ASER PAKISTAN

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Transcript ASER PAKISTAN

ASER PAKISTAN
A Citizen Led Initiative
Balochistan Launch
18th Feb 2014
ASER PARTNERS
10,000 Volunteers – Citizens – Youth !
ASER PAKISTAN 2010-2015
•
Citizen led large scale national household survey
(3-16 years).
•
Quality of education in rural and some urban
areas (5-16 years).
•
Seeks to provide evidence on learning and access.
•
Influence National & Provincial policy and actions
for Right To Education (RTE) Article 25-A.
•
Provides information for tracking MDG/EFA trends
and targets up to 2015.
•
Influencing goal setting for Post-2015 agenda.
ASER ASSESSMENT TOOLS
ASER Assessment tools :
1. LEARNING
•Reading (Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto)
•Arithmetic
•English
Assessments are based on Class II level
curriculum for English & Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto
and Class III level for Arithmetic.
2. HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
3. SCHOOL SURVEY – GOVERNMENT & PRIVATE
Scale of the Survey
28
Districts (Rural)
1
District (Urban*)
53,412 Children (3-16 years) | 783 Schools | 839 Villages | 16,592 Households
* Quetta
FINDINGS
Enrollment (6-16 Years)
RURAL
66%
34%
Out of school children
(6-16 Years)
RURAL
District wise map showing % children
Not surveyed/Incomplete
Data
% Children (6-16 years)
who are not in school
Gender Comparison
Out of School Children (6-16 years)
RURAL
Out-of-school children by gender 6 to 16 years
Boys
Girls
% Children
50
40
30
20
10
21
17
12
13
17
2011
2012
2013
12
0
The proportion of out of school children (girls & boys) has
remained the same this year
Class Wise Enrollment
RURAL
2011
2012
2013
% Children
40
30
20
10
19
18
9
15
12
8
6
6
4
3
5
6
Class
7
8
9
10
0
1
2
3
4
Enrollment decreases as class level increases
QUALITY
LEARNING LEVELS
URDU
RURAL
49
%
children in class 5 can read
Story in Urdu.
LEARNING LEVELS
URDU
RURAL
Children who can read story Urdu
2011
2012
2013
% Children
100
72
80
49
60
40
20
6
14
0
Class 3
Class 4
Class 5
Class 6
Learning levels remain poor: 51% of the children from Class 5
cannot read Class 2 level story in 2013 as compare to 64% in
2012.
LEARNING LEVELS
URDU
District wise map showing % children
who can read story (Class 2 level)
RURAL
(Class 5)
Not surveyed/Incomplete
Data
% Children in class 5 who
can read story
LEARNING LEVELS
ENGLISH
RURAL
29
%
children in class 5 can
read Sentences in English
LEARNING LEVELS
ENGLISH
Children who can read English sentences
2011
2012
RURAL
2013
% Children
100
80
62
60
29
40
20
4
11
0
Class 3
Class 4
Class 5
Class 6
Learning levels English remain poor: 71% of Class 5 children cannot
read sentence in English (Class 2 level) in 2013 as compared to
68% in 2012.
LEARNING LEVELS
ENGLISH
District wise map showing % children
who can read sentences (Class 2 level)
RURAL
(Class 5)
Not surveyed/Incomplete
Data
% Children in class 5 who
can read sentences
LEARNING LEVELS
ARITHMETIC
RURAL
39
%
children in class 5 can do
2-digit division
LEARNING LEVELS
ARITHMETIC
RURAL
Children who can do division
2011
2012
2013
% Children
100
80
62
60
39
40
20
4
10
Class 3
Class 4
0
Class 5
Class 6
Arithmetic learning levels remain poor: 61% of class 5 children
cannot do division in 2013 as compared to 66% in 2012.
LEARNING LEVELS
ARITHMETIC
District wise map showing % children
who can do division (Class 3 level)
RURAL
(Class 5)
Not surveyed/Incomplete
Data
% Children in class 5 who
can do division
LEARNING LEVELS
BY GENDER (5-16 YEARS)
RURAL
Learning levels by gender
English
80
60
40
35
25
20
0
Boys
Girls
Who can read at least sentences
% Children
% Children
100
100
80
60
40
20
0
Learning levels by gender
Arithmetic
100
31
23
% Children
Learning levels by gender
Urdu
80
60
40
33
24
20
0
Boys
Girls
Who can read at least words
Boys
Girls
Who can at least do subtraction
Girls continue to lag behind boys in language and arithmetic competencies.
Learning levels of children enrolled
in private schools are better
LEARNING LEVELS
TYPE OF SCHOOL
Learning levels by school type Urdu
100
80
60
40
20
0
61
Private
Government
73
30
36
48
62
% Children
% Children
Government
Learning levels by school type English
100
80
60
40
20
0
•
19
28
48
Learning levels by school type Arithmetic
Government
% Children
•
48% of children in government schools (Class 5)
while 62% of children in private schools can read a
story in Urdu.
28% of children in government schools while 48%
of children in private schools (Class 5) can read
sentences in English.
39% of children in government schools while 40%
of children in private schools (Class 5) can do
division. .
44
Class 1: Can read Class 3: Can read Class 5: Can read
at least small
at least words at least sentences
letters
Class 1: Can read Class 3: Can read Class 5: Can read
at least letters at least sentences at least story
•
13
27
Private
100
80
60
40
20
0
26
34
26
Private
28
Class 1: Can
Class 3: Can at
recognize at least
least do
numbers (10-99)
subtraction
39
40
Class 5: Can at
least do division
ADDITIONAL LEARNING SUPPORT
PAID TUITION
Children attending paid tuition
Government schools
Private schools
100
% Children
80
60
40
20
30
18
16
2
0
2011
1
2012
2
2013
Children in private school are more inclined to take paid tuition
ADDITIONAL LEARNING SUPPORT
Province / Territory wise map showing
% children
PAID TUITION
RURAL
% Children (5-16 years)
attending paid tuition
LEARNING LEVELS
OUT OF SCHOOL CHILDREN
RURAL
Learning levels: out-of-school
children English
100
80
80
67
60
40
20
15
8
5
5
0
Beginner Letters
Words Sentences
100
75
80
60
60
60
40
40
20
Learning levels: out-of-school
children Arithmetic
% Children
100
% Children
% Children
Learning levels: out-of-school
children Urdu
9
7
4
4
0
Beginner Capital
letters
Small
letters
16
20
Words Sentences
15
4
4
0
Beginner
Number
Number Subtraction
recognition recognition
1-9
10-99
Story
25% out of school children are at more than ‘beginner’
level
Division
School Attendance &
Facilities
ATTENDANCE
TEACHER
RURAL
Teacher attendance in private primary schools is better than government
primary schools
ATTENDANCE
CHILDREN
RURAL
Children attendance in private primary schools is better than government
primary schools
MULTI-GRADE TEACHING
Government
Private
100
% Schools
80
60
62
40
20
14
17
21
0
Class 2
Class 8
Multi-grade teaching in class 2 is higher than 50% in
government schools.
BASIC FACILITIES
GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOL
RURAL
25%
29%
17%
Basic facilities in schools are still missing: 71% government primary schools do not
have drinkable water facility, 75% do not have complete boundary walls and 83%
do not have usable toilets.
Dissemination with a
Difference!
Mobilizing a Citizens’
Movement for Quality
Education in Pakistan
ASER Dissemination
Segmented Groups for
Accountability & Action
o ASER Baithaks/Jirgas/Katcheries (village/area gatherings)
stakeholders: parents, communities, children, teachers . teachers,
parents, children, government field officials to demand ACTION FOR
IMPROVEMENT!
o Teacher Unions & Associations Baithaks
o District/Provincial/Federal Education & Literacy Departments
 (Local, District, Provincial, National & International)
o Youth Groups - mobilizing Ambassadors for Learning
o Parliamentarians – politicians knocking on the doors in their
constituencies
o Judiciary & Judicial Academies- evidence backed judgments on 25 A
o Academia/University /Research Groups - Pakistan & Abroad
o Civil Society Organizations – nationwide- globally
o Social Media
o Media – Media – Media !
Supporters of ASER Pakistan
Thank You