(pictures or school logos are ok on the title slide as long as it is not
• Choose a background design and text color that is easy to
read (plain white is boring, but don’t go overboard)
– i.e.- black background and red text is not easy to read.
• Make a quick outline of your presentation, either on paper
or on you slide titles
• Use pictures and less text! This keeps your presentation
– The purpose of a PPT is to provide you with notes and your
audience with an easy to understand visual. (Don’t type out
your entire presentation in text on your slides and DO NOT read
– Use your slides as a reminder of what to talk about
• You may put your school or organization logo on each slidethis is common in academic presentations.
• There are several different ways to begin your
– Start with why you were interested in the topic
• Was it for a course?
• Will it apply to your career?
• Why choose this topic?
– An outline of what your talk will cover
– General info about the topic relevance, you may
know this, but your audience may not.
Introduction/ Review of Literature
• Present the background information in this
area. This should follow the same outline as
your review of literature.
– General to complex
• Historical perspectives, theoretical concepts,
or mechanisms should be first.
• Use previous research to provide a rationale
and set up for your study.
Review of Literature
• Don’t go overboard with the ROL, focus on the
purpose and results of previous studies
• Explain how your research will enhance this
existing body of knowledge.
• You should build a case or argument for your
study and connect the gap between previous
research and your study.
• Current and/or critical research should come
towards the end.
• Operationally define terms for your study (if
• List your purpose or research question and
talk about your initial hypotheses.
• Briefly describe your methods and procedures
– Include all related and important points (who, what,
when, where, how)
• Subsections may include: subjects, instruments,
procedures or test protocols, statistical tests used
– Sometimes a timeline or figure can depict methods
better than a graph.
– Either include a table of your subject characteristics
here or at the beginning of the results.
• Describe your subject characteristics in a table
• Tables and figures tend to be the best way to
present your results
– Use very little text
• Take time to explain the figures: explain the graph
axes or table headings
– Figure captions are acceptable, but should be very
• Only focus on the most important results or the
summary of results, do not list all results and data
points: summarize them coherently
• Where the results what you expected?
• Why or why not??
– This is the part where you talk about other research,
does it match yours? Why/why not?
– Think about differences between research designs and
what limitations your study might have
• So what??
– What does all of this mean in the real world?
• Can your results be applied in the field and how?
• Summarize your conclusions (or your whole
presentation) in a few bullet points
• Give the “so what” factors from your research
• Give implications or practical applications for
– Can be on an additional slide
• Provide suggestions for future research
– Can be on an additional slide
• Your references should be in proper APA
format and listed in alphabetical order
• Sometimes including full citations on the
slides makes them look cluttered with textuse superscript numbers to denote sources.
– Make sure the sources are appropriately
numbered on your references page- the first
alphabetical reference should be #1 when referred
to in your slides.
• Review your slides, check for spelling and grammar
mistakes- have someone else review them as well!
• PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE your presentation. You
will be less nervous and better at managing your time
(if you have time constraints)
• Use a stop watch or the timing feature in PPT to clock
your presentation and see which slides take you the
– As a rule of thumb: one minute per slide
• If presenting with a group: PRACTICE so you know who
will speak when!
• Be prepared to answer questions about your research!!
Entertain questions from the audience…AND be prepared to answer
them! Remember you know more about your study than anyone else!
THANK YOU, QUESTIONS?