Transcript No Slide Title
Upward Bound ACT Prep ACT Reading Test
Copyright 2000 mjt
Reading Statistics What type? Prose/Fiction What is it? Novel, short story Number of questions Percentage of test 10 25% Humanities Art, music, dance, architecture, theatre, philosophy 10 25% Social Science Natural Science Sociology, psychology, economics, political science, anthropology Biology, chemistry, physics, earth science, space science 10 10 25% 25% Each passage contains about 750 words...
Of the 40 questions, 14 are
and 26 are
The Key to ACT Reading
Read quickly, but actively...
Look for a general outline...
Don’t worry about details...
Look for key words...
Know Where You Are Going...
For example: 1.
I can’t believe my good luck! The one time I buy a lottery ticket, I _______________.
As their habitat is destroyed, wild animals _____________.
Look for structural clues: • Indicating a contrast:
but, however, on the other hand, neverthless.
• Indicating a contribution with a similar or complementary thought:
moreover, furthermore, ; (semicolon).
• Indicating a conclusion:
for a conclusion:
since, because of, due to.
• Indicating an example of illustration:
for instance, for example.
Three Step Reading Approach
1. Preread the passage
: • Quickly work through the passage.
• Anticipate how the parts of the passage will fit together.
• Understand the main idea.
• Underline key points, jot down note, or label each paragraph.
• DON’T READ SLOWLY.
• DON’T GET BOGGED DOWN WITH DETAILS .
2. Consider the question stem.
♦ Don’t let the answer choices direct your thinking.
♦Think about the question stem without looking at the choices.
3. Refer to the passage.
♦ Don’t trust your memory ♦ Don’t confine yourself to the EXACT words used in the passage.
♦ Your answer should match the passage - not exact vocabulary.
Types of ACT Passages 1. Prose Fiction: ♦ Not a well-structured essay.
♦ Won’t break down into an orderly outline.
♦ Pay attention to the story and characters.
♦ Answer these questions: ♦ Who are these people? (What are they like?) ♦ What is their state of mind?
♦ What is going on?
2. Nonfiction: Social Science - Natural Science - Humanities ♦ Illustrations, graphs, tables may be included.
♦ Read to understand the ideas rather than analyzing experiments and data.
♦ Don’t panic with unfamiliar vocabulary.
♦ Don’t get lost in complex details - read for the main idea.
Types of Questions
1. Specific detail questions.
♦ When given a specific line, ALWAYS read the few lines before and after it.
2 . Inference Questions.
♦ Something that’s not stated explicitly in the passage, but is definitely said implicitly.
♦ Key words:
suggest, infer, inference, imply.
♦ “Read between the lines”.
3. Big Picture Questions:
♦ Main points ♦ Author’s attitude or tone ♦ Logic underlying the author’s argument ♦ How ideas in different parts of the passage relate to each other ♦ Difference between fact and opinion.
Running Out of Time?
♦ Don’t spend time re-reading the passage… ♦ Scan the questions without reading the passage and look first for the ones that mention line numbers or specific paragraphs. Do these first, then the others.