Active and Healthy Ageing

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Transcript Active and Healthy Ageing

Ageing Well Framework
Active Ageing
• “….the process of optimising opportunities for
health, participation and security in order to
enhance quality of life as people age. It allows
people to realise their potential for wellbeing
throughout their lives and to participate in
society according to their needs, desires and
capabilities while providing them with
adequate protection, security and care when
they need assistance” WHO 2002
Determinants of Active Ageing
Comparable Frameworks
Determinants of active ageing
Components for Age friendly communities
Health and social services
Disease prevention and promotion of physical
activity, healthy diet, health literacy. Social
protection systems based on intra and
Behavioural determinants
Active participation in volunteering, recreation,
social networks etc.
Personal determinants
Positive attitude to ageing recognising value of
all age groups’ contribution. Asset based
Physical environment
Accessible outdoor spaces buildings, transport
and housing
Social determinants
Voice in the decision making and research
processes; lifelong and intergenerational learning
Economic determinants
Inclusive labour market solidarity; goods and
services that are adapted to the needs of all
Asset based philosophy
• Need to address the ‘negative narrative’
• Need to shift from ‘deficit approach’
• Asset based philosophy
– Recognise that older people have strengths and
– Construct initiatives to maximise and support
these ‘assets’
– Enable older people to make a positive
From deficit to asset approach
Deficit approach
Asset approach
Starts with deficiencies and
Starts with assets in the community
Responds to problems
Identifies opportunities and strengths
Provides services to users
Invests in people as citizens
Emphasises role of agencies
Emphasises the role of civil society
Focuses on individuals
Focuses on communities and
Sees people as clients and service Sees people as citizens and co-producers as
something to offer
Treats people as passive and
‘done to’
Helps people to take control of their lives
‘Fixes people’
Supports people to develop their potential
Adapted from “A glass half full…”, IDEA, 2010
Good practice
• Unlocking Potential Project (Northern Ireland)
5 yr project to enable and empower older people
to take part in volunteering
• Multigenerational Houses (Germany)
Community centres where different generations
meet and support each other.
• Let’s talk about ageing (Czech Republic)
Campaign against age discrimination.
Employee volunteering
• Employment in later life and the transition
into retirement is a key issue
• Longer lives challenge old models
• Remaining actively engaged is vital to health
and wellbeing
• Volunteering as a transition into ‘retirement’
Good practice
• Exchanges et Consultations Techniques
Internationaux – ECTI (France)
Recruits, supports and deploys volunteers providing
advice and assistance to SME’s
• Flex – Seniority (Denmark)
Improving age-friendly practices in companies
• Encore Careers (USA)
Defining a new stage in life and work and helping
people make the transition
Loneliness and Isolation
• Need clarity about definition
• Evidence demonstrates seriousness of impact
on health
• Prevalence relatively stable across time
• Various risk factors
• Becoming socially engaged is a significant
protective factor
• Psychological dimension needs attention too
Good practice
• Buddy Buddy Service (Netherlands)
matching volunteers with socially excluded older
• FriDA (Germany)
neighbourhood based network of volunteer
support to promote active ageing
• Full of Life (UK)
Peer to peer community based promotion of
emotional resilience skills using CBT
Intergenerational solidarity
• Ageing society and changes in attitudes and
lifestyles has had big impact on interaction
between generations
• Outside of family very little contact
• Important role of grandparents
• Age friendly communities offer a holistic and
integrated approach
Good practice
• Generations: Saint-Apollinaire (France)
creating services within the same place serving several
• Social Web Skills (Austria, Slovenia, Germany)
transferring skills using new information and
communication technologies
• Grandmentors (UK)
harnessing the energy and experience of older volunteers
to support young people to stay in work or education
Life long learning
• Important to enable people to participate in
labour market longer
• Helps to improve health and wellbeing
• A citizenship right?
• Economic benefits for societies as well
• Different forms – formal, non-formal, informal
• Increasing delivery through NGO’s and
voluntary effort
Good practice
• Moving Stories and Generations (EU)
Giving older and younger people and migrants the skills to
communicate effectively and thus make an active contribution
to their communities
• New Horizons for Active Seniors (Germany & Czech Republic)
Intercultural initiative focussing on the positive contribution
that older people make
• Volunteer Seniors in Schools (Denmark, Latvia & Sweden)
Older volunteers working in schools as mentors, role models
and guides