Using Textual Citations in Papers

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Transcript Using Textual Citations in Papers

And citing them properly too!
Why Use Quotes?

Direct Text
1. To prove a point
2. To highlight a discrepancy
(Refute a point)
Scholarly Opinion
1. To prove a point
2. To highlight a discrepancy
(Refute a point)
3. Because the author can say it
better than you can.
What NOT to Do,
and yet so many do!

Thesis: The theme friends as opposites is demonstrated throughout Siddhartha by his relationships
with Govinda, Kamala, and Vasudeva.
Govinda and Siddhartha start their journey together
as Brahmin. Siddhartha is discontented with his life as a
Brahmin because it doesn’t lead him to enlightenment.
Govinda decides to join him. They decide to leave the
Brahmin and join the Samanas and do that. They then
meet the Buddha. Govinda stays with the Buddha as a
follower and Siddhartha chooses to leave. He goes on to live
with the child people. “ You have taken the step, you have
chosen the path. . .you have always walked a step behind
me.” (Hesse 29).
Awfulness
Count:
1. Not in
PEEL!!
2. Not in
PEEL!
3. All plot
Summary
4. Randomly
dropped
quote with
no context
5. Doesn’t
start with
words to
connect
with thesis
6. Improper
citation
How to Prevent the Atrocity of
the Last Slide!

Step 1: Choosing a Quote

 Each quote needs to show
support of the Point being made
in the paragraph.
This is exactly how the
quote looks in the book
 Proving Siddhartha and Kamala
are different:
Kamala exclaimed: “No, my worthy
friend, he is not satisfactory. He
must have clothes, lovely clothes,
and shoes, lovely shoes, and lots of
money in his pouch, and gifts for
Kamala.
Where there
was a quote
in the text,
now it is a
single quote
Step 2: Properly Citing

Note: the text now starts
citation
with a quotation mark
 Standard MLA
Text:
Kamala exclaimed: “No, my worthy
friend, he is not satisfactory. He
must have clothes, lovely clothes,
and shoes, lovely shoes, and lots of
money in his pouch, and gifts for
Kamala.
“Kamala exclaimed: ‘No, my
worthy friend, he is not satisfactory.
He must have clothes, lovely Open paren,
author’s last name,
clothes, and shoes, lovely shoes, Space,
and lots of money in his pouch,page
andnumber,
gifts for Kamala’”(Hesse 51). closed paren,
All
opened
quotes are
closed.
NO
PERIOD
Period after the
Closed paren
Step 2: Properly Citing

 Long MLA citation
from Prentice Hall
Reference Guide
.(Hesse 67)
Step 2: Properly Citing

 Long MLA citation, abridged
text:
His father was to be admired, quiet and noble were his
manners, pure his life, wise his words, delicate and noble
thoughts lived behind its brow --but even he, who knew
so much, did he live in blissfulness, did he have peace,
was he not also just a searching man, a thirsty man? Did
he not, again and again, have to drink from holy sources,
as a thirsty man, from the offerings, from the books, from
the disputes of the Brahmans? Why did he, the
irreproachable one, have to wash off sins every day,
strive for a cleansing every day, over and over every day?
Was not Atman in him, did not the pristine source spring
from his heart? It had to be found, the pristine source in
one's own self, it had to be possessed! Everything else
was searching, was a detour, was getting lost.
How to abridge the quote proving
dissatisfaction with his father, the
Brahmin:
“His father was to be admired. . .but
even he,. . . did he live in blissfulness,
did he have peace, was he not also just
a searching man, a thirsty man? . . .
Why did he, the irreproachable one,
have to wash off sins every day, strive
for a cleansing every day, over and
over every day?” (Hesse 5)
Step 3: Introducing the Quotation

 Many ways to introduce a quote
1. Using the author in the sentence
2. Stating which character said the
quote
3. Using the quote as part of your
paper
 No matter what the textual
quote:
1. Cannot start the paragraph
2. Cannot end the paragraph
3. Must be introduced, placed in
the paper, then explained
Step 3: Using the author in the sentence (not
recommended for this paper)

Quote proving the point that Siddhartha experiences true wisdom at the
end of his journey:
Siddhartha explains his new found wisdom to Govinda. Hesse mentions
that Siddhartha discovers that "During deep meditation it is possible to
dispel time, to see simultaneously all the past, present and future, and then
everything is good, everything is perfect, everything is Brahman" (116).
Hesse tries to relate to the reader Siddhartha’s revelation of wisdom as
Only page
Siddhartha experiences it.
Notice: the
quote is
introduced,
dropped, then
explained
number is
needed b/c
author is
mentioned
before the
quote
Step 3: Stating which character
said the quote

Black: transition
sentence; links to
thesis
Red: Point
Green: Example
Purple:
Explanation
 Quote proving
Blue: Link
Siddhartha and Kamala are different
Kamala and Siddhartha are also friends with opposing opinions. While
Siddhartha is more spiritual , Kamala cares only of materialistic things. Kamala
tells Siddhartha, “No, my worthy friend, he is not satisfactory. He must have
clothes, lovely clothes, and shoes, lovely shoes, and lots of money in his pouch,
and gifts for Kamala”(Hesse 51). Here she addresses him as friend, proving they
are friends and addresses that she does not think he is dressed to her liking. Her
saying the word “No” at the beginning of the quote shows that Siddhartha must
have thought the contrary to what she was thinking. They clearly differ on their
opinion of what is important.
Step 3: Using the quote as part of
your own words (not recommended)

Black: filler
Red: Point
Green: Example
Purple:
Explanation
Blue: Link
Quote proving that life runs in cycles
A third cycle in the book is that Siddhartha returns to the River every time
he comes to a major crossroads. When he first decided to stop focusing on his
superego, Siddhartha leaves the Samanas and comes to the River. Later in the
book, when he decided to stop focusing on his Id, Siddhartha again returns to the
River, completing the cycle. "The new Siddhartha felt a deep love for this flowing
water and decided that he would not leave it again so quickly" (Hesse 81). The
River gave him the peace he was looking for all along. His decision to stay by the
River and appreciate what it has to offer fulfills the ferryman’s prophesy that
everything comes back to the river. This completes the cycle of Siddhartha
returning to the river every time he changes lifestyles.
He said. . . BOO!!!!

 Instead try. . .
Added
Observed
Complained
Announced
Remarked
Predicted
Commented
Replied
Stated
Argued
Pointed out
Proposed
Declared
Suggested
Noted
Noted
Criticized
Exclaimed
Final Thoughts:

 Choose solid quotes
 Explain what the quote is about
and why it proves your point
 Cite properly.
 Go to WWS to check this
For the most part, this is where you
live:
“Text to be quoted” (Hesse 67).
Quote, text, quote, paren, name,
space, pg, paren, period