Russian Cause and Effect

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Transcript Russian Cause and Effect

Russian Cause and Effect

World Studies

Russification

Cause • Gov’t faced with problems of liberal ideas.

Definition • Forced non-Russian people to use language, religion and customs.

Effect • Everyone had to accept.

Pan-Slavism

• Wanted to expand.

Cause Definition • Union of all Slavs under Russian leadership. Expansion into Asia and Ottoman Empire.

Effect • Expansion stopped with loss in the Crimean War in 1850’s, Russia lost border territory.

Emancipation Edict

Cause • Serfdom restricted labor pool, they were needed in factories.

Definition • Freed all serfs Effect • Compensated nobles with land. Serfs could not afford high priced land.

Nihilists

Cause • Radicals opposed Alexander II’s new policies.

Definition • A just society can only be created by building a completely new Russia.

Effect • Other groups began to pop up.

People’s Will

Cause • Radicals believed that the nobles large estates should be divided among the people.

Definition • Radicals using violence such as assassinations and bombings.

Effect • Made Alexander II more conservative.

Pogroms

Cause • Assassination of Alexander II, Nicholas II set new restrictions.

Definition • Heavy handed discrimination against minority groups, sponsored massacre of Jews.

Effect • Nicholas II overturned many of the reforms set in place by Alexander II

Russo-Japanese War

Cause • Over territory in China and Korea Definition • Japanese beat Russia Effect • Russia’s gov’t was exposed as weak and corrupt.

Bloody Sunday

Cause • Groups taking action after Russia’s loss.

Definition • Czar’s troops shot at a group of strikers who were delivering a petition to him.

Effect • Triggered the Revolution of 1905.

October Manifesto

Cause • Workers striking and demonstrating.

Definition • Promised individual liberties and provided the election of the Duma (Parliament).

Failure of the Revolution

• Failed to overthrow the Czar because… 1. Army remained loyal to the Czar.

2. French gave money to the Russian gov’t.

3. Revolutionary groups were not united in their goals.

THE END!!!