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TECHNOLOGICAL
COMPETENCY AS CARING IN
NURSING
BY ROZZANO C. LOCSIN
Ferris State University
Nursing 501
Reviewed by Jennifer Scott, Constance Vanderboon,
Sandra Hannon
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OBJECTIVES
 The student will be able to:
 Define Locsin’s theory
 Identify nursing metaparadgim concepts
 Identify the criteria for evaluating Locsin’s Theory
 Describe the purpose of research article
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OBJECTIVES CONTINUED
 Identify how Locsin’s Theory was reflected in the
research article
 Identify how in the research article would have been
different without the framework
 Describe how the theory could be applied in practice
 Identify the tie between theory and practice
 Identify the importance to differentiating nursing
knowledge from other disciplines
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OVERVIEW OF THEORY
 “Technological competency as caring is the skilled
demonstration of intentional, deliberate, and authentic
activities by experienced nurses who practice in
environments requiring technological expertise.”
 Knowing
 Designing
 Implementing & Evaluating
 Verifying Knowledge

Locsin & Waraporn, 2011, p. 30
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PARADIGM CONCEPTS
 Health
 Nursing
 Environment
 Person
 Locsin’s Theoretical Framework
 Locsin, 2006, p. 381
 Masters, 2012, p. 48
 Future, 2011
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EVALUATION
 Accuracy
 Technology continues to evolve and encompasses the
majority of functional activities that nurses are expected to
perform, especially in a clinical setting.
 Simplicity
 The relationships noted in Locsin’s theory include three
main components of “caring in nursing, human beings as
persons, and technological competence”
 Dudley-Brown, 1997, p. 80
 Locsin, 2006, p. 382
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EVALUATION CONTINUED
 Scope
 The scope of Locsin’s theory is narrow using technology,
caring, and knowing persons
 Acceptance
 The broad concepts of caring and technology have been
applied to nursing and critical care practice by a number
of authors, including Locsin. These authors have taken
the use of caring and technology in the direction of an
optimistic, holistic view.
 Price, 2013, p. 280
 Dudley-Brown, 1997, p. 80
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EVALUATION CONTINUED
 Socio-cultural Utility
 Nursing occurs in critical care settings when technologies
are used competently with the genuine purpose to know
patients wholly, who are in the course of living and
growing in caring.
 Locsin, 1998, p. 55
 Dudley-Brown, 1997, p. 80
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VALUING CARING BEHAVIORS
WITHIN SIMULATED EMERGENT
NURSING SITUATIONS'
Terry Eggenberger, RN, PhD(c), Kathryn Keller,
RN, PhD, & Rozzano C. Locsin, RN, PhD, FAAN.
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OVERVIEW
 Students demonstrate caring behaviors with patients in
emergent situations using a simulation lab
THEORY REFLECTED
 Locsin presented a foundational viewpoint of technological
competency as caring in nursing in which technological
knowing demonstrates the focused attention that the nurse
makes toward persons as contributors in their care rather
than objects of their care.
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QUESTIONS
 “How can a student be taught caring using simulation
technology?
 “Can caring nursing be taught using simulation technology?”
METHODS
 Qualitative focus group research
method
 Semi structured group sessions
 Integrating, n.d.
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HOW THE STUDY WOULD HAVE
BEEN DIFFERENT
 Find another study that would have addressed caring and
technology
 Getting to know the patient
 No framework to balance nursing care and technology
 Eggenberger, T., Keller, K., & Locsin, R.
(2010).
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THEORY IN PRACTICE
 Using technologies in nursing practice is only one way to
know persons as whole
 Understand data is only current in the moment
 Invasive lines
 Focus on person in the moment to individualize care
 Vital signs
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THEORY IN PRACTICE CONTINUED
 Maintain current in technologies
 Simulated learning
 Medication scanners
 Databases
 No technology should be the focus of care. Technologies
provide one component to knowing persons complete
and in the moment.
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THEORY VS. PRACTICE
 Nursing Theory
 Conclusions of real events and conditions
 Nursing Practice
 Actual work performed by nurses.
 Relationship, (n.d.).
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IMPORTANCE OF NURSING
KNOWLEDGE
 Nursing’s unique body of knowledge
 Theories act as the foundation for nursing practice
 Butts, Rich, & Fawcett, 2012
 Carper, 1978
 Knowledge, 2005, November 29
 Mallik, Hall, & Howard, 2009, p. 1
 Profession, n.d..
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REFERENCES
 Butts, J. B., Rich, K. L., & Fawcett, J. (2012). The future of nursing:
how important is discipline-specific knowledge? A conversation
with Jacquelin Fawcett. Nursing Science Quarterly, 25(2), 151154. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0894318412437955
 Carper, B. A. (1978). Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing.
Advances in Nursing Science, 13-24. Retrieved from
http://journals.laww.com/advancesinnursingscience/Citation/1978/
10000/Fundamen tal_Patterns_of_Knowing_in_Nursing.4aspx.
 Defining nursing knowledge. (2005, November 29). Nursing times.
Retrieved from http://www.nursingtime.net/nursingpractice/clinical-zomes/educators/defining-nursingknowledge/203491.article.
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REFERENCES CONTINUED
 Eggenberger, T., Keller, K., & Locsin, R. C. (2010). Valuing caring
behaviors within simulated emergent nursing situaions.
International Journal for Human Caring, 14(2), 23-29.
 Future of nursing [Drawing]. (2011). Retrieved from
http://magazine.nursing.jhu.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2011/07/p30_FutureofNursing.jpg.
 Integrating technology into nursing [Photograph]. (n.d.). Retrieved
fromhttp://www.nursingknowledge.org/integrating-technology-innursing.html.
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REFERENCES CONTINUED
 Locsin, R. C. (2006). Technological Competency as Caring and the
Practice of Knowing Persons as Whole. Parker, M.E. (2nd ed.) In
Nursing Theories & Nursing Practice. Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis
Company.
 Locsin, R. C., & Waraporn, K. (2011). The invisible person in a
technological world of nursing practice. UPNAAI Nursing
Journal, 7(1), 27-31.
 Locsin, R. (1998). Technologic competence as caring in critical care
nursing. Holistic Nursing Practice, 12(4), 50-56.
 Masters, K. (2012). Nursing theories: a framework for professional
practice. Retrieved from
http://samples.jbpub.com/9781449691509/81982_CH02_Pass1.pdf.
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REFERENCES CONTINUED
 Price, A. M. (2013). Caring and technology in an intensive care unit: an
ethnographic study. Nursing in Critical Care, 18: 278–288.
doi: 10.1111/nicc.12032.
 Profession. (n.d.). Retrieved March 22, 2014, from
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/profession.
 What is the relationship between nursing theory and nursing practice.
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-therelationship-between-nursing-theory-and-nursing-practice.htm.
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