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Climate Change
Green-house gases in our atmosphere = > average temperature of the Earth is 14.6 °C
CO2 in the atmosphere: 275 ppm to 375 ppm since the beginning of the industrial
revolution = > average temperature increased 1 °C (last 50 years)
The problem: the pace of the increase
– Extreme meteorological events
Climate Change – Global Warming
– loose some of Earth’s natural habitats
– extinction of species
– rising sea levels
– melting polar ice
Regardless of the source of these contributing CO2 emissions the effect is one we share
globally. As a result reducing these contributing emissions is also a responsibility that
we share and must achieve globally.
What’s your carbon footprint?
Green terms
Recycled, Recyclable
Tree Free, Vegetable-based ink
Process Chlorine Free (PCF)
Forest Stewardship Council- or Sustainable Forestry Initiative-certified
Possible Scenarios
..more days in eastern Mediterranean
resorts when the temperature exceeds
40 degrees C
..thinner cloud cover in Australia,
meaning a higher sunburn and skin
cancer risk of malaria in Spain
..less snowfall and shorter skiing
seasons in the Alps
..damage to coral reefs, and rising sea
levels pressures on the wild animals
and plants that tourists want to see,
and on the places where they live
(Worldwide Fund for Nature research)
• Disappearing glaciers
• Ski centers rising with 1000 m
• Infrastructural change in tourism
• Summer temperature rising to about
50 degrees C
• Tourist season: spring and autumn
• Siesta becomes longer
• Islands disappearing by the rise of the
sea level
How to Improve –
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
Waste Management
Water Management
Energy efficiency
Airlines (soft landing, bio fuel)
Towel & linen program
Paperless Meetings
Local and organic food, composting
Recycled hotel soaps
Food donation
Biodegradable products
Carbon Offsetting
Eco-friendly Hotel Chains
• Fairmont Hotels&Resorts: Green Partnership, Eco-Meet
• Four Seasons Hotels&Resorts: Energy Smart Award (Singapore)
• Hilton Hotels Corp.: Conserve to Preserve Program
• Hyatt Hotels Corp.: Vice President, Environmental Affairs
• Marriott International: Environmentally Conscious Hotel Operations
Program, member of EPA’s Climate Leaders Prog.
• The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Co.: Give Back Getaways Program
• Starwood Hotels&Resorts Worldwide: See Green, parking for hybric
cars, LEED Certified buildings
• Walt Disney Parks&Resorts: Environmentality Program since 1990
• Taxes to be payed based on the facility’s environmental footprint?
Aviation contributes to 12% of carbon emissions within
the transportation sector — and 2.65% globally
•Soft Landing
•Easier equipment on board
•Air Transport Action Group:
In the cities
•Public Transportation
•PediCab, etc
Carbon Offsetting
Individual purchase of carbon offsets
– In 2006, about $91 million of
carbon offsets were purchased in
the voluntary market, representing
about 24 million metric tons of
CO2e reductions
Offsets are typically achieved through
financial support of projects that
reduce the emission of greenhouse
gases in the short- or long-term.
– renewable energy, such as wind
farms, biomass energy, or
hydroelectric dams.
– energy efficiency projects,
– destruction of industrial pollutants
or agricultural byproducts,
– destruction of landfill methane,
– and forestry projects
The hotel industry's practice of placing green placards in each
room, promoting reuse of guest-towels, ostensibly to "save the
CHOICE: in Australia offers a chance to report greenwash
How to become an eco-friendly
„Take nothing but photographs and leave nothing but
Greater sustainability of the tourism product i.e. more regional products, less noise
and emissions, less waste and unpurified sewage - means the creation of jobs and
quality of life for the local population, and an improved quality of holidays for the
Sustainability and quality in tourism are two sides of the same coin.
Top ten eco-destinations
Professional Travel Guide:
• South America: Panama
• Afrika: Madagascar
• America: St John (US Virgin Islands)
• Europe: Iceland
• Asia: Laos
• Buck Island Reef National Monument – St Croix, US Virgin Islands
• Sea Turtle Watching in Rekawa – Rekawa, Sri Lanka
• Napo Wildlife Center – Quito, Ecuador
• Artisans D’Angkor Silk Farm – Siem Reap, Cambodia
• Celestun Biosphere Reserve – Yucatan, Mexico
• Rainforest Hike to Middleham Falls & Ti Tou Gorge with Ken’s Hinterland Adventure Tours
– Dominica
• Sadie Cove Wilderness Lodge – Kachemak Bay State Park, Alaska
• Volcano Trekking at Gunung Batur – Gunung Batur, Bali
• Strokkur Geyser – Geysir Center, Iceland
• Canopy Tour – Quepos, Costa Rica
Small steps for us..
- Travel with environmentally responsible and recognized tour operators.
- Try to use eco-friendly transportation options like biking, walking and taking
public transit, rejecting those vehicles that emit carbon in large.
- Give up the habit of air traveling, as it is the only reason why most of the
travelers face the biggest environmental impacts.
- If you fly, at least bring your own cup with you.
- Try to find out what kind of re-cycling programs does the hotel share.
- Check out what kind of program does the hotel follow to reduce non renewable
energy consumption, like whether they include energy efficient lighting, low flow
water supply, use of recycle energy etc.
- Before leaving the room, try to turn off electric devices and keep taps shut when
not in use.
Green Associations,
Certifications and Systems
The International Ecotourism Society (TIES):
Green Meetings Industry Council
Travelife Sustainability System – not a new ‘eco-label’
STEP: Sustainable Tourism Eco-Certification
Green Key
Green Globe
Useful Websites
Thank you for your
kind attention!