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Ing. Klára Polterová
Poznatky o zemích
Education in England
Základní údaje o vzdělávacím systému Velké
Británie – rozdělení, definice, povinná školní
docházka, druhy škol.
Metodický materiál inovuje výuku použitím
multimediálních pomůcek. Výukový materiál je
vhodný k práci s interaktivní tabulí. Rozsah a
obsah výukového materiálu je přizpůsoben
potřebám studentů technických oborů a je
možné jej využít pro přípravu ke státní maturitní
Education in ENGLAND
Is compulsory for all children between 5 – 18.
The school year begins on 1st of September.
Students aren’t evaluated by marks but by grades (A to
F). A is the best and F is the worst.
There are two basic types of education facilities
state school ( no fees)
Stages of education
A nursery school is for children between the
ages of 3 and 5.
Staffed by qualified teachers and other
Children are prepared for primary school by
Primary education is divided into
Infant schools (for children between 5 and 7)
Children learn basics of reading, writing and arithmetic.
Junior schools (for children between 7 and 11)
Academic subjects become more formal, the time is also spent
on doing informal work, especially art and handicrafts.
Many primary schools practice “streaming”, which means that there
are parallel classes learning at different speeds:
a) A Stream (for children who learn the quickest)
b) B Stream (for average pupils)
c) C Stream ( for slower children)
The school day usually lasts from 9 am until 3 pm.
All maintained schools in England are required to follow the
National Curriculum, which is made up of twelve subjects. The
core subjects are English, Mathematics and Science. This
subjects are compulsory for all students aged 5 to 16.
A range of other subjects, known as foundation subjects, are
compulsory at one or more Key Stages:
Art & Design
Design & Technology
Information & Communication Technology
Modern Foreign Languages
Is provided by this types of schools:
GRAMMAR SCHOOL - traditional literary and scientific
education, prepares children for entry to universities ( to the
age of 18).
SECONDARY MODERN SCHOOL – general education, including
much instruction of a practical sort, when children leave the
school they go to work.
SECONDARY TECHNICAL SCHOOL – technical education
related to industry, commerce or agriculture.
COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL – for children of all abilities, provide
wide range of secondary education for most of the children in
At the age of 16, pupils who want to leave school, take an
examination in 8-10 subjects. They pass the examination:
a) G.C.S.E. (General Certificate of Secondary Education) = to find a job
b) G.C.E. (general certificate of education) = to continue their studies
Further Educational College
Many students decide to leave secondary school at the age of
16 and go to Further Education College.
Colleges provide courses of vocational training (engineering,
cooking, hairdressing) as well as a range of A –levels subjects.
Sixth Form College
students aged 16 to 19 typically study for advanced school-level
qualifications, such as A-levels and the International
Baccalaureate Diploma, or school-level qualifications such as
Students enter university at the age of 18.
Bachelor‘s degree – first degree, usually for 3 years
Master‘s degree – first degree, usually for 4 years
- upgraduate bachelor‘s degree
Doctorate- take at least 3 years
The most well-known universities:
a) the university of Cambridge
b) the university of Oxford
c) the university of Glasgow
Match the description with the word
a. The head of a school
b. Someone who teaches at
3. COMPULSORY EDUCATION
4. DEPUTY HEAD
7. HEAD TEACHER
c. Math, English, History
d. Someone who is in the same class
e. Child at primary school
f. You have to go to school
g. Is in charge of school when the
headmaster is away
1a, 2e, 3f, 4g, 5b, 6c, 7a
Education in England. In: Wikipedia: the free encyclopedia [online]. San
Francisco (CA): Wikimedia Foundation, 2001- [cit. 2014-09-05]. Dostupné z:
EL-HMOUDOVÁ, Dagmar. Angličtina: maturitní témata. 2. vyd. Třebíč: Petra
Velanová, 2007, 223 s. Maturita (Petra Velanová). ISBN 978-80-86873-04-6.