that the Civil War was being fought to
end all state sovereignty
carry out the goals of abolitionists
free the slaves
preserve the Union
The major Civil War battle in the West
which split the Confederacy in half was
1. the Battle of the Wilderness
2. Vicksburg
3. Gettysburg
4. Antietam
During the Civil War, the U.S. Congress
1. could do little because of the absent
southern representatives
2. neglected legislation not related to
the war due to a lack of funds
3. played a major role in choosing
generals to lead the Union forces
4. adopted a tariff, a homestead law,
and a transcontinental railroad.
Suspension of the writ of habeas corpus for
all people living between Washington and
Philadelphia is evidence that
1. local law enforcement collapsed in
many northern states
2. Union generals often usurped
presidential power
3. presidential power increased during
the Civil War
4. Congressional power increased during
the Civil War
The key event that guaranteed Lincoln's
re-election in 1864 was the
1. fall of Vicksburg to General Grant
2. capture of New Orleans by Admiral
3. defeat of Lee's army by General
Meade at Gettysburg
4. fall of Atlanta to General Sherman
The Battle of Antietam was
1. the bloodiest single day's fighting of
the Civil War
2. a victory for General Lee's Army of
Northern Virginia
3. a proof to Lincoln of the good
leadership of General McClellan
4. The event that brought France into
the war along side the Confederacy
What was Jefferson Davis' central
problem during the Civil War?
1. He did not get along with his generals
2. In a society that prized states' rights,
Davis had to centralize authority
3. Davis was a grand strategist who did
not focus on military details
4. Davis could not generate support for
the war in the South
During the Civil War, the term
"Copperhead" referred to:
1. Northerners who supported slavery
2. Southerners who opposed the
3. Southerners who called for the
abolition of slavery
4. Northerners who opposed the war
The Battle of Gettysburg was
significant because it:
1. led to an immediate end to the war
2. opened an invasion route to the North
3. inflicted a major loss on General
Lee's army
4. cut off supplies to Confederate states
west of the Mississippi River
Whose reconstruction plan allowed former
Confederates to gain power in the
reconstructed southern governments?
1. Ulysses S. Grant
2. Abraham Lincoln
3. Radical Republicans
4. Andrew Johnson
During Reconstruction, laws that kept
freemen in an economically dependent and
legally inferior status were called
1. Jim Crow laws
2. black codes
3. poll taxes
4. grandfather clauses
In the presidential election of 1868,
Ulysses S. Grant:
1. transformed his personal popularity into a
large majority in the popular vote
2. owed his victory to the votes of former
3. gained his victory by winning the votes of
the majority of whites
4. Became the first, and only, third-party
candidate to win the presidency
In the years after the Civil War, most
freedmen ended up working as
farmers on land they owned
farmers under a sharecropper system
wage laborers in the new textile mills
itinerant day laborers in domestic and
service jobs
Why did Republicans turn against
President Johnson?
1. He vetoed the Freedmen's Bureau bill
and Civil Rights Act of 1866
2. Discovery that Johnson was delaying readmission of former Confederate states
3. His proposal for an agency that would
provide relief for poor southerners
4. A desire to show Democrats that they
could work together to rebuild the South
The purpose of the Freedman's Bureau
was to
1. gain the vote for all freed slaves
2. feed and educate the former slaves
to help them adjust to freedom
3. provide 40 acres and a mule for
each slave
4. get radical Republicans in positions
of power in the South
The "Compromise of 1877" did which
of the following?
1. gained political rights for freedmen
2. granted political amnesty to former
Confederate leaders
3. ended federal military support of
Republican gov’ts in the South
4. restored the Southern states to the
the Constitution prohibited states from
denying a citizen the right to vote based on
race, color, or former slavery:
Emancipation in 1863
In 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation
Proclamation which freed the slaves in the
South; this made the Civil War about slavery
Shiloh –
N. takes
TN and
takes its
Vicksburg –
N. takes Miss.
River and divides
S. in two
March to the Sea –
N. General burned SC
coast and Atl.
Antietam –
N. won, but
was bloodiest day
in U.S. history
Major Civil
War Battles
AppomattoxS. General Robert
Lee surrenders to
Gettysburg –
N. and ends
turning point in
Civil War
War; N. has advantage;
S. never invades
N. again
Created 5 military districts to enforce acts
Created 5 military districts to enforce Reconstruction
But, Radical Reconstruction was not
adequate to enforce equality in the South
Gilded Age Review
U.S. policy towards Indians changed with
the Dawes Act 1887 because this act
1. treated the tribes as independent nations
2. wiped out tribal ownership of property and
granted 160 acres to heads of families
3. established new and larger reservations
for all tribes
4. forbade selling alcohol or guns on
The historian Frederick Jackson Turner
argued that the frontier shaped America by
1. killing off many of the most
adventurous individuals
2. stimulating individualism,
nationalism, and democracy
3. producing governments very much
like those of Europe
4. creating new opportunities for women
The outlawing of the Indian Sun
(Ghost) Dance in 1890 resulted in the
Battle of Little Big Horn
Battle of Potowanamie Creek
Massacre at Sand Creek.
Battle of Wounded Knee.
The two factors that did most to
stimulate rapid western settlement were
1. the gold rush and cattle economy
2. the Homestead Act and the railroad
3. removal of the buffalo and Native
Americans from the plains
4. the removal of the Indians and the
gold rush
Open-range ranching came to an end
due to
1. overproduction of beef and declining
2. federal support for irrigated
3. the range wars between cattlemen
and sheepherders
4. fencing of the plains with barbed wire
Which of the following was NOT a
goal of the Populist party?
1. government regulation of railroads
2. increasing the money supply by
coining silver
3. defeating the Sherman Silver
Purchase Act of 1890
4. direct election of U. S. senators
Supporters of the Populist Party included
all of the following groups EXCEPT:
1. mid-western family farmers
2. southern tenant farmers
3. western miners
4. eastern labor union members
One of the most significant aspects of
the Interstate Commerce Act was that it
1. revolutionized the business system
2. failed to end the worst abuses of big
business, such as pools & rebates
3. actually did nothing to control the
abuses of big business
4. represented the first attempt by the
federal gov’t to regulate business
In its approach to union organization,
the Knights of Labor officially:
1. organized workers by their skilled craft
2. welcomed both skilled & unskilled
3. encouraged the use of the strike
4. discriminated against blacks & women
The "Gospel of Wealth," as advanced by
Andrew Carnegie, promoted the concept
that people with wealth should:
1. give aid directly to the poor
2. devote time to the public welfare
3. donate the bulk of their wealth to
religious institutions
4. use their resources to help society
Which of the following best accounts
for the success of Standard Oil:
interlocking directorate
vertical integration
horizontal integration
The first "big business" in America,
at least in terms of finance, labor relations,
and management, was
1. the oil refining industry
2. the textile industry
3. the steel industry
4. the railroad industry
The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 and
the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 had in
common the fact that they:
1. convinced the Populists that they had
achieved their goals
2. were strengthened by the Supreme Court
in the years after they were passed
3. ended the Republican domination of the
U. S. Senate
4. were intended to do away with the spoils
system in politics
In 1890, Jacob Riis vividly portrayed
life in an American urban slum in:
The Jungle
Ragged John
How the Other Half Lives
Maggie, Girl of the Streets
Which population trend occurred in the
U.S. from 1860 to 1920?
1. decline in the number of Eastern &
Southern European immigrants
2. shift of the majority of the urban
population from city to suburbs
3. significant shift of the population
from the North to the South
4. growth in the cities & decline in rural
areas of America
Which group would have been most
likely to support Tammany Hall?
industrial and business leaders
poor urban immigrants
middle-class shop owners
wealthy rural landowners
Jane Addams is most associated with:
temperance reform
the settlement house movement
higher education for women
women's suffrage
Europeans who came to the U.S. after 1880
were called "new" immigrants because they
1. were considered physically superior
workers to earlier immigrants
2. arrived before the closing of the
frontier & settled farms in the West
3. came chiefly from northern and
western Europe
4. came generally from different countries
than most earlier immigrants
The major point of difference between
Booker T. Washington & W. E. B. Du Bois
was over their view of:
1. the need for education
2. the need for immediate equality for
3. aiding efforts for independence in
4. using white assistance to help blacks
The Supreme Court decision in the case of
Plessy v. Ferguson upheld which principle?
1. "Clear and present danger“
2. "With all deliberate speed“
3. "Separate but equal“
4. "Without redeeming social value"
By the end of his presidency, Ulysses S.
Grant's popularity had declined
substantially because of
1. the corruption in his administration
2. his brutal policies toward the South
3. his support for "greenback"
monetary policies
4. his refusal to support the Radical
Republicans in Congress
Why did President Cleveland intervene
with troops in the Pullman Strike of 1894?
1. the governor of Illinois requested
federal troops be sent
2. the strike endangered the national
health and safety
3. the strike interfered with the U.S.
mail and interstate trade
4. federal property was being destroyed
“If the gold delegates dare to defend the gold
standard as a good thing, we will fight them
to the uppermost.” William Jennings Bryan's
famous "Cross of Gold" speech called for?:
the unlimited coinage of silver
lower tariffs
greenback paper currency
renewed religious commitment for
all Americans
USA in the Gilded Age: 1870-1920
Ranching, Mining, Farming
America in the Gilded Age: 1865-1918
The South:
Still recovering from the
Civil War but no longer
forced to “reconstruct”
The “New South”?
Jim Crow Laws
America in the Gilded Age: 1865-1918
The West:
ranchers, &
closed the
last of the
frontier at
the expense
of Indians
in the West:
Battles &
• Wounded Knee—Indians were killed to
stop performance of Ghost Dance ritual
• Little Big Horn—Sioux surrounded &
killed US Army division led by Custer
America in the Gilded Age: 1865-1918
The North:
Experienced a “2nd Industrial Revolution,”
mass immigration, & urbanization
Northern industries grew
Good: Steel Production
Bad: Treatment of Workers
Good: Patents Issued
Bad: Living Conditions
America became the world’s leader in railroad,
steel, & oil production
Vertical & Horizontal Integration
York City, 1907
Immigration Restrictions to the USA
National Origins Act of 1924:
lowered the number of Eastern/Southern
Europeans and Asians to the USA
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