Transcript Unit 3 * A Turbulent Time
Names and Terms to Know
Charles I Parliament Oliver Cromwell Puritans Restoration Glorious Revolution Enlightenment Age of Reason
Look at the timeline on page 422…
Identify the key political events of the age.
What trend in publishing characterizes the era?
Charles I and Parliament – frequently clashed over money, he dissolved it and didn’t call them into session for 11 years Had issues with religious due to trying to get them to conform Civil War – Cromwell defeated the royalist army and took Charles as prisoner, he was beheaded New government was known as the English Commonwealth he was named Lord Protector and was a virtual dictator
When Cromwell died Charles II was crown He promoted composers and painters James II was his successor was a devout Catholic Parliament invited his Protestant daughter Mary to rule with her husband William of Orange James escaped to France and this was known as the Glorious Revolution because no blood was shed Bill of Rights – limited constitutional monarchy Conservatives, aristocratic Tories and the merchant class Whigs
The beginning of the Industrial Revolution Steam engine, loom – economic revolution increased Britain's wealth The Enlightenment – through reason and observation of nature, human beings could discover the order underlying all things Sir Isaac Newton Mills and factories and poor working conditions were prevalent
Literature of the Period
Jonson – strove for perfection and harmony in the classical authors Donne – Metaphysical poetry (unusual degree of intellectualism) new, witty, cerebral style Puritan Writers – John Milton – Calvinist educated in Greek and Latin, studied the Old Testament, epic
John Bunyan The Pilgrim’s Progress an allegory
Dryden – From 1660 to 1700 (Restoration) poet laurate focused on the achievements of humanity Restoration Theater – noted for comedies Alexander Pope – neoclassical style, exhibiting wit, elegance, and moderation The Rape of Lock Jonathon Swift – Gulliver’s Travels critical of the merchant class Other authors = Defoe, Addison, Steele, and Johnson 1800s will be an age of the language of everyday life, realistic