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How the IMO is meeting the
challenges of dealing with maritime
safety and security – an overview
Neil Frank R. Ferrer
Ocean Concerns Office
Department of Foreign Affairs
2010 Year of the Seafarer Forum
26 June 2010, Manila, Philippines
Preliminary remarks
• The role of the International Maritime
Organization (IMO) – development of
comprehensive regulatory framework for
international shipping
• Pillars of international maritime regulation:
new International Maritime Labour
• Jurisdiction of flag/port State
Preliminary remarks
• Work of the Maritime Safety Committee
– Proactive approach
– Highest practicable standards
– Wide acceptance
– Proper and effective implementation
– Consideration of capacity building
– Consensus decision-making
Preliminary remarks
• Cooperation with other international
organizations – e.g. ILO, IHO, ITU, ICAO,
• Participation of the industry and nongovernmental organizations
• Success of IMO regulations – decline of
ship losses and oil spills for the past four
Backdrop – Global economic
slowdown in 2009
• Contraction of world trade (about 10
• Low demand, excess tonnage – dramatic
collapse in freight rates; drop in ship
• All sectors affected – containerships, bulk
carriers, tankers
Backdrop – Global economic
slowdown in 2009
• Containerships have lost about USD20
• Expected economic recovery from 2010
• Maritime safety and security should not be
MSC 87 – major outcomes
• Adoption of amendments to SOLAS and
mandatory Codes
• Measures to enhance maritime security
• Goal-based new ship construction
• Long-range identification and tracking of
• Various decisions in relation to SubCommittees’ reports
MSC 87 – major outcomes
• Role of the human element
• Formal safety assessment
• Piracy and armed robbery against ships
• Work programme – endorsement of
unplanned outputs
• IMO/IACS Quality System Certification
Goal-based standards (GBS)
• Adoption of GBS for the construction of
bulk carriers and oil tankers and SOLAS
amendments to make GBS mandatory
• GBS Verification Guidelines
• Guidelines for information to be included
in a Ship Construction File
• GBS Trust Fund
Goal-based standards (GBS)
• Implementation of the verification scheme
• Timetable for implementation
• Generic GBS Guidelines
2010: Year of the seafarer
• Comprehensive revisions to the STCW
Convention and Code
• Go to sea campaign
• Shore leave for seafarers
• Incorporation of human element principles
into the Committee’s Guidelines
• Post-piracy care of seafarers
Piracy and armed robbery
against ships
• Revised Guidance for Governments and
• Revised Code of practice for investigation
• Promulgation of BMP and IRTC
• Djibouti Code of Conduct
• International cooperation – UNSC, CGPCS
Long-range identification and
tracking of ships (LRIT)
• Completion of the LRIT system – need to
accelerate the establishment of LRIT data
• Establishment of the International LRIT
data exchange
• Establishment of a distribution facility for
the provision of LRIT information to
security forces in the Gulf of Aden and the
western Indian Ocean
Concluding notes
• IMO’s continuing relevance; growth in
• Strong commitment and active
participation of Member States
• Challenges remain; need to maintain
effective and consistent global regulations
(as opposed to unilateral or regional
Concluding notes
• IMO Member State Audit Scheme
• Ensure effective application/enforcement
of IMO regulations
• Ratification of key IMO Conventions
• Marine casualty investigations
• Cooperation at various levels: sharing best
practices/lessons learned; information
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