Open BIM Interoperability

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Transcript Open BIM Interoperability

Open BIM Standards are the foundation of Interoperability

Deke Smith, FAIA

Executive Director building

SMART

Alliance © 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Agenda

• Open BIM Standards • Impact of Failure to Communicate • Scope of BIM • Managing Cost – Leveraging Resources • Role of International Framework Dictionary • Consensus Process • National BIM Standard Core Document • Lessons Learned

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

National Institute of Building Sciences

• 1974 - Public Law 93-383, Sect. 809 • Bridge between Private and Public Construction • Non-governmental – Unique 501c3 Organization • Unique in that it represents all disciplines in industry • Board includes - Architects, Engineers, Contractors, Insurers, Unions, Manufacturers, Legal, Housing, Vendors, Owners, Consumers, State & Federal Government, Codes & Standards, and Testing

An Authoritative Source of Innovative Solutions for the Built Environment

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Coordinating the Councils Councils and Programs of the Institute Share Knowledge in the WBDG and BIM

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

High-Performance Building Attributes Sustainable

• Energy Use • Water Use • Site design • Transportation • Materials

Aesthetics

• Architectural value • Connection to surroundings • Inviting

Safe/Secure

• Terrorism • Natural Hazards • Structural • Indoor Environmental Quality • Egress

Historic Preservation

• Maintaining character • Existing resources/materials

Functional

• Meeting occupant needs • Durable • Adaptation • Necessary services

Productive

• Necessary services • Inviting • Indoor Environmental Quality

Cost Effective

• Construction • Operation & maintenance • Occupants • Financing • Life-cycle costs

Accessible

• Disabled • Aging population • Obesity

Resilient

• Continuity of Operations • Independent • Structural © 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

USC College of Cinematic Arts $175M Project – Phase 2 (~$50M ) Phase 2 of project completion scheduled was for early 2011, but it was delivered 4 months ahead of schedule and cost $6.4M less than anticipated .

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Open BIM Standards

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Ways To Reduce Costs Civil Engineer Architect Structural Engineer Civil Engineer Building Owner Facilities Manager Constr.

Manager HVAC Engineer Govt.

Building Owner Industry Exchange Standard Facilities Manager Constr.

Manager Structural Engineer HVAC Engineer

©2007 OSCRE, Americas, Inc. © 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Scope of Information

Laws and regulations -Building regulations -Building specifications Knowledge databases -Best practise knowledge -Own practice Briefing -Functional req.

-Estimates -Conditions -Requirements Demolition, refurbishment -Rebuild -Demolition -Restoration Facility management -Letting, sale, operations -Maintenance -Guaranties Construction management -Scheduling -Logistics, 4D By Lars Bjørkhaug Illustrations by: Byggforsk, Olof Granlund, NBLN University of California, Stanford University Design and Analysis -Drawings, calculations Architect, engineer,… Modeling -Visualisation, 3D models Simulations -Comfort -Ventilation, heating -Energy -Light, sound -Insulation -Fire, usage -Environment -Life time predictions -Crowd behavior - Safety Costing - Initial cost - Life-cycle - Value Engineering Specifications -Specification sheets -Classification standards -Estimates, accounting Procurement -Product databases -Price databases © 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Failure To Communicate

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Integrated Project Delivery

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

www.wbdg.org

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Execution Planning

• Provides opportunity for partners to agree on outcomes.

• Start with the end in mind © 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

05/23/2011

A Cautionary Digital Tale of Virtual Design and Construction Insurance settlement related to a building information model shows that BIM without communication can be costly

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Model = Building

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Sutter Medical Center – Castro Valley – DPR Construction © 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Model = Reality

Graphics courtesy of Western States Fire Protection Co.

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Managing Cost

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Reversing the Trend

• building

SMART

Goal - Turn a stagnant or declining productivity curve to an exponentially improving one

2004 2008 2012 2014 2018 2022 2024 ….

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

We Must Change!

• NIST in 2004 identified $15.8B lost to lack of interoperability • $3 trillion industry with possible 30% waste • 40% of global raw materials are consumed by buildings • Facilities consume 40% of the energy • 65.2% of total U.S. electricity consumption • Facilities contribute 40% of the emissions • Facilities contribute 20% of land fills • U.S. is no longer the worlds largest consumer…but we did not slow down © 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Value of BIM

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

What is the cost of NOT doing BIM?

Documented ROI’s of: Project A: Project B: 36.7% 16.2% $13,083 $7,145 Project C: Project D: 376.0% 109.0% $201,125 $64,335 Project E: 1653.9% $3,453,221 Project F: 299.9% $665,700 See article by Dr. Raymond Issa, Pg 22 © 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Framework Dictionary

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

International Framework Dictionary

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

IFC - International Framework Dictionary

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Consensus Process

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

NBIMS Core

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First Step of Many

• Data Reference Model • Model Server Standards • Information Exchanges • Reference Standards

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Denmark

™ © 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Lessons Learned

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Lessons Learned 1. Difficult to capture & change business processes 2. Need something for technocrat as well as practitioner 3.

People don’t seem to share naturally 4. Not a technical problem – cultural 5. Balance management and technical needs 6. Must break down silos 7. Must use rules of governance 8. Need criteria and examples 9. Hard to keep volunteers engaged 10. Takes a long time – journey not project © 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

Your Action List

    

Join buildingSMART alliance

Consider Becoming a Sponsor –

Be recognized as a leader

www.buildingsmartalliance.org

Sign up for NBIMS Project Committee to vote!

Sign up for JBIM it’s free Suggested Reading

Building Information Modeling: A Strategic Implementation Guide – Smith & Tardif

BIM Handbook – Eastman, Teicholtz, Sacks & Liston

www.WBDG.org

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences

For additional information please contact: Deke Smith Birgitta Foster Executive Director Assisting Director [email protected]

[email protected]

Thank You

© 2011 National Institute of Building Sciences