Indonesian Achievements of EFA

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Transcript Indonesian Achievements of EFA

Indonesian Achievements of EFA
By
HAMID MUHAMMAD
Deputy Minister of Secondary Education
Ninth E-9 Ministerial Review Meeting
New Delhi, India
8-10 November 2012
Ministry of Education and Culture
Republic of Indonesia
2012
1
EDUCATION FOR ALL PROGRAMS
Early
Childhood
Education
Quality
Educatio
n
Universal
Basic
Education
EFA Goals
Gender
Parity and
Equity
Life Skill
Education
Literacy
Education
EFA ACHIEVEMENTS
1. Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)
Significant increase of services has been provided
so that by the end of 2011, 61.74% children below
7 years old have enrolled in ECCE compared to
the percentage of children of the same year in the
year 2000 which was only 18%.
Improvement of Early Childhood Education
GER PAUD
70.000%
60.000%
61.74%
50.000%
40.000%
30.000%
20.000%
23.80%
24.60%
25.70%
2006
2007
2008
28.90%
31.03%
20.20%
10.000%
.000%
2005
2009
2010
2011
5
2. Basic Education
We are approaching to successfully achieve the
compulsory 9 year basic education program
nationwide. We have put high priority for 9 year
basic education to make all children between 7-15
year to have access to education disregard of their
location, gender, race, religion and economic
status. By 2011 net enrollment rate (NER) for
primary education reached 95,41 %, and NER for
junior secondary education reached 75,64%.
BASIC EDUCATION (TRENDS 2006-2011)
100
140
95
94.2
94.48
94.9
95.14
95.23
95.41
120
114.06
90
114.27
115.51
116.56
116.77
115.33
96.18
98.11
98.2
2009
2010
2011
100
85
80
85.22
88.68
92.32
80
60
75
73.62
70
75.64
40
71.6
20
65
60
74.52
66.01
62.06
2006
0
2007
2008
NER Primary Education
2009
2010
2011
NER Junior Secondary Education
2006
2007
2008
GER Primary Education
GER Junior Secondary Education
3. Life Skills Education
Indonesia, access to life skill education programs
are implemented through secondary vocational
schools and non-formal education in the
framework of poverty eradication as shown in the
following data.
Labor Market Growth and The New workforce of
Secondary Education
2,500,000
Lulusan
SM Total
Secondary
School (1)
Graduates
2,000,000
Lulusan
SM School
Secondary
Graduateske
Melanjutkan
conti nue toTinggi
higher(2)
Perguruan
1,500,000
education
Lulusan
SM School
Mencari
Secondary
Graduates
Kerja (1-2)
1,000,000
Looking for job
500,000
Peluang
Pasar Kerja
Labour market
opportunity
related
sesuai
Pertumbuhan
to economic growth
Ekonomi
-
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Nonformal-LIFE SKILLS EDUCATION
60.00
56.98
50.00
Course and training participants 73,808
50
13.86%
10,229
40.00
30.00
18.94%
13,980
20.00
56.98%
42,058
10.00
9.00
5.00
10.22%
7,541
2010
2011
Precentage of literacy graduates participating in life skills program
Precentage of non-formal life skills graduates accessed to the world of
work
Employee
enterpreneur
Unemployed
Being trained
4. Literacy Education
While the Dakar target stipulates 50% out of
illiterate population by 2015, Indonesia has
achieved this target by 2009, based on the
impressive average illiterate eradication rate of
1,6 million people per year in the last three years.
The adult literacy rate in 2011 was 95.5 %. More
specifically, the literacy rate for aged of 15-24
years increased from 96.7 per cent in 1992 to 99.53
per cent in 2011.
4. Literacy Education
The Decrease of Number of Adult Illiteracy
2005-2011 (in million)
(9.55%)
(8.07%)
(7.20%)
(6.57%)
(5.03%)
(5.02%)
(4.43
%)
Source: National Bureau of
Statistics, 2011
Illiterate people aged 15 years and above
Sulawesi Utara
Maluku Utara
Kepulauan Riau
Maluku
Kepulauan Bangka Belitung
Gorontalo
Bengkulu
Kalimantan Tengah
Papua Barat
Kalimantan Timur
Jambi
Riau
DI Yogyakarta
DKI Jakarta
Sulawesi Barat
Kalimantan Selatan
Sulawesi Tengah
Sumatera Barat
Aceh
Sulawesi Tenggara
Sumatera Selatan
Lampung
Bali
Banten
Sumatera Utara
Kalimantan Barat
Nusa Tenggara Timur
Nusa Tenggara Barat
Sulawesi Selatan
Jawa Barat
Papua
Jawa Tengah
Jawa Timur
% Illiterate people aged 15 years and above
12,917
16,595
21,592
23,749
26,957
29,537
30,844
31,783
32,953
49,144
60,630
61,265
61,741
63,779
65,550
67,048
69,624
71,474
75,424
75,579
102,969
116,798
160,535
169,286
177,355
196,690
224,271
333,445
404,215
653,209
675,253
986,179
1,582,293
-
500,000
1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000
Sulawesi Utara
DKI Jakarta
Riau
Kepulauan Riau
Kalimantan Timur
Sumatera Selatan
Kalimantan Tengah
Sumatera Utara
Jawa Barat
Banten
Lampung
Sumatera Barat
Maluku Utara
Maluku
Aceh
DI Yogyakarta
Bengkulu
Kalimantan Selatan
Jambi
Kepulauan Bangka Belitung
Sulawesi Tengah
Indonesia
Gorontalo
Jawa Tengah
Sulawesi Tenggara
Bali
Jawa Timur
Papua Barat
Kalimantan Barat
Sulawesi Selatan
Nusa Tenggara Timur
Sulawesi Barat
Nusa Tenggara Barat
Papua
0.89
0.93
1.71
1.83
2.05
2.15
2.22
2.23
2.35
2.38
2.41
2.44
2.63
2.64
2.65
2.73
2.80
2.81
3.00
3.33
4.28
4.43
4.49
4.85
5.66
6.34
6.50
6.79
7.20
8.24
8.61
9.61
12.04
35.98
-
005
010
015
020
025
030
035
040
Illiterate People Aged 15 years above
Male
Female
Sulawesi Utara
Maluku Utara
Gorontalo
Kepulauan Riau
Maluku
Kepulauan Bangka Belitung
Bengkulu
Papua Barat
Kalimantan Tengah
Kalimantan Timur
Sulawesi Barat
Riau
Sulawesi Tengah
Jambi
DI Yogyakarta
Sumatera Barat
Kalimantan Selatan
DKI Jakarta
Sulawesi Tenggara
Aceh
Sumatera Selatan
Lampung
Sumatera Utara
Bali
Banten
Nusa Tenggara Timur
Kalimantan Barat
Sulawesi Selatan
Nusa Tenggara Barat
Papua
Jawa Barat
Jawa Tengah
Jawa Timur
INDONESIA
6,347
10,807
12,631
13,618
14,172
18,228
21,369
22,376
22,651
31,929
41,284
41,285
41,691
42,711
44,001
45,161
45,742
49,016
51,033
51,992
67,894
81,566
117,275
120,024
123,247
128,610
142,522
224,624
227,620
388,311
453,231
687,417
1,074,896
4,465,283
-
1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000
Maluku Utara
Sulawesi Utara
Kepulauan Riau
Kepulauan Bangka Belitung
Kalimantan Tengah
Bengkulu
Maluku
Papua Barat
DKI Jakarta
Gorontalo
Kalimantan Timur
DI Yogyakarta
Jambi
Riau
Kalimantan Selatan
Aceh
Sulawesi Barat
Sulawesi Tenggara
Sumatera Barat
Sulawesi Tengah
Sumatera Selatan
Lampung
Bali
Banten
Kalimantan Barat
Sumatera Utara
Nusa Tenggara Timur
Nusa Tenggara Barat
Sulawesi Selatan
Jawa Barat
Papua
Jawa Tengah
Jawa Timur
INDONESIA
5,787
6,570
7,974
8,729
9,132
9,475
9,577
10,577
14,763
16,906
17,215
17,740
17,919
19,980
21,306
23,433
24,266
24,546
26,313
27,933
35,075
35,232
40,511
46,038
54,168
60,080
95,661
105,825
179,590
199,978
286,942
298,762
507,398
2,265,400
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
Illiterate People Aged 15 years above (%)
33.66%
2,265,400
66.34%
4,465,283
Male
Female
5. Gender Equity
Significant progress has been achieved to provide
equal access for girls and boys to all levels of
education. We have made a good progress in
meeting literacy target to improve up to 50% in
adult literacy rate by the year 2015 as well as in
the basic education.
5. Gender Mainstreaming in Education
120
108.90
102.90
100
97.20
98.16
97.20
96.59
91.20
080
77.00
060
2010
2011
040
020
1.73
1.97
Gender Disparity of
Gender Primary School Gender Junior Secondary Gender Senior Secondary
illiterate population aged
ratio
School ratio
+ Vocational school ratio
≥15 years old.
Gender Higher
Education ratio
6. Quality Education
The improvement of quality education in
Indonesia includes : teachers qualification and
certification, continuing professional development,
contextual teaching learning process, classroom
action research, curriculum development, school
accreditation, and infrastructures. Improvement of
teacher qualification and certification is a key to
quality education.
National Assessment
Completion Rate
Average of National Assessment
008
99.800%
99.72%
008
99.700%
7.88
99.600%
008
99.500%
008
008
7.57
7.57
2011
2012
008
99.50%
99.45%
99.400%
7.62
7.61
99.57%
7.47
007
2011
99.300%
2012
99.200%
99.100%
99.000%
007
98.900%
007
Junior Secondary Senio Secondary Senior Vocational
School
School
School
Junior
Secondary
School
Senio
Secondary
School
Senior
Vocational
School
PISA Reading Performance 2009:
Indonesia and OECD
493
493
494
494
493
495
402
399
405
409
397
399
Access & Retrieve
Integrate & Interpret
Reflect & Evaluate
Continous Texts
Non-Continous Texts
Total
Indonesia
OECD
20
Indonesia Student’s Reading Performance
in PISA 2000 - 2009
499
495
497
501
402
393
382
371
499
2003
OECD Average
Total
474
2006
2009
Indonesia
513
2000
402
420
Girls
383
Indonesia
Boys
OECD Average
Indonesia students’ reading performance have steadily improved from 2000-2009.
While OECD students’ performance have been stagnant during the same period
Girls performed better than boys in reading performance
21
School / Madrasah Accreditation
2008 - 2011
60,000
50,000
Special School
Vocational School *)
40,000
Senior Secondary School/MA
30,000
Junior Secondary School/MTs
20,000
Primary School/MI
Kindergarten/RA
10,000
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Accredited Nonformal Education Program
800
700
685
600
500
Courses and Trainings
Community Learning Center
406
400
Early Childhood Education
Package A
Package B
Package C
300
209
200
191
181
138
119
100
85
33
9
0
2008
2009
38
15
2
27
2010
3
2011
Quality Improvement of Education
Teacher Qualification Development (2009 – 2011)
Year
Qualification
SHS (SMA)
D1
D2
D3
Total
UG (S1)
Master (S2)
Doctoral
(S3)
2011
550,319
56,668
520,551
296,975
1,471,884
29,214
65
2,925,676
2010
546,170
56,054
815,307
122,882
1,225,163
25,370
258
2,791,204
2099
535,601
49,763
790,030
121,327
1,092,912
17,619
59
2,607,311
<= UG
>= UG
Total
<=UG (%)
>= (%)
2011
1,424,513
1,501,163
2,925,676
49
51
2010
1,540,413
1,250,791
2,971,204
55
45
2009
1,496,721
1,110,590
2,607,311
57
43
Certification of Teachers
Certification of teachers is a program to assure that the teachers meet specific qualification and
competencies, and have performed according to minimum requirements as teachers. The
program is to assure the quality of teaching and learning in education.
25
Indonesia Ranking in Education for All Global Monitoring
Report (EFA – GMR) Years 2011
EDI Indonesia pada tahun 2011 berada pada peringkat: 69 dari 127 negara, sedangkan tahun
2010 berada pada peringkat 65 dari 128 negara.