Objectives Day 3

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Transcript Objectives Day 3

Objectives Day 3
• Students will be able to identify the 5
respiratory diseases
• Students will be able to identify the
characteristics of asthma
• The students will be able to identify
immunizations needed at certain ages
Cardiovascular Disease
• Angina ____________
– Chest pain that results form narrowed coronary
• Nitroglycerin
– A drug that widens the coronary arteries, allowing
more oxygen to get to the cardiac muscle
• Congestive Heart Failure
– A ____________ that occurs when the heart’s
pumping ability is below normal capacity and fluid
accumulates in the lungs and other areas of the
Cardiovascular Disease
• Coronary Heart Disease
– A disease in which the coronary arteries are
narrowed or blocked
• Coronary artery
– A ___________ ________ that carries blood
to the heart muscles
– Plague
• Hardened deposits of fat and other materials in
the walls of arteries throughout the body
Cardiovascular Disease
• Arteriosclerosis
– Hardening and thickening of the arteries
• Atherosclerosis
– A disease in which fat ____________ collect
on artery walls
Cardiovascular Diseases
• Heart Rhythm Abnormalities
– Arrhythmia
• Heart condition in which the heart may beat very
slowly or very fast for no obvious reason
– _____________
• A device that is implanted in the heart to
stimulate normal heart contractions
• Heart Attack
– The death of cardiac muscle caused by a
lack of blood flow to the heart
Cardiovascular Diseases
• Rheumatic fever
– An autoimmune
action in the heart
that can cause fever,
_____________, and
damage to the valves
in the heart
• Rheumatic Heart
– Permanent heart
damage that results
from rheumatic fever
• Stroke
– A condition caused by
a ___________ or
broken blood vessel
in the brain
• Aneurysm
– Weakened area of a
blood vessel
Reducing Your Risk
• Maintain a healthy blood cholesterol level
– Cholesterol
• A fat-like substance made by the body and found in certain
– Low density lipoproteins (LDLs)
• Substances in the blood that carry _________ to body cells
– High density lipoproteins (HDLs)
• Substances in the blood that carry cholesterol to the
______ for breakdown and excretion
• The higher the HDL level, the lower the risk of heart
– Saturated Fat
• A type of fat from dairy products, solid vegetable fat, and
meat and poultry
Reducing Your Risk
Avoid tobacco products
Maintain healthful blood pressure
Maintain a healthful body weight
Participate in regular physical activity
Manage stress
• Type I diabetes
– The body produces ________ or no insulin
• Insulin is a hormone that regulates the blood sugar
• If the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin
enough insulin, a person develops diabetes
• Appears most often in children and young adults
• People with Type I need ______ injections of
insulin to stay alive
• Type II diabetes
– The body produces insulin but cannot be used by
– About 90-95% of people who have diabetes have
Type II
– Most frequently strike people 50-60 years old
– Symptoms include: Feeling tired, frequent urination,
unusual thirst, weight loss, blurred vision, frequent
infections , and slow healing of sores
– About 80% of people with Type II are
• Gestational Diabetes
– Occurs in some _________ during pregnancy
– Insulin is produced, but the body does not
respond to it
– Usually treated with ______, but not with oral
medications because it could hurt the baby
– Usually goes away after the baby is born
• Do numbers 30-69 in the handout
• Read the chapter on Cardiovascular
diseases and Diabetes