Transcript Muslim Empires Unit 2, SSWH 12 a & b
Unit 2, SSWH 12 a & b
What were the origins and contributions of the Ottomans, Safavid, and Mughal empires?
a. Describe the geographical extent of the Ottoman Empire during the rule of Suleyman the Magnificent, the Safavid Empire during the reign of Shah Abbas I, and the Mughal Empire during the reigns of Babur and Akbar. b. Explain the ways in which these Muslim empires influenced religion, law, and the arts in their parts of the world.
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Suleyman-Known as the Magnificent for his court & cultural achievements, created a law code Conquers parts of Europe, Asia, & Africa Simplified taxation & govt., everyone wanted in the army = education Toleration: Christians & Jews (1 god & Holy Book) Cultures (religion, art, architecture, language, trade) spread
(Ancient Persia/Modern Iran) • • • •
Shah Abbas I, Golden Age (time of prosperity) Changed the army (based on loyalty – not just a job) Punished corruption within the govt, also brought foreigners to work in the govt.
Religious toleration, which increased trade, art, culture
Babur: brilliant general, formed Mughal Empire
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Akbar: means “Greatest One” a Liberal Ruler (grandson of Babur) Had an extensive army & used it, religious freedom Abolished tax on Hindu pilgrims & non-Muslims Govt. run by different foreign officials Developed a style of architecture * Both Safavid and Ottoman declined (poor leadership)
Religion Tolerant, most empires allowed practicing of their own religion Few had to pay taxed because of religious beliefs
Law Suleyman created a law code to handle both criminal & civil actions
Art Calligraphy: beautiful handwriting Architecture was the greatest way to show blending of cultures Each empire was tolerant which encourage foreigners to travel & bring new ideas of culture with them
What do the Ottomans, Safavid, and Mughal empires have in common?