Effective Public Speaking

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Transcript Effective Public Speaking

Effective Public Speaking
Speech is power,
Speech is to persuade, to convert, to compel.
- Ralph Waldo Emerson
What you will learn
 Aspects of Public Speaking
 Types, Reasons, Why
 Parts of the Speech
 Delivery of the Speech
Aspects of Public Speaking
 Types of public speaking
 Purpose of your speech
 Why we listen to speakers
 Who is your audience
 Preparation for your speech
Types of Public Speaking
 Two types of Public Speaking
 Extemporaneous – means spur of the moment
 Prepared – having time to develop your material
Why are you there? (Purpose)
 Part of your assignment
 Chance to tell others about what you learned
 You have something to share
 You know things about your topic that others do not
 Chance to show others your presentation
Why do we listen to public speakers?
 Information
 Persuasive topics
 Motivation
 Entertainment
Know your audience?
 Age – How old is the majority of your audience?
 Are there more boys/girls in the audience?
 What will your audience be interested in?
 How many people will be in your audience?
 Will your audience be knowledgeable about your
How to win the audience?
 Keep your discussion
 Interesting
Use examples or stories
 Provide interesting facts
To the point
Don’t go on and on and on and on and on
 Keep your comments simple but informative
 Do your homework – Know your topic
 Develop your presentation material
 Accuracy (content and spelling)
 Practice, Practice, Practice
 Mom, Dad, brother, sister, mirror, family pet, stuffed
animals, record your speech
 Practice where you will do your actual presentation
 Accept criticism – no one is perfect/ there is always room for
 Time yourself
Parts of the Speech
 Introduction
 Body
 Conclusion
Introduction of Speech
 Get the audiences attention
 Introduce yourself
 State the purpose
 Relate the importance to the audience
 Preview the main points that will be covered
The first step
 Be Prepared
 Take a deep breath
 Slow your breathing / pause between sentences
 Get the audience engaged
 Tell a joke, use a quote, use a poem to begin your speech
 Walk around – use your energy
 Find your own way to reduce nervousness
 Face your fears
Body of the Speech
 Conveys the message
 Discuss main points
 Provide supporting details
 Educate/ entertain the audience
 Highlight the central theme of your speech
 Briefly cover the main points
 Provide the audience with a feeling of satisfaction
that you accomplished what you promised
 Closing statement
 Thank the audience for their attention
Delivery of your Speech
 Appearance
 Speech and Voice
 Body Language
 First Impressions – made in the first 7 seconds
 Hair style, accessories, shoes, breath
 Who is your audience – dress appropriately
 How you dress will reinforce your authority
 Clean
 Neat
Speech and Voice
 Use variation in
 Loudness
Helps provide emphasis and attention
Low and high pitch
 Creates interest
Provides emotion and feeling
Holds the attention of the audience
Body Language
 Posture
 Shows confidence
 Not too rigid – locked knees = chance to meet the floor / Relax
 Facial Expressions
 Smile/ enjoy yourself and your audience will also enjoy themselves
 Be serious when necessary
 Eye Contact
 Helps establish a relationship with your audience
 Makes them feel included
 Too nervous – look directly above their heads
 Look for signals from your audience – do they look confused? bored? Excited?
 Keep head up – Don’t talk to the floor
 Gestures
 Use your head, hands and arms – helps to emphasize ideas and feelings
 Should come naturally
Last minute tips
 Do
 Speak on a topic you have earned the right to talk about
 Speak on a topic that you are interested in – be enthusiastic
 Talk from your heart – not from your mouth
 Be sincere
 Be honest
 Be eager to communicate your information
 Keep it simple
 Make brief notes of what you want to say
 Use pictures or examples to support your opinion
 Know more about your topic than you will use
 Rehearse the points of your speech through normal conversation with friends
 Don’t
 Memorize your speech
 Imitate others, be yourself
 Preach or scold
 Aspects of Public Speaking
 Types, Purpose, Audience, Preparation
 Parts of the Speech
 Introduction, Body, Conclusion
 Delivery of the Speech
 Appearance, Voice, Body Language
Thank You