International Safety Management The European approach

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Transcript International Safety Management The European approach

Safety and Marine Environment
Protection; prospects we face the EU perspective
Marten Koopmans
Permanent representative of the
European Commission to the IMO
Content
• Introduction
• Prospects
• 3rd Maritime Safety Package
• Conclusions
EU maritime transport
• 80+ % of world trade + EU external trade
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is carried by sea +
40 % of intra-EU trade is carried by sea
25 % of world tonnage under EU flag +
40+ % of world fleet controlled by EU
shipping companies
3.5 billion tonnes of cargo + 400 million
passengers through EU ports per year
350.000 jobs in ports + related services
Priorities
• improving maritime safety
• promotion of high-quality standards
=> Following a series of accident measures
have been adopted to:
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eliminate substandard shipping
increase the protection of crews and passengers
reduce environmental pollution
ensure that good operators are not facing commercial
disadvantage
– promote international competitiveness of EU shipping
– improve EU transport efficiency
– full & harmonised implementation of International
Conventions within the European Union
Prospects
General developments
• society wants more “goods”, so i.e. more
(unseen) transport
• society continues to be less willing to accept
accidents and (even more so) pollution
• while preventive measures is the key,
accidents will unavoidably trigger more
regulation (last “triggering” major accident
(Prestige) was 7 years ago)
3rd Maritime Safety Package
• Published in the Official Journal of the EU
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on 28 May 2009
To find this:
– http://eur-lex.europa.eu/
JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:131:SOM:EN:HTML
or
– http://eur-lex.europa.eu
– choose a language
– go to: Official Journal
– type in: 2009 + L + 131
3rd Maritime Safety Package
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Flag State responsibilities
Classification societies
Port State control
Vessel traffic monitoring
Accident investigation
Liability and compensation for damage of
passengers
Insurance of shipowners for maritime
claims
Flag State-I
• missing link in EU legislation
• EU MS to control that ships flying their
flags effectively respect IMO standards
• mandatory audit plan of national maritime
administrations
• certification of maritime administrations
quality management systems
Flag State-II
• firm commitment of EU MS to ratify safety
and liability conventions
• apply the IMO audit scheme (VIMSAS) and
Code of mandatory instruments
• ensure VIMSAS and Code are made
mandatory at international level
• all EU MS flags on the Paris MoU PSC
white list by 2012 at the latest
Classification societies-I
• classification societies are fundamental
for maritime safety. Better performance
means less room for sub-standard shipping
• radical improvement in the quality of the
work undertaken by classification societies
• independent quality control regime by a
specialised body
Classification societies-II
• mutual recognition of classification
certificates where appropriate and safe
• transparency and cooperation obligations
• new system of financial penalties for
preventing under-performance
Port State Control
• more stringent regime for substandard
vessels (frequency of inspections, banning)
• new inspection regime with a full EU
inspections coverage (25 % => 100 %)
• risk-based frequency of the inspection
(most dangerous ships => every 6 months)
• ships not fulfilling the rules will be banned
• blacklist of companies
Vessel Traffic Monitoring
• Places of Refuge:
• legal framework
• independent decision making
• tools for decision making
• SafeSeaNet: EU-wide electronic system for
maritime data exchange
• AIS: mandatory for fishing vessels
Accident investigation
• investigation after each very serious
casualties where EU interest are affected
• in line with IMO Code
• independent, professional bodies
• common methodology
• technical support by EMSA
• cooperation between investigating bodies
Compensation of
passengers
• Athens Convention of 2002 in EU legislation
• modernised carrier liability rules
• mandatory insurance system
• satisfactory compensation ceiling
• applies to
• all passengers who have purchased their tickets
in Europe
• all EU flagged ships
• all voyages to/from EU MS
Maritime insurance
• compulsory insurance for all ships in EU
• cover ceilings as in the LLMC-1996
• proof of insurance
• insurance certificate to be verified by PSC
• no certificate: penalties, e.g. ship may be
detained or even expelled
Conclusions
• Maritime transport is important for the EU
• Society will demand more safety and
environment protection from shipping
• Shipping will have to deliver this, also in hard
times
• The 3rd Maritime Safety Package is the new
milestone in this continued progress
Большое спасибо
(bal’shoye spasiba)