I Can See It All Over Your Face

download report

Transcript I Can See It All Over Your Face

I Can See It All Over Your Face

Background

 Paul Ekman – Leading researcher in facial expression and emotion  Ekman/Friesen conducted similar studies before  College students exposed to other cultures  Do facial expressions correspond universally to basic emotions?

Experiment

 Ekman/Friesen traveled to the Southeast of New Guinea to find subjects Highlands among the Fore people (Stone Age society)  189 adults, 130 children out of 11,000  Never seen a movie, lived elsewhere, spoke English, been outside the country, or experienced western culture  Ekman/Friesen wrote stories and the subjects were asked to identify which story corresponded with which face (western faces of men, women, children all used)

Results

 No differences between men and women, or adults and children, in identifying emotion  The distinguishing between fear and surprise was the most missed connection  The general results: Adult average correct: 75.8 % Children average correct: 89.6%

Discussion

 With cultural differences, facial expressions of emotions are universal.

 Facial expressions for emotion appear to be innate, rather than learned (and not culture specific)  Through evolution, humans developed the ability to identify potentially threatening emotions (anger) more easily

Recent Applications

 Recent studies found that children with autism appear to have difficulty recognizing facial expressions  Ekman’s studies played a fundamental role in cross cultural psychology research  Eyebrows are the most important feature when determining emotion facial

Conclusion

 Facial Feedback Theory: The expression on your face feeds information to your brain to help you interpret the emotion you are feeling  Facial expressions may indicate lying

I Can See It All Over Your Face