一年级数学认知能力训练活动课研究Curriculum Development of First

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Transcript 一年级数学认知能力训练活动课研究Curriculum Development of First

一年级数学 认知能力 训练活动课研究

Curriculum Development of First grade Math Cognitive Training

Huang Yan, The Experimental School Attached TO Sichuan Normal University , Chengdu

认知能力

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智力

Cognitive skills Intelligence

注意 Attention 思维 Thinking 观察 Observation 想象 Imagination 记忆 Memory

发现问题

Discovering problem

一年级的新生入学伊始,就在学习习惯和学习能力上存在着较大的个体差异。

Great individual differences of study habits and learning capacity rest in the very beginning of first-grade freshman

• 生活常识 • Common sense of life • 感悟力差 • Lack of perception • • • • 专注地倾听 • Listen attentively 细致地观察 • Observe carefully 完整地表述 • Express clearly 记忆力、思维灵活性、想象力 • Memory, thinking of flexibility and imagination

原因分析

Cause analysis

• 遗传因素 • Genetic factor0

— 6

岁阶段家长对孩子认知能力与习惯培养的重视程度 • The importance of cognitive ability training and habit

cultivation that parents attach to their children age 0-6

• 早教误区 • Blind spots of Early Year’s Education 重知识而轻认知能力培养

Emphasize knowledge teaching, ignore cognitive ability training

重技能而轻习惯培养

Emphasize skills teaching, ignore habit development

• 学校课堂教学的局限性 • Limitation of classroom teaching

解决办法

Solution

• 认知能力的训练引入课堂 • Classroom teaching with introduction of cognitive

ability training

游戏化 情景化 专门化

Game-based Scenario-based Specialized

• 相关资料的收集和整理

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形成成果 • Related information gathering – process to

achievement

教师用 家长用

For the use of teacher For the use of parents

观察与记忆

Observe and Memorize

• 观察的敏锐性 与精细性

Exact sharpness of observation

• 你看到了什么? •

What do you see?

• 什么东西不见了? •

What is missing?

• 观察的方法

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有序观察 • Method of observation – Observe

in order

• 观察力训练与审题习惯培养的有机结合 • Mutual integration of observation ability

training and habit development of question examination

注意力 • • 拍掌游戏 写数游戏

Hand Games

85314760 … • Number writing games • 听故事,捉迷藏 • Listen to stories, hide-and-seek

感知觉能力

Perceptual ability

• 数感的培养 • Number sense training • 估计能力 • Ability to estimate • 空间感 • Spatial sense

• 数豆子 •

Beans counting

数感的培养

Number sense training

• 猜

糖果

Candy guessing

• 点子图 •

Idea Map

• 小棒游戏

Game of small stick

估一估,数一数

Let’s estimate and count

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

十位

Ten-digits

个位

Single-digit

十位

Ten-digits

个位

Single-digit

计算能力的培养

Training of calculating ability

• 游戏竞赛 •

Competition

• 活动体验 •

Activity experiencing

• 合理有效的练习

Sound and effective practise

6

估计能力

Ability to estimate

厨房的秘密 ”系列活动

Series of activities - “Kitchen’s

secret”

思维能力

Thinking ability

思维灵活性、开放性的培养

Training of flexible and open thinking

• 颠倒说 •Say it in

reversed order

• 纸能用来做什么? •

What can paper be used for?

• 故事接龙 •

Story domino

谢谢老师们的聆听!

Thank you for your listening!