Transcript Overview - Bodega Marine Lab
How To Give A Scientific Seminar
Michelle Chow Ocean Discovery!
• Verbal and Nonverbal Communication • “How To” on Project Presentations
“body movement and expression” • Face audience • Make eye contact • Appropriate facial expressions • Body movement (pacing, swaying) • Dress appropriately
• Speak at a reasonable pace • Intonation (tone of voice, use of voice) • Pause when needed • Avoid excessive use of “um” or “like” or “so”
Suggestions for Practicing
• Practice at least three times!!!
• Get feedback from your peers.
• Before you start to speak take a few seconds to organize your thoughts, notes and equipment.
Appearance of your slides “
You want people to focus on your message” • Use a simple design for your slides. This is a professional seminar. • Text must not fade into background.
• Choose an appropriate font that can be read from the back of the room.
Size 32 – 36 for bulleted text Size 44 – 48 for titles
• Each slides does not need to have a title. Especially if a title is redundant or obvious.
• Spread bullets apart to avoid reader’s brain overload.
Paragraph—spacing—6-12 pt after paragraph.
• Pictures and graphs should take up the whole slide. Axes text and statistics hard to read from back of room.
6 5 2 1 4 3 0 Male Female Treatment 1 Treatments Treatment 2 60 40 20 0 100 80
Michelle’s Don’t List
• Clip art when not appropriately used (which is most of the time).
• Slides and lines that zip in and out of space. Please have all your text on the slide at the same time.
• All slides should transition appropriately (use no transition or fade at fast speed) • No music, unless you are studying dolphins and are recording their mating calls.
Planning the package
• Know your audience • Define terms • Provide an overview if complex • Integrate text and images – map of study area, distribution – understand overall idea/theory/topic – images of organism/scientific name – repeat the question if necessary
Planning the package
• Clear purpose/logical sequence • Consistency in style and language • Bulleted information • Prompts for speaker and audience • Time yourself: 1 frame /minute • Leave time for questions • Don’t read your talk
Techniques that help
• Memorize opening sentence • Note cards • Tough question?
– anticipate questions that poke holes – anticipate future direction questions – repeat the question – “That’s a good question” – “I don’t know but…”
Advice to Fellows
• Practice within a group and then between groups.
• Bring laser pointer into class to demonstrate how to use it correctly • Remind students they will be using a microphone
• Everything presented verbally or visually should have a clear role in support of the central thesis or theses of the talk.
• If anything doesn’t do this, remove it.
borders, animations, clipart, etc
• No talking • Listen closely • Think of at least one question to ask speaker • Stay awake (no sleeping) and engaged during the talk
your name School affiliation city state
• Introduce topic, big picture. Why?
• Explain how you reached your questions/hypotheses.
• Define scientific terms.
Use scientific names for organisms.
• Visual Aids (slides of organisms) • List questions your study addresses.
• Summarize methods = Use methods as an explanation of how you addressed your questions.
• Visual Aids (pictures of study sites or setup is most effective).
• Organize methods to help audience easily follow your research.
Flow Chart for Presentation Organization Introduction Questions Question A Method for addressing A Results and Interpretation A Question B Method for addressing B Results and Interpretation B Question C Method for addressing C Results and Interpretation C How all parts fit into: 1. Original questions 2. Big picture 3. Past research
• Use tables and/or figures to present data.
• Avoid verbalizing too many numerical values (especially without visual aids).
• Show audience only data and results that are important in addressing your questions.
• Remind audience how each method or result fits back to the questions of your study.
• Talk about results with respect to: Your study’s questions Past research • Make logical conclusions about your research findings.
• Visual Aids (refer back to tables and figures used in results)
• Visual Aid = Outline of questions from introduction with acceptance or rejection of null hypothesis.
• Big picture • Future research • Acknowledgements
Your brain starts working the moment you are born, and doesn’t stop until you have to speak in public.