Ch. 13.2 Mongol & ming empires
Transcript Ch. 13.2 Mongol & ming empires
Chapter 13: Asian Empires
SECTION 2: MONGOL & MING EMPIRES
CH. 13.2 MONGOL & MING EMPIRES
Take out Homework
SWBAT compare and contrast East Asian
societies, politics and economies, under
the rule of various Mongolian and Ming
MONGOL EMPIRE (12OOS )
were the Mongolians?
Tribes fight each other
Tribes united by Genghis Khan
Mongol Empire included China, Central Asia, and
extended into Eastern Europe
1. GENGHIS KHAN: MONGOL CONQUEROR
United warring Mongol
Used cannon warfare
to conquer walled
cities of China
GENGHIS KHAN’S MONGOL EMPIRE (1206-1227)
GENGHI KHAN’S POLITICS: HOW DOES HE RULE?
NOT oppressive to conquered people
Ended the civil servant system
Made states pay a tribute.
DQ: What do we call such states? Think of the
Rules with toleration, justice
Answer: Pax Mongolica (peace)
Political peace = Economic growth
DQ: How could war destabilize the empire’s
economy? Do wars today destabilize economies?
GENGHIS KHAN: ECONOMY
Trade: Silk Road
route joining Europe, Middle East and Asia
Movement of tools, food, ideas
Cultural Exchanges (cultural diffusion)
windmills, gunpowder, porcelain, playing cards to Europe
Papermaking technology to the Middle East in return for
crops and trees
2. KUBLAI KHAN
POLITICS: HOW DOES HE RULE?
Conquests south China (1279) –
Rules from Cambulac (Beijing)
Military and high government jobs
reserved for Mongolians
Tolerant toward other religions & visitors
Italian merchant, lives there 17 years
Writes a book about Asia’s wealth
Europeans become interested in China
KUBLAI KHAN’S MONGOL EMPIRE
KUBLAI KHAN: ECONOMY
Extended the Grand Canal to Beijing
Trade with Europe, Middle East
Economy is thriving
Problems: large empire = large costs
3. ZHU YUANZHANG:
Chinese peasant leader who
organized an army
Takes China back from Mongols
Pushes Mongols past the Great
Restored the civil service system
Restored Confucianism –
emphasis on duty, honesty,
3. ZHU YUANZHANG:
Improved farming: surplus of
Farm crops from Europe and
America (corn, sweet
Cities: artisans make
porcelain, tools, paper
Technology: print books
Art: blue-white porcelain
vases, literature, world’s 1st
detective stories, poetry,
4. ZHENG HE (1405)
Promoted China’s power overseas (Middle East,
Sailed with 162 ships
Collected tributes from other states
Confucian scholars criticize Zheng He
no reason for exploration
Say it is too costly
Want to preserve ancient traditions and do not
want foreign influences in China.
CLOSING : REVIEW
Who were the four emperors we learned about?
Which ones were Mongolians?
Describe the empire under their rule.
Which ones were Chinese?
Who established the Ming dynasty?
Describe China during the Ming dynasty.
Which of these 4 emperors do you think
was the most successful?
Use examples to support your answer.