EMOTION VS REASON - Scuole Pie Fiorentine
Transcript EMOTION VS REASON - Scuole Pie Fiorentine
The development of a new sensibility at the end of
the eighteenth century as a reaction to the
rationalistic outlook of the Enlightment
The age of Classicism is followed by a
transitional period known as the Pre-Romantic
Age, which coincides with the last thirty years
of the eighteenth century.
Importance of reason
Control of emotion
Society placed before
Poetry seen as the
of social order
Importance of feeling
Free play of imagination
given to the poet’s
Poetry seen as the
expression of the soul
Language rich in
The main themes of Pre-romantic literature:
a return to nature expressed through an
interest in the wild, the lonely, the desolate.
Nature was no more considered just as the
background of human actions, but as a living
the cult of sensibility and melancholy
leading to a love of ruins and graveyards.
the cult of the primitive which involves a
sort of diffidence as regards civilization and a
longing for a lost earthly paradise
the myth of the noble savage by
a re-evaluation of the Middle Ages as an
epoch of high spiritual significance.
interest in humble and everyday life.
On the sublime
The sublime arises from
the feelings of fear and
horror created by what is
infinite and terrible.
Burke associated the
sublime with obscurity,
The gothic novel
New Trends in Literature
The Graveyard School : a group of poets who
set their poems in cemeteries, ruins.
Ossianic Poetry : a cycle of poems by a
legendary Irish warrior (Ossian) who lived in
the third century. James Macpherson collected
and published some of his poems. Even if we
don’t know if he really existed, these verses
had great success all over Europe.
Rural poetry: the augustan culture had
considered the city as the only place worth
living in. As a reaction to it, the preromantic re-evaluated the countryside and
the rural life
The Gothic Novel: its success
was due to the need to escape
Complex plots with mysterious elements
Great importance given to terror and horror.
The night as the most important setting
because darkness is a powerful element to
create an atmosphere of gloom and mistery
Use of supernatural beings, like vampires,
monsters, ghosts and witches.
Heroines dominated by strong passions and