International Safety Management The European approach

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Transcript International Safety Management The European approach

Safety and Marine Environment
Protection; prospects we face the EU perspective
Marten Koopmans
Permanent representative of the
European Commission to the IMO
• Introduction
• Prospects
• 3rd Maritime Safety Package
• Conclusions
EU maritime transport
• 80+ % of world trade + EU external trade
is carried by sea +
40 % of intra-EU trade is carried by sea
25 % of world tonnage under EU flag +
40+ % of world fleet controlled by EU
shipping companies
3.5 billion tonnes of cargo + 400 million
passengers through EU ports per year
350.000 jobs in ports + related services
• improving maritime safety
• promotion of high-quality standards
=> Following a series of accident measures
have been adopted to:
eliminate substandard shipping
increase the protection of crews and passengers
reduce environmental pollution
ensure that good operators are not facing commercial
– promote international competitiveness of EU shipping
– improve EU transport efficiency
– full & harmonised implementation of International
Conventions within the European Union
General developments
• society wants more “goods”, so i.e. more
(unseen) transport
• society continues to be less willing to accept
accidents and (even more so) pollution
• while preventive measures is the key,
accidents will unavoidably trigger more
regulation (last “triggering” major accident
(Prestige) was 7 years ago)
3rd Maritime Safety Package
• Published in the Official Journal of the EU
on 28 May 2009
To find this:
– choose a language
– go to: Official Journal
– type in: 2009 + L + 131
3rd Maritime Safety Package
Flag State responsibilities
Classification societies
Port State control
Vessel traffic monitoring
Accident investigation
Liability and compensation for damage of
Insurance of shipowners for maritime
Flag State-I
• missing link in EU legislation
• EU MS to control that ships flying their
flags effectively respect IMO standards
• mandatory audit plan of national maritime
• certification of maritime administrations
quality management systems
Flag State-II
• firm commitment of EU MS to ratify safety
and liability conventions
• apply the IMO audit scheme (VIMSAS) and
Code of mandatory instruments
• ensure VIMSAS and Code are made
mandatory at international level
• all EU MS flags on the Paris MoU PSC
white list by 2012 at the latest
Classification societies-I
• classification societies are fundamental
for maritime safety. Better performance
means less room for sub-standard shipping
• radical improvement in the quality of the
work undertaken by classification societies
• independent quality control regime by a
specialised body
Classification societies-II
• mutual recognition of classification
certificates where appropriate and safe
• transparency and cooperation obligations
• new system of financial penalties for
preventing under-performance
Port State Control
• more stringent regime for substandard
vessels (frequency of inspections, banning)
• new inspection regime with a full EU
inspections coverage (25 % => 100 %)
• risk-based frequency of the inspection
(most dangerous ships => every 6 months)
• ships not fulfilling the rules will be banned
• blacklist of companies
Vessel Traffic Monitoring
• Places of Refuge:
• legal framework
• independent decision making
• tools for decision making
• SafeSeaNet: EU-wide electronic system for
maritime data exchange
• AIS: mandatory for fishing vessels
Accident investigation
• investigation after each very serious
casualties where EU interest are affected
• in line with IMO Code
• independent, professional bodies
• common methodology
• technical support by EMSA
• cooperation between investigating bodies
Compensation of
• Athens Convention of 2002 in EU legislation
• modernised carrier liability rules
• mandatory insurance system
• satisfactory compensation ceiling
• applies to
• all passengers who have purchased their tickets
in Europe
• all EU flagged ships
• all voyages to/from EU MS
Maritime insurance
• compulsory insurance for all ships in EU
• cover ceilings as in the LLMC-1996
• proof of insurance
• insurance certificate to be verified by PSC
• no certificate: penalties, e.g. ship may be
detained or even expelled
• Maritime transport is important for the EU
• Society will demand more safety and
environment protection from shipping
• Shipping will have to deliver this, also in hard
• The 3rd Maritime Safety Package is the new
milestone in this continued progress
Большое спасибо
(bal’shoye spasiba)