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“Agriculture: Turning
promises
into realities on the ground”
Coordination amongst development partners
Niger, Burkina Faso and Ghana
CNPFP/N
April 2011
Sébastien Fourmy
Oxfam France
Field Mission
• 3 West African countries: Niger, Burkina Faso, Ghana
• Interviews:
– Bilateral international development agencies (heads of the
rural sector, agriculture, food security departments , etc.)
– Multilaterals (FAO, WFP, UNDP, World Bank, EU, etc.)
– Ministries of Agriculture, Economics and Finance; Food
Crisis Management bodies
• Partner Organisations:
– Farmers’ platform of Niger (PFPN);
– Farmers’ confederation of Burkina Faso (CPF);
– Farmers’ Organisation Network of Ghana (FONG)
Context
Agriculture: neglected by ODA (1/3)
Context
Neglected by national investments (2/3)
Niger: 2008 budget secteur rural
Ghana: 2008 MoFA budget
6%
1%
20%
36%
63%
74%
Development partners
Government
IGF
PTF
Gouvernement
PPTE
Context
Domination of the project approach (3/3)
Burkina Faso
Nb DPs
Nb of Projects
2007
27
131
Niger
Nb DPs
Nb of Projects
2007
24
28
69
67
Nb DPs
Nb of Projects
13
63
2008
Ghana
2009
Ghana: Aid flows (2001-2007) Million $
Adverse effect of project aid
• Project approach: 100% of funds implemented through
projects in Agriculture sector (Burkina, 2007)
• Project management units (PMUs):
– 40% of projects put PMUs in place (Burkina, 2007)
– PMUs accounts for 15 to 60% of project fundings (Niger, 2007)
• Missions:
– 330 missions from donors in 2007 (Burkina, 2007)
– Ghana imposed a 2 months ‘mission free period’
• Specialization: 12 different donors units within gahna’s
Ministry of Finance
Lack of coordination and of country ownership
Value chains in Burkina Faso
“In the field, the donors have such different intervention methods that they are
becoming incomprehensible to the actors they are supposed to be helping.”
Official of Ministry of Finance, Burkina Faso
• Government strategy: Around 20 ‘value chains action
plans’
• 6 DP programmes with no links between them:
– Poor distribution across the supported value chains:
– Poor geographical distribution of value chains
– Different intervention strategies in the field
– Poor alignment on existing strategies, coordination bodies, etc.
Lack of coordination and of country ownership
Coordination bodies: ex of Niger
dgq<
23
+
1
+
1
+
2
= 27
Challenge: strengthening national policies
Investing concretely in programmes
• Necessitates a change in approach by the TFPs:
– Specific skills: prior capacity building
– Specific human and financial investment
– Flexibility and an individual pace necessary for any
learning process
– Repositioning by the TFPs
– effective participation by civil society
• From words to actions:
– A waiting strategy adopted by the TFPs in country
– Few TFPs are actually adopting a support approach
Main recommendations
TFPs should:
• Move away from implementing projects
towards concrete support for developing and
implementing sector-wide programmes;
• Move towards a phase of dialogue and real
coordination for their interventions ;
• Translate the funding promises made at
international level into additional, long term,
predictable funding, so as to strengthen the
current national and regional process.
Main recommendations
States should:
• Ensure active supervision in the development and
implementation of sector-wide agricultural
programmes, to be consistent with the regional trade
policy creating a favourable environment
• Demonstrate real leadership in coordination for TFP
interventions
• Make agriculture and food security real budgetary
priorities
Thank you for your attention
The full study is available in English
and French