Transcript Slide 1

January 13


, 2015

Turn in your homework.

7.1 Isolationism

 

7.2 Neutrality Copy this chart on a sheet of paper

WWII Vocab


materials used in war..i.e. weapons, ammunition, etc… 


Countries involved in war 


-partial or complete prohibition of commerce and trade with a particular country, in order to isolate it 


-to yield or concede to the belligerent demands of in a conciliatory effort, sometimes at the expense right or justice.

Who was Gerald Nye, what did he do?

He headed the committee that investigated the role played by U.S. businessmen (munitions manufactures) in the American entrance into World War I. An outspoken isolationist, he fathered the Neutrality Acts.

What were the Neutrality Acts?

 As series of legislations that attempted to keep the U.S. out of Europe’s war. (ISOLATIONISM) 1.

Forbade trade or sell of munitions to



Forbade U.S. citizens to travel on belligerents vessels 3.

Banded loans to belligerents 4.

Cash & Carry 5.

Destroyer Base Deal 6.

Lend Lease

What is the Quarantine Speech?

In response to Japanese action in China, Pres. Roosevelt delivers a speech in which he calls for peace-loving nations to act together to ( "






to protect the world from the "


" of war.

Who were the 3 anonymous aggressors Roosevelt was talking about?

JAPAN Germany Italy

What is Cash and Carry

 Allowed the sale of materiel to


, as long as the recipients arranged for the

transport using their own ships and paid immediately in cash

, assuming all risk in transportation.

What is the first peace time draft?

Selective Service Act

required that men between the ages of 21 and 35 register with local draft boards.

What was the Destroyer Base Deal

U.S. exchanges WWI destroyers for British Colonies in the western hemisphere

 Newfoundland  Bermuda  Antigua  St. Lucia  Jamaica  Trinidad  British Guiana

What is Lend Lease?

 The legislation gave President Roosevelt the

powers to sell, transfer,

exchange, lend

equipment to any country to help it defend itself against the Axis powers


Atlantic Charter

Churchill and FDR agree to defend democracy, free trade and economic advancement

no territorial gains sought by the United States or the United Kingdom;

territorial adjustments must be in accord with wishes of the people;

the right to self-determination of peoples;

• •

trade barriers lowered; global economic cooperation and advancement of social welfare;

• • •

freedom from want and fear; freedom of the seas; disarmament of aggressor nations, postwar common disarmament

On a sheet of paper make a chart like this… you will need room to write.

Italy Germany Japan Russia Fascism Mussolini Nazism Hitler Militarism Tojo Communism Stalin


= political system where the state, usually under the control of a single political person, faction, or class, recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life.

Italy Germany Japan Russia Fascism Mussolini Nazism Hitler Militarism Tojo Communism Stalin

• • • • •

State is the custodian of everything on behalf of the people.

• • •

State Ownership Classless, everyone is equal.

thinks globally community that holds the production and the major resources

State controls everything…peopl e work for the betterment of the state.

State Control State is above all. Nobody more important than the state.

• • • •

Think locally (the nation) ideology that tries to bring together radical and authoritarian nationalism.

• •

State controls everything…peopl e work for the betterment of the state.

Ethnic and Racial superiority.

Military should dominate all aspects of political, economical, and social society.

State Control State is above all. Nobody more important than the state.

• •

Think locally (the nation) ideology that tries to bring together radical and authoritarian nationalism.

A nation is only as strong as its military.

Expansion is vital for growth and survival.

The Rise of Fascism in Italy Fascism is a totalitarian form of government which: Glorifies the state Has one leader and one party All aspects of society are controlled by the government No opposition or protests are tolerated Propaganda and censorship are widely practiced If nation is Great, then the people are great.

The truth is that men are tired of liberty Benito Mussolini came to power in 1922 and helped found the political ideology of fascism. He sided with the Axis powers in 1940.

Mussolini set up a Fascist Party

and promised to

 

solve Italy’s problems rebuild Italy and recreate the

Roman Empire

Came to power in 1922 and was appointed to prevent a Communist Revolution in Italy

Mussolini set up a Fascist Party

Treaty of Versailles treated Italy unfairly…

Italy will expand by force (military)

Expanded into Africa for resources

Signed an Alliance with Hitler in 1936

What is Communism

 Belief   Rich get Richer Poor get Poorer  Goal  To eliminate social classes  Make everything fair for everyone  Problem  True communism never achieved  Greed!

Soviet Union

 Joseph Stalin (1929)  World Depression  Russia and surrounding countries in a great famine.

 “ Great Purge ” wave of repression against Stalin ’ s enemies .

 Murder 10x more people than Hitler.

 Expansion: expanding communism into western Europe.

 Non-Aggression Pact with Germany, Invaded Poland. 1939

Rise of the Nazi Party

Nazism is Fascism with 1 BIG difference!....RACE

  Each race has a characteristic.

Aryan Race is the Master Race.

 JEWS the lowest race    Corrupted other inferior races.

Wanted to take over the world Parasites that betrayed Germany  Stole work from Aryan s.

Japan Militarism

Military should dominate all aspects of political, economical, and social society.

A nation is only as strong as its military.

Expansion is vital for growth and survival.

glorification of war

Constant preparation for war.

Japanese Expansionism 1919-Post WWI Treaty of Versailles unfair.

1920s Japan seeking expansion needs natural resources 1931- Japan invades Manchuria 1932-1936 political turmoil 1936 Joins Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy to end Communism 1937 Japan began to attack China (Sino-Japanese War).

1937 US issues Oil embargo (80% dependent) In 1938, war between Japan and the Soviet Union.

China supported by US and Soviets Union, wanted to discuss peace. Roosevelt sided w/ China Nov 1941- Japan orders attack if peace fails


THE DAY OF INFAMY December 7, 1941


Japan’s aggressive expansion tactics  The U.S. demanded that Japan withdraw from China and Indochina  Japan thought that attacking the U.S. would provide them an easy win, and a territory with abundant land and resources to rule once they were victorious.

 The U.S. oil embargo against Japan was hurting Japan’s economy

Warfare Used During Attack


81 Fighter Planes 135 Dive Bombers 104 Horizontal Bombers 40 Torpedo Planes At least 5 Midget Submarines

Warfare (continued)

 United States 108 Fighter Planes (59 not available for flight) 35 Army Bombers (27 not available for flight) 993 Army/Navy Antiaircraft Guns

During the Attack

Japan was also attacking Malaya Great Britian Hong Kong United States Phillippine Islands Midway Guam Wake Island

* Japan would control the entire Pacific by December 8




Less then 100 men 29 planes 5 midget submarines -

United States

2,335 servicemen killed, 68 civilians killed, 1,178 wounded 188 planes 18 ships (8 battleships, 3 light cruisers, 3 destroyers, 4 other vessels)

Outcome of Pearl Harbor

   Japan began their quest for a Pacific empire 

December 8, 1941 FDR Speech

“Yesterday, Dec. 7, 1941 - A date which will live in infamy – the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.”

Effects of Pearl Harbor

Attack unified the division between anti/pro war supporters.

85% of Fleet destroyed

Except Air craft carriers & submarines

Led to Japanese interment camps.

Huge mobilization effort

  

Men enlist to fight Women take jobs Minorities step up in employment and in War.


Make a chart with a section for each of he following concepts Mobilization Cooperation Women African Americans/ Hispanics Japanese Americans / Other Minorities


Building an Army

   Selective Service Act 1940 First Peace Time Draft Highly opposed until Germany defeated France (Spring 1941)  16 Million Americans served in the armed forces.


Americans converted their auto industry into a war industry

Automobile plants produced

   

tanks, planes, boats, Jeeps

Produced 1/3 of military equipment during the war.

Converting the Economy

Cost Plus Contracts- Govt.

 agrees to pay pvt. Companies for production + %.

Reconstruction Finance Corp.

 Made loans to pvt. Companies to make munitions.

War Production Board

 supervised and regulated the production and sale of material essential to the logistics of World War II.

2. Cooperation

Paying for the War

War Bonds

E, Victory, Liberty, Loans

Buy a bond and cash it in later for a profit.

$100,000,000 generated.


 People were given ration coupons for goods such as gas, coffee, sugar, tires, and meats.  Recycled items such as tin, metal, rubber and grease.


Rationing Coupons-

 Traded in coupons for goods

Price Controls

 Office of Price Controls  Regulated prices and Wages

Victory Gardens

Public Gardens for food consumptions planted in public places     Parks Schoolyards Empty lots Yards

American Women During WWII


 Join the workforce  Took jobs vacated by fighting men  Joined the army    Nurses, Secretaries Women’s Army Corps 64,000 enlisted  New fashion    Jeans Overalls Head scarves


African-Americans Work

 Great Migration Resumes.

 Southern Blacks move to North for jobs  Protest unfair hiring practices  FDR issues

Executive Order 8802

(no discrimination for employment based on race)  Received more jobs and more equality (

prelude to civil rights movement


Segregated Army

Double V campaign

 

Abroad (enemy) Home (racism)

Tuskegee Airmen

Fighter squadron

761st Tank Battalion

Battle of the Bulge

African Americans War

Desegregated Bases




 Bracero Program  A Mexican laborer allowed into the United States for a limited time as a seasonal agricultural worker.

 Zoot Suit Riots  1943 L.A. Young Mexican Americans vs US Sailors  Fought in the war


Japanese Americans

 Japanese-Americans loyalty questioned after Pearl Harbor  Forced to sell homes and relocate to internment camps 

Korematsu v. USA

 Internment camps constitutional based on military urgency not on race  442nd combat regiment  Fought in the war

Native Americans in WWII

1 out of 3 Native Americans served in WWII  Many of them became part of the group, the

Navajo Code-Talkers

 The Code-Talkers used their own languages to communicate messages across enemy lines  Messages intercepted but not translated.


 Travel, property restrictions  Internment camps  Spies  Ridicule