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The English
lessons
-ing form/ to-infinitive/
infinitive without to
Forms
-ing form
to-infinitive
infinitive without to
The -ing form is used:
• After the verbs: love, like, enjoy, prefer,
dislike, hate
For example: Liza prefers dancing alone.
• After the verbs: spend, waste, lose (time,
money,etc)
For example: He spends all time playing
computer games.
The -ing form is used:
• After the verbs: hear, listen to, notice,
see, watch, feel to describe an
incomplete action.
I saw John waiting for the taxi.
• After the verbs: admit, appreciate, avoid,
consider, deny, fancy, go (for activities),
imagine, mind, miss, practise, prevent,
quit, save, suggest.
You should continue studying English.
The -ing form is used:
After expression such as:
 be busy, it’s no use, it’s no good, it’s
(not) worth, what’s the use of, can’t
help, there’s no point (in), can’t stand,
have difficulty (in), have trouble.
It’s no use complaining all the time.
 think of, apologise for.
I apologised for being later.
The -ing form is used:
After the preposition to with verbs:
 object to, look forward to, be used to.
in addition to.
After prepositions :
After, on, by, before, without, instead of,
besides
He went to school without eating any
breakfast.
The to-infinitive form is used:
• After would like, would love, would
prefer.
For example: I would love to come to your
party
• After certain verbs that refer to the future
(agree, appear, decide, expect, hope,
pian, promise, refuse, want)
For example: I want you to come.
The to-infinitive is used:
• After too / enough
• After verbs and expressions such as ask,
deside, explain, learn, find out.
• After ajectives which describe feelings/
emotions, express willingness/ un
willingness or refer to a person character
The infinitive without to is used:
After modal verbs
(Sally can speak English)
After the verbs:
+
let, make, see, hear, feel
(My brother made me apologise)
After had better and would rather.
(You had better put a jacket on)
Differences in meaning between
the to- infinitive and – ing form
Forget
+
to-infinitive
=
Forget
+
-ing form
=
Remember
+
to-infinitive
=
Remember
+
-ing form
=
Not remember
Not recall
Not forget
Recall
Differences in meaning between
the to- infinitive and – ing form
Try
+
to-infinitive
=
Attempt, do one’s
best
Try
+
-ing form
=
Do something as
an experiment
Stop
+
Stop
+
to-infinitive
=
-ing form
=
Stop temporarily in
order to do something
else
Finish doing
something
GOOD LUCK