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REGIONAL TRAINS IN SPAIN :
The Regional Trains in the New Railway Model
Victoriano Sanz Losada
March 31st, 2004
1
SUMMARY
I.
A NEW RAILWAY MODEL IN SPAIN
II.
RENFE
III. RENFE REGIONAL TRAINS PRESENTATION
2
IV.
RENFE REGIONAL TRAINS STRATEGY
V.
RENFE REGIONAL TRAINS FUTURE
VI.
ANNEXES
I.
3
A NEW RAILWAY MODEL IN SPAIN
1. Starting Point (I)
SPANISH RAILWAY NETWORK OPERATIONS
• Companies that operate today in Spain:
• STATE-OWNED :
• National: RENFE (SPANISH RAILWAYS)
• Regional: FEVE (WIDE-GUAGE SPANISH RAILWAYS)
• SELF-GOVERNING:
• Regional: Baleares, Cataluña, Valencia and País Vasco
• Urban: Metros Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia and Bilbao (under construction underground
railways in Sevilla and Málaga)
• OPERATION DATA
• RENFE (SPANISH RAILWAYS): 12,319 Km.
• FEVE (WIDE-GUAGE SPANISH RAILWAYS): 1,194 Km.
• SELF-GOVERNING: 661 Km.
4
1. Starting Point (II): MAP OF SPANISH RAILWAY NETWORK
Self-governing companies
FEVE (Wide-guage Spanish
railway) network zone
State-owned Railway Network
managed by RENFE (Spanish
Railway)
High-speed line Madrid-Sevilla
managed by RENFE (Spanish
Railway)
5
2. SYNTHESIS OF THE NEW REGULATION FRAMEWORK (I)
SAFEGUARD THE
PLURALITY OF THE OFFER
OF RAIL SERVICES ON THE
GENERAL INTEREST RAIL
NETWORK
MINISTRY FOR
PUBLIC WORKS AND
DEVELOPMENT
RAILWAY
AUTHORITY
licences
General rail policy
Strategic planning
.
REGULATORY
BODY
Buildinn and
managing orders
Public interest
services
SERVICE
PROVIDERS
Build
Manage
railway
infraestructure
INFRAESTRUCTURE
MANAGER
Allocation of
capacity
SERVICES SUPPLIERS
6
RAILWAYS
UNDERTAKINGS
Railway
transport
service s
supppliers
3. Price Regime for Rendering Rail Services
 On the part of the ADIF, for rendering additional complementary and auxiliary rail services to
third parties, in a free competition and Private Law regime, as well as the commercial use of its
installations and spaces available.
 They will have the character of Private Prices.
 They will be approved annually by the ADIF and sent to the Ministry of Promotion.
 The amount will be fixed depending on the type of activity, the rail interest and its economic relevance.
7
4. Railway of General Interest (RFIG) (I)
 Integrated railway structures that are ESSENTIAL to guarantee a common railway transport system all
over Spain.
 Corresponding to the Ministry of Works, the INCLUSION/EXCLUSION, in/from the RFIG, of the
railway infrastructures when justified for GENERAL INTEREST reasons.
 Comprising of:
8

All infrastructures that are in force under the Law being managed by RENFE (Spanish Railway).

Those whose administration is not GIF-controlled.

Those whose administration comes under the Port Authority of Ports of General Interest as well
as those in General Interest Airports.

The wide-guage network managed by FEVE.
4. Railway of General Interest (RFIG) (II)
• Planning
• Project and Construction
• Administration
• Access
• Network
• Capacity Allocation
9
4. Railway of General Interest (RFIG) (III)
 That performed by railway undertakings using appropriate vehicles that circulate around the RFIG.
 Are considered to be a PUBLIC INTEREST SERVICE a receives the qualification of GENERAL AND
ESSENTIAL GENERAL INTEREST SERVICE for the Community.
 Offered under the regime of FREE COMPETITION, without damaging the declaration of the
determined railway services such as PUBLIC INTEREST SERVICES.
 To provide railway transport services the following is required:
10

RAILWAY UNDERTAKING LICENSE

SAFETY CERTIFICATE
II.
11
RENFE
1. RENFE’s figures (I)
12
1. RENFE’s figures (II)
13
2. RENFE’s Organization Chart
14
2. RENFE’s Organization Chart
15
3. INECO (I)
16
3. INECO (II)
PRESIDENCIA
CHAIRMAN
Antonio
AntonioFernández
FernándezGilGil
D.Corporativa
D.G.Corporative
Juan Torrejón
Financial
Jorge del Fresno
RRHHResources
y Asuntos
Human
Generales
Mª Eugenia Ortiz
eInternational
Internacional.
Antonio
Monfort
Monfort
Control de Gestión
D.Consultoría
D.G.Consultancy
Javier Cos
D.Aeronautic
Ing. Y Sist.
D.G.
Eng.
&
Aeronáuticos
Systems
D. Ing. Y Sist.
D.G.Railways
and
Metro Eng.
& Systems
Ferroviarios
Juan Batanero
Transporte
Ground
Transport
Terrestre Aeronautical Systems Telecommunicatio
Instalaciones y
s
&
Installations
Agustín
Barriobero
Julio Bermejo
Jorge Galán
Agustín
Barriobero
Aeropuertos
Airports
and y
Transporte
Aéreo
Air Transport
Manuel
Sauca
Sauca
Proyectos
Airport
Projects
Aeroportuarios
José
LuisPena
Pena
Jose
Luis
Medio Ambiente
Environment
Plan Barajas
Barajas
Plan
Sebastián
Sebastián Milanés
Milanés
Enrique Pérez
Estructuras
Structures
Javier Cortezo
Vía y&Explotación
Track
Exploitation
Moisés
Gilabert
Moisés
Gilabert
Railway
& Metro
Sistemas
Ferroviarios
Systems
JavierGallego
Gallego
Javier
D.G Mngmnt & Maintenance
Railway
and
Metro Works
de obra
y Mantenimiento
Jose
MªMª
Urgoiti
Urgoiti
Railway and Metro
Projects
Jesús
Planchuelo
Jesús
Planchuelo
Railway
Gestiónand
de Metro
Obras
Works
Management
Ferroviarias
Eugenio
EugenioÁlvarez
Álvarez
Civil Works
Gestión
de Obras
Management
Civiles
Jose
Miguel
José
Miguel Bueno
Bueno
Mantenimiento
Maintenance
Delegación Sevilla
Seville Delegation
Luis
Errazquin
Errazquin
17
Carreteras
Roads
Ignacio Nuche
III.
18
RENFE REGIONAL TRAINS PRESENTATION
1. Regional Trains
 Distances of more than 300 kms.  National Trip  Distance between stations of circa 150 kms.
 Distances between 30 and 300 kms.  Regional Trip Distance between stations from 20
to 50 kms.
 Distances from 10 to 30 kms.  Commuter trip  With a separation of de 800 m. between stations.
 Distances of less than 500 m. of separation between stations.  Urban transport.
19
2. Regional Trains and other Business Units
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
Year
2002
49
40
25
24
28
18
8
COMMUTER
REGIONAL
Seats/Km
20
* Data in percentage
8
AVE
Production
G. LINEAS
2. Regional Trains and other Business Units (II)
Year 2002
* Data in percentage
40
40
38
36
35
30
30
25
20
20
12 13
15
11
10
5
0
COMMUTER
REGIONAL
Income
21
AVE
VKM
G. LINEAS
3. Mision and Vision of the Enterprise
 Mision: giving the railway regional service in a conventional high speed railway making
compatible the enterprise criteria and the public service in accordance with the current
regulation..
 Vision
22

To optimize the efficiency of the given public sources

To achieve the highest efficiency in the mission development

To respect the territorial structure of the regions
4. Cultural Values of the Enterprise
 Cultural Values
23

The satisfaction of the institucional and private clients as the ultimate target of our business.

The efficiency and transparency in the management.

The human and professional development of the organization.

The rescpect to the environment as a clue of the sostainable development.

The compromise with the quality.
5. Regional Organization
REGION
GALICIA
REGION
REGION
NORTE
CATALUÑA
Staff: 173
Parque:
27
REGION
CENTRO
Staff: 254
Parque:
42
Staff : 393
Parque:
64
Staff : 369
Parque:
54
REGION
ANDALUCIA
24
Staff : 287
Parque:
34
IV.
25
RENFE REGIONAL TRAINS STRATEGY
1. RENFE Framework Program (I)
Framework Program
% Ocupation
% Costs/Incomes
Obligations of the
Public Service
• Comercial Services
• Services agreed with
Voivodeships
26
1. RENFE Framework Program (II)
Subsidized by the
State in the C-P
1994
21 Mill. Kms.
FRAMEWORK-PROGRAMM
6 Mil. Kms.
REDUCCION
FINANCING
BY EN
SERVICIOS
AA.LÍNEAS
CC.
DE
DEBIL TRAFCO
27
REDUTION OF
SERVICES IN LINES OF
LOW TRAFFIC
15.781 2.
NAVARRA 24.656
P.VASCO
15.808
GALICIA
CANTABRIA
459.662
Regional Contracts (I)
LA RIOJA
CASTILLA Y LEON
568.410
Convenio
Denunciado
1.102.548
31.270
CATALUÑA
ARAGON
768.066
196.380
TALAVERA
327.954
CASTILLA-LA MANCHA
EXTREMADURA
276.762
VALENCIA
254.564
MURCIA
192.660
ANDALUCIA
2.363.307
Train km per year
Agreed with local and regional Institutions
28
2. Regional Contracts (II)
Ferrol
A CORUÑA
Reinosa
LUGO
Alsasua
Monforte de L.
ORENSE
PAMPLONA
VITORIA
Mataporquera
Canfranc
La Pobla
LOGROÑO
Puebla de S.
Binefar
SORIA
LERIDA
VALLADOLID
Caspe
Fayón
ZARAGOZA
MADRID
TERUEL
Talavera
Plasencia
CUENCA
CACERES
Caudiel
VALENCIA
Puertollano
Xativa
BADAJOZ
Alcoi
Linares B.
Zafra
MURCIA
Cartagena
GRANADA
SEVILLA
•SERVICES AGREED WITH VOIV.
ALMERIA
MALAGA
ALGECIRAS
29
•CLOSED LINES
3. Strategy
 Areas with higher potential demand
 Disposition of the appropriate material
Acquisition of new material: the TRD
Transformation of the obsolete material :
593 -> 596
592 -> 592-200
440 -> 470
 Less stops and higher speed
 Corporate Image
30
A CORUÑA
IRÚN
SANTIAGO
PONTEVEDRA
LEON
VIGO
GIRONA
VALLADOLID
BARCELONA
REUS
TARRAGONA
MADRID
TORTOSA
TOLEDO
CIUDAD
REAL
VALENCIA
ALBACETE
CORDOBA
ALICANTE
SEVILLA
JAEN
GRANADA
ALMERIA
CADIZ
MALAGA
31
FIGUERAS
3.2 New rolling stock and new technologies
Automotors diesel 594 TRD
Velocity Max. 160 Kms/h
126 seats
32
Tilting TRD
AXE “BRAVA”
SIBI System(Improvement of
the curving velocity)
Changes of the width of axes to
a velocity of 20 kms/h
3.2 Upgrading of Rolling Stock
596
448-R
33
470
592-200
3.3 Less stops and higher speed
80
Commercial Velocity (Kms/h)
71,21
70
60
50
50
40
30
20
10
0
1994
34
2002
REGIONALS NETS
•Intra-regional distances
• High number of stops
EXPRESS NETS
•Interregional distances
• In major mobility lines
• Better comfort
• Minimal time of the journey
TRD NETS
•Comerciales characteristics of the express
• Exploitation with the Diesel material S/594
35
4. Traffic evolution 1994-2002 (thousands)
35000
32.462
30000
26.356
26.320
25000
21.054
20000
15000
10000
5000
0
1994
2002
Viajeros
36
Kms - Tren
Lineal (Viajeros)
5. Enterprise evolution 1994-2004
220000
170000
186.433
143.695
120000
106.561
60.047
70000
19.708
20000
-30000
3.858
Operation Costs
Traffic Incomes
Incomes of the voivod.
-65.017
-80000
1994
37
OP
2002
-53.797
30.000
22.985
25.000
21.710
22.324
23.938
21.054 21.390
Suppression
C.P. Services
15.000
26.324
26.320
Net TRD
Salamanca
Net TRD
Galicia
20.000
24.807
24.405
25.768
Net TRD
Andalucía
14.898 15.091
15.518
12.966
11.130
8.154
10.000
6.286
3.783 4.318 4.276
5.099
Aragón
Express
5.000
Cataluña
0
Express
1992
Andalucía
Express
1993
Castilla-León
Express
Coast of
Galicia
1994
1995
1996
1997
V. TOTALES
38
Express Services
in Madrid-Toledo
1998
1999
V. EXPRES
2000
2001
2002
V.
39
RENFE REGIONAL TRAINS IN THE FUTURE
1. Environmet Changes
 Opening to the Competition
 New Railway Model
 New Infrastructures
40
2. New Strategies: Iris Project
 Change of cultural values
 New Products and New Markets
 High Speed Regional Trains
41

OFFER ORIENTED TO MINIMAL COMMUNITIES BETWEEN 10.000-15.000 INHAB.

HIGH COMMERCIAL VELOCITY : TRIP TIME COMPETITIVE WITH THE AUTOROUTE AND SELECTIVE NUMBER
OF STOPS

HIGH FREQUENCY OF THE SERVICES

HIGH SERVICE VEHICULES : COMFORT, AIR CONDITION, ETC.

TOLERANCE OF THE DEMAND TO HIGHER TARIFFES
3. Future Rolling Stock
 21 new Diesel locomotives (2004)
 20 vehicles for High Speed Regional Trains
 New electric trains
42
Annex: Reorganisation of Public Railway Sector
PATRIMONY TRANSFER
FIXED ASSET REARRAGEMENT
Nowadays Model
RENFE
Future Model
ADIF
Fixed asset
INFRASTRUCTURE (HS)
Conventional network
HS (GIF)
High Speed (HS)
HS(RENFE)
Transport Operator
HS(ESTADO)
GIF
Fixed asset (HS)
STATE
INFRASTRUCTURE (HS)
RENFE-OPERADORA
Transport Operator
STATE
INFRASTRUCTURE
CONVENTIONAL NETWORK
(RENFE)
43
DEBT ASSUMTION
Nowadays Model
RENFE
INFRAESTRUCTURE
DEBT
HISTORICAL DEBT
ASSUMED
BY THE STATE
OPERATOR DEBT
Future Model
ADIF
10% INFRASTRUCTURE
DEBT
HISTORICAL DEBT
ASSUMED
BY THE STATE
RENFE-OPERADORA
OPERATOR DEBT
STATE
90% INFRAESTRUCTURE
DEBT
44
PLAN 2000 - 2007

To communicate all the regional capitals with Madrid in less than
4 hours

Increase of the market share of the railway up to 30%

Increase de passenger demand up to 68 millon/year (Long
Distance + Regionales)
•Decrease of time of journey
•High quality services
45
TARGETS
Annex: Distance (in time) from Madrid
A CORUÑA
SANTIAGO
PONTEVEDRA
VIGO
LUGO
ORENSE
SANTANDER BILBAO S. SEBASTIAN
OVIEDO
IRÚN
VITORIA
PAMPLONA
LOGROÑO
PONFERRAD
LEON
HUESCA
A
BURGOS
P. SANABRIA PALENCI
SORI
A
VALLADOLID
ZAMORA
ZARAGOZ
A
A
SEGOVIA
SALAMANCA
GUADALAJAR
AVILA
A
TERUEL
MADRID
CUENCA
PLASENCIA
BADAJOZ
TARRAGONA
VALENCIA
MERIDA
CIUDAD
REAL
ALBACET
E
ALICANTE
CORDOBA
MURCIA
SEVILLA
JAEN GRANADA
HUELVA
<=1 HORA
<=2 HORAS
ALMERIA
CADIZ
MALAGA
ALGECIRA
S
46
BARCELONA
CASTELLÓN
TOLEDO
CÁCERES
GIRONA
LLEIDA
<=3 HORAS
<=4 HORAS
SANTANDER
A CORUÑA
SANTIAGO
BURGOS
LEON
PAMPLONA
PALENCIA
LOGROÑO
VIGO
FRONTERA
HUESCA
GIRONA
LLEIDA
VALLADOLID CALATAYUD
SEGOVIA
SALAMANCA
ZARAGOZA
BARCELONA
GUADALAJARA
TERUEL
TARRAGONA
TORTOSA
AVILA
MADRID
TOLEDO
VALENCIA
CIUDAD
REAL
Annex: Future High
ALBACETE
Speed Regional
PUERTOLLANO
CORDOBA
ALICANTE
Trains
MURCIA
SEVILLA
GRANADA
High Speed
BOBADILLA
MALAGA
CADIZ
47
ALMERIA
Mixed Journeys