13.4 The Soviet Union and Stalin

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Transcript 13.4 The Soviet Union and Stalin

13.4 Notes

  10.7.3 Analyze the rise of totalitarian regimes… To understand the Soviet Union under Stalin

   Joseph Stalin took over after Lenin’s death Turned Soviet Union into totalitarian state Command Economy government control on economy  5 year plans- programs to build heavy industry, improve transportation, increase farming

     Despite developing industry, people’s general standard of living remained low Managers produced lots of low quality goods to meet quotas Collective- a state owned farm, operated by groups of peasants Kulaks-wealthy farmers  Did not want to give up their own land  Stalin killed and sent them to labor camps Led to “Terror Famine” 5-8 mil died

    Stalin used secret police, torture and purges (mass killings) to edh,/ljnsure obedience Gulag- system of brutal labor camps The Great Purge-1934 secret police cracked down on rival party Many of the most talented people also died

   Stalin made a “cult of personality” around himself using propaganda Censorship in the Arts  Stalin required a style called “socialist realism” to show Soviets life as positive  Faced persecution if they refused War on religion- also tried to make people atheists, for loyalty only to state

  New elite were communist party members Some benefits of communism  Free schools  Free medical care for children  Equality for women

  Comintern communists international pursued world-wide revolution Also wanted recognition/ trade with western powers