I+D in Spain - Sauvons la recherche
Transcript I+D in Spain - Sauvons la recherche
I+D in Spain
Diagnostic and avenues
Spanish Association for the
Advancement of Science and Technology
•Promote scientific quality and research excelence.
•Foster the increase in public and private investment in research, aiming at
the levels of other Western countries.
•Oversee the legality of hiring practices and promotion procedures at
Universities and research centres, following criteria of public diffusion,
transparency, meritocracy and equal opportunity.
•Provide a link among researchers in Spain and abroad, facilitating the
interchange of ideas and interdisciplinary research.
•Promote the access of scientific and technical knowledge to the general
Who we are?
The most interdisciplinary research association in Spain –
138 members, from all fields of knowledge, positions and
Asociación Nacional de Investigadores Ramón y Cajal
Federación de Jóvenes Investigadores –
General diagnostic of Spanish
• Lack of a consistent research policy.
Funding strategy contingent on
economic context. Top management
positions without research/technology
• Lack of evaluation of research strategy
or scientific quality for Universities and
• No incentive for University research.
University funding almost fully related
to number of students.
• Among the lowest in the EU: ~1% of
GDP, versus 1.9-3% for EU-USA-Japan.
• Large variation among regional
governments: from 1.6% of GDP in
Madrid to 0.28% in Balearic Islands.
• Increase in funding by 2005, but largely
devoted to military innovation and
credits to BES.
Regional distribution of I+D
Resources devoted to I+D
% of total
Private participation in I+D expenditure
Estimated GDP for 2005 ($)
8th world´s economy
But I+D expenditure
•14th of EU-25
(per million inhabitants)
•26th of OCDE
•32th of the world
8% of EU´s economy but
only 1% of EU´s patents
Proportion or researchers per sector
(%o of working force).
Amount of professionals working in I+D: lowest in
EU-15, together with Italy, Greece and Portugal.
Current government goals
• 2% GDP by 2010. 25% annual increase in
public funding, including credits to BES.
• 55% of BES funding by 2010 .
• Increased participation in EU Programs.
• Funding large industrial research-lines.
• Funding risk enterprises.
• Increasing University-BES integration.
• Consolidate leader groups & recover
• Direct copy of EU´s
• Gives up innovative research
& young researchers´ talent!
• Lack of a coherent and atractive
• PhD researchers hired on grants,
without basic worker’s rights.
• Long sequence of posdoctoral grants,
including RyC and FIS contracts
(initially conceived as tenure-tracks)
without a clear prospect of permanent
Scientific Carriere / 2
• Cronyism in hiring practices, particularly
severe at University positions. Hiring
practices are neither based on
candidates’ quality nor on the centres’
• Lack of follow-up evaluations of the
scientific productivity and quality of
permanent researchers (civil servants).
• Lack of transparency. Evaluations not
sent to researchers. Peer review
committees do not meet the standards
of quality and conflict-of-interests.
• Arbitrary cuts of requested funding.
• Unpredictable openings, short deadlines,
inadequate online facilities.
• Lack of economic and scientific
evaluation at the end of projects.
• Lack of active technology transfer from
public research centres to private
• Need for small bussines innovation
research programs, risk capital
• Lack of qualified managers for
• Lack of control: public funding used for
innovation rather than I+D.
Avenues of Action
1. Lobbying: media, complain letters,
2. Policy analysis and support
3. Observers of procedures & support to
4. Divulgation & public outreach: journal
(Apuntes de Ciencia y Tecnología),
newspaper articles, white papers on
Effects on science policy?
• Ramon y Cajal & Juan de la Cierva
• Code of conduct for hiring practices at
one University and CSIC
• INGENIO Program (e.g. increased
funding & more independence of CSIC)
• Spanish stem-cell research program
• 2+2 years PhD grant+contract program