Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

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Transcript Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

Resource Conservation
and Recovery Act (RCRA)
SAFE 210
 Protect human health and environment from the
potential hazards of waste disposal
 Conserve energy and natural resources
 Reduce the amount of waste generated
 Ensure that wastes are managed in an
environmentally sound manner
Major Amendments
 Enacted in 1976 (as an amendment to the Solid
Waste Disposal Act of 1965)
 1984 – Hazardous and Solid Waste
Amendments (HSWA)
Major Programs/Subtitles
 Subtitle C:
Hazardous Waste
 Subtitle D: Solid Waste
 Subtitle I: Underground storage tanks
Subtitle C: Hazardous Waste
Management Program
What is Hazardous Waste?
 Solid waste – Any garbage, refuse, sludge from
a waste treatment plant, water supply treat
 Hazardous waste – A solid waste or combination
of solid wastes that lead to an increase in illness
or mortality or poses a hazard (or potential
hazard) to human health or environment when
improperly stored, treated, transported or
Some Excluded Hazardous Waste
 Domestic sewage
 Irrigation waters or industrial discharges allowed
under the CWA
 Nuclear material regulated by the Atomic Energy
 Household wastes
 Certain mining and mineral processing wastes
What is Hazardous Waste?
 Listed wastes
F, K, P, and U lists
 Characteristic wastes
Typical Wastes Generated by
 Vehicle maintenance
 Printing industry
 Paper industry
 Metal manufacturing
Acids, bases, reactive & ignitable
Paint wastes, ignitable wastes,
spent solvents
Heavy metals, inks
Ignitable & corrosive wastes, inks
Acids/bases,, cyanide wastes,
sludges containing heavy metals
“Cradle to Grave”
Applies to those who:
 generate
 recycle
 transport
 treat
 store
 dispose
Generators - Classifications
 Large Quantity Generator
Generates greater than 1000 kg/mo (5 drums)
 Small Quantity Generator
Generates 100 kg/mo to 1000 kg/mo (1/2 drum
- 5 drums)
 Conditionally Exempt SQG
Generates less than 100 kg/mo (1/2 drum)
Generators - Responsibilities
 Tracking
Identification number
Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest
 Package/mark/label waste
 File biennial reports (LQG)
Specific Generator
Large quantity generator
90 day storage limit
Contingency plan
Documented training
45 day exception reports
Small quantity generator
180 day storage limit (270 days if >200 miles)
Undocumented training
60 day exception reports
 Comply with DOT provisions for labeling,
marking, placarding, and using proper containers
 EPA ID Number
 Maintain manifests
 Spill cleanup
Treatment, Storage, and Disposal
(TSD) Facilities
Some requirements include:
EPA ID number
Physical and chemical analysis
Inspection plan
Contingency plan
Biennial reports
Closure/post closure
Tracking & Permitting Systems
Tracking System
 EPA Identification Number
 Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest
Permitting System
 Precautions to manage waste
Land Disposal Restrictions
Requires treatment before land disposal
Types of land disposal include:
- Landfills
- Surface impoundments
- Underground injection wells
- Waste piles
The State’s Role
 Oversee hazardous waste tracking system
 Operate the permitting system
 Ensure public participation requirements are met
 Act as enforcement
Subtitle D: MSW and Industrial
Solid Waste
 Municipal solid waste (MSW)
Trash generated homes, industries, and commercial
and institutional offices
 Industrial solid waste/industrial hazardous waste
Wastes and wastewaters generated by
manufacturing processes that are not considered