Hold one another accountable Experience of Afghanistan Mustafa Mastoor Deputy Minister of Finance Afghanistan 4 June 2010

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Transcript Hold one another accountable Experience of Afghanistan Mustafa Mastoor Deputy Minister of Finance Afghanistan 4 June 2010

Hold one another accountable
Experience of Afghanistan
Mustafa Mastoor
Deputy Minister of Finance
Afghanistan
4 June 2010
Mutual Accountability and equal partnership
Hope ..you don’t
mind it again,
Excellency !
Some background..
• USD 65 Billion pledges in the past 8yrs;
• Totally USD 40 Billion disbursed ($ 5B/yr);
• USD 9 Billion (23%) through government budget;
• So many Global level commitments for effectiveness
(PD, AAA, etc…);
• A big number of international level conferences for
commitments (London, Berlin, Paris, etc..);
• On national level it is continuous on daily basis;
Processes to hold each other accountable
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Trust funds
Bilateral Portfolio Reviews
Donor Financial Reviews
PEFA assessment
IMF and other IFIS programs
Joint Coordination Monitoring Board
Gov. Coordination
Committee
JCMB
PRSP based
development Clusters
Security
Governance, Rule
of Law& HR
Economic & Social
Development
High Level Committee
on Aid Effectiveness
Political Will, Transparency, Capacity
• Political Will always dominant not the capacity;
• Discuss commitments at the highest possible political
level;
• Design Jointly the aid architecture;
• Negotiate Aid policy with clear targets;
• Enable donors to use the country systems;
• No any angel co chair to coordinate aid, rather full
ownership and direct links;
Political Will, Transparency, Capacity
• PFM and Government managed Aid systems (DAD) to be
strengthen;
• Country systems as the most effective mean for Transparency;
• Predictability to become the heart of Accountability;
• Realistic and understandable results frameworks be developed;
• Stakeholders be engaged in the budget cycle to understand the
hard choices government has to face;
• Communication between Citizen and State be improved;
• Culture of service and performance be promoted;
• Independent media and Civil Society be actively engaged.
Political Will, Transparency, Capacity
• Government turned as a big training institute for those
who have more money;
• Using the country system is the biggest capacity
building effort;
• help partner country to develop systems then assist
them with salary costs;
• A practical code of conduct to be agreed and
monitored.
If Afghanistan were a Donor country !
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Listened to the partner very well;
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Discussed what needed to be done but let them decide how to do.
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Found out what works at country level rather its own experience of other
countries;
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Jointly designed its AID architecture with the partner country;
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Engaged with stakeholders especially CS in early policy discussions not just
in accountability stage;
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Not limited accountability to publish disbursement rate;
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Separated the Ds of 3D (Development, Diplomacy and Defense)
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Educated / updated its field staff on larger aid and development agenda e.g
PD, AAA;
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Avoided blaming always the partner country for its failure but rather open to
“constructive embarrassments”;
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Made accountability mandate not option;