Transcript Human Body

Human Body

Bones, Muscles and Skin Chapter 14-1 1

Body Organization and Homeostasis

 Key Concepts: • What are the levels of organization in the body • What is homeostasis 2

Cell Cytoplasm Nervous Tissue Organ Stress


Cell Membrane Tissue Nucleus Muscle Tissue Connective Tissue Epithelial tissue Organ System Homeostasis 3

Lunch in the cafeteria

      The bell rings you hurry down the hall to the cafeteria You smell hot pizza, and nachos this makes your mouth water You get your food and balance your tray After you pay you look around for your friends You walk over, sit down, and eat Think about how many body parts were involved in this simple act of getting and eating your lunch 4


    The levels of organization in the human body consist of cells, tissues, organs and organ systems Smallest unit of organization-CELL Next largest unit-TISSUE, then Organs Largest unit of organization-ORGAN SYSTEM 5


   Basic unit of structure and function in a living thing is a cell The structure of most animal cells/including the human body are cell membrane, nucleus and cytoplasm The human body is made up of trillions of tiny cells 6

Function of Cells

 Cells carry on the processes that keep organisms alive • They release energy for the bodies activities • Grow and reproduce • They get rid of waste products that result from these activities 7


  Group of similar cells that perform the same function Four basic types of tissue • Muscle • Nervous • Connective • Epithelial 8

Muscle tissue

  Every movement you make depends on muscle tissue Muscle tissue can contract 9

Nervous tissue

  Enables you to see, hear and think Directs and controls, it carries electrical messages back and forth between the brain and other parts of the body 10

Connective Tissue

  Connects and supports parts of your body Bone tissue and fat are connective tissues 11

Epithelial Tissue

   Covers the surfaces of your body and lines your internal organs Some epithelial tissue such as your skin protects the delicate structures that lie beneath it Digestive system is lined with epithelial tissue which allows you to digest and absorb the nutrients in your food 12

Organs and Organ Systems

 What is an example of an organ?

• Stomach, heart, brain lungs • An organ is composed of different kinds of tissue and performs a specific job • Each organ is part of an organ system a group of organs that work together to perform a major function 13


  When all the systems work together such as respiratory, digestive and circulatory they are maintaining a process called homeostasis The process by which an organisms internal environment is kept stable in spite of changes in the external environment 14

Maintaining Homeostasis

 Your body has various ways of maintaining homeostasis • When you are too warm you sweat which helps to cool your body • When you are cold you shiver-shivering occurs when your muscles contract and relax rapidly • These processes help maintain homeostasis 15