INTRODUCTION

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Transcript INTRODUCTION

ASHISH MAHESHWARI 82 SHRADDHA MANJREKAR 83 SARITA SHAH NEHA SINGH NEELAM SUBEDAR 102 108 115

Telecommunication in its wired form started with data communication as telegraph services. Innovations evolved it into voice communication, where it remained stranded for a long time. Now it has reinvented it again to data dominant mode with convergence of voice video and data.

Today the overall economy depends on the creation of a dynamic, competitive, innovative, and investment attracting telecommunications infrastructure.

Telecom Innovation Telecom sector has undergone unprecedented growth and development in last 20 years, after a period of relatively slow growth. Privatization, liberalization, competition, mobility and globalization are the words deeply associated with the Industry .

Role of TRAI 1997 TRAI is telecom regulator authority of India.

     who provide license, control and frames all telecom norm Protection of Consumer Interest Nurture Conditions for Growth of Telecom in India.

Major Activities Reduced levies on Operators.

Reduced upper limit in tariff (Local, STD & ISD) Directives on number of network access service providers.

Policy guidelines on new services like 3G.

Regular monitoring of Quality of Service parameters ISP Provider in India  Pvt.ISP Provider in India Tata Communications Reliance Communication Bharti Telecom  Govt ISP Operators BSNL MTNL (Mumbai & Delhi)

Services Land line, CDMA mobile, GSM Mobile, Internet, Broadband, Carrier service, MPLS-VPN, VSAT, VoIP services, TV uplinking .

The sector which was growing in the range of 20 to 25 per cent up to the year 2002-03, has moved to a higher growth path of an average rate of 4o-45 percent during the last two years.

Channels of Media Wire link (High Cost & more hardware) Satellite link (Slow Speed Low Bandwidth) Fiber Optical link (Low Cost High Speed & High Bandwidth)

 The year 2009, saw the Indian telecom sector adding 170 million phone connections to take the total subscriber base to 550 million  This financial year saw telecom players shift from per minute billing to per second billing  Forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate of around 15 per cent between 2009-10 and 2013-14

1) The factors enlarging opportunities are: Indian economy with increased focus on the services sector 2) Urbanization with increasing incomes 3) Population mix moving towards a younger age profile

Rank in world in network size Tele–density (per hundred populations)

Telephone connection (In million)

Fixed Mobile Total Village Public Telephones inhabited (Out of 5,93,601 uncovered villages) Foreign Direct Investment (in million) (from April 2000 till March 2010)

Licenses issued

Basic CMTS UAS Infrastructure Provider I ISP (Internet) National Long distance International Long Distance 4070 2 38 241 219 371 29 24 3 rd 52.74

36.95

548.32

621.28

5,69,385

 Network expansion: · 800 million connections by the year 2012.

 Rural telephony: . 200 million rural subscribers by 2012  Broadband: . 20 million Broadband connections by 2010 . Broadband with minimum speed of 1 mbps.

. Broadband coverage for all secondary & higher secondary schools and public health care centres by the end of year 2010

 The telecom industry is growing at a great pace and the growth rate  The 3G technology  Public and Private Players  Investment and Growth  Employment status

HUTCH IDEA AIRTEL BSNL OTHERS

 Quick and accessible communication  Lack of travel time  Saves time  Saves gasoline (do not have to drive distance)  More than two people can communicate to one another at the same time  Easy to exchange ideas and information via phone  World Wide access

 Remote areas do not have access  Remote areas may not be able to afford necessary equipment  Cannot see whom you are speaking with  Cannot see facial expressions, therefore leads to misunderstandings  Cultural barriers  Poor connections or downed power lines during/after storms

APPLICATIONS OF TELECOM

In this 21st century the world has witnessed an upsurge in the use of telecommunications and information technology in nearly all aspects of human endeavor. Access to telecommunications is therefore essential to the development of a nation’s social and economic life.

In the new world order that is driven by knowledge and exchange of information and ideas, surviving in the information age therefore depends on access to national and global information networks.

Economic/Industrial  Telecommunications networks are making it possible for developing countries to participate in the world economy  Technology is driving the new global economy.

Health Care .

 The development of teleconferencing facilities and multi-media capabilities of telecommunications systems  It has become a common phenomenon for Surgeons in any part of the country

Education  One of the most important applications of telecom in the education sector is in the area of Distance Learning.

Transportation  Transportation, as a medium of establishing contact between people and of exchanging goods, is another major beneficiary of developments in telecommunications.

Rural Development  The place of telecommunications in the development of rural communities is generally appreciated  Telecommunication benefits rural areas in various aspects

 Indian companies entering in foreign countries like South Africa,Uganda,UAE etc.

 Foreign companies entering Indian market like Vodafone, Virgin etc.

 Computer in mobile  Government initiatives like free competitive market, zero custom duty, low cost mobile handsets, low call rates, foreign direct investment etc.

 Fastest growing sector in past 4 years

 Tremendous increase in telecom density  Big takeoff expected with rollout of 3G  Today in India there are more than 105 million landline & 40 million mobiles owners  Amazing innovations to be happen in future which will change the look of computing & communication  Small monitoring devices called motes are spearheading what the future of computing & communication is going to look like

 Fast emerging grid computing & grid protocols which will allow us to link almost anything  Although the power of better communication is also utilised by antisocial & terrorists  Human life is becoming more busy & complicated  Privacy is getting threatened  Apart from all negative issues telecommunication facilities will continue to become better,faster,affordable & above all universally accepted

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