Glossary Of Usage - Rowan County Schools

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Transcript Glossary Of Usage - Rowan County Schools

Glossary Of Usage

Warriner’s English Composition and Grammar

a, an

• These short words are called indefinite articles. They refer to one general group. • Rule: • Use

a

use

an

before words beginning with a consonant sound; before words beginning with a vowel sound. •

An

is used before hour because hour begins with a vowel sound. • Examples: •

A

woman bought Larry’s car. • Maria was in

an

accident in her father’s car.

accept, except

• Rule: •

Accept

is a verb; it means “to receive.” •

Except

as a verb means “to leave out”; as a preposition it means “excluding.” • Examples: • • I

accepted

the gift gratefully. Debbie has a perfect attendance record, if you

except

the day she stayed home with the flu. • We were busy every evening this week

except

Tuesday.

adapt, adopt

• Rule: •

Adapt

means “to change in order to fit or be more suitable; to adjust.” •

Adopt

means “to take something and make it one’s own.” • Examples: • When it rained on the day of the senior class picnic, we

adapted

our plans. • The Broadway play was

adapted

miniseries. from a popular television • The couple who

adopted

the baby read many books and

adopted

some suggestions for infant care.

affect, effect

• Rule: •

Affect

is usually a verb; it means “to impress” or “to influence (frequently the mind or feelings.)” •

Effect

as a verb means “to accomplish, to bring about.” •

Effect

as a noun means “the result of some action.” • Examples: • Try not to let careless remarks

affect

• you. The school board

effected

(brought about) drastic changes in the budget. • The

effects

(results) of the hurricane were shown on the evening news. Video: http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=Examples+of+Affect+Vs.+Effect&Form= VQFRVP#view=detail&mid=BD59B16A8ED6C56ED431BD59B16A8ED6C56ED431 Practice for affect/effect Activity: Complete on your own. Compare with a partner. Vote as a class. Check responses. http://www.towson.edu/ows/_vti_bin/shtml.dll/exerciseaffect2.htm

all the farther, all the faster

• Rule: • Used informally in some parts of the country to mean “as far as, as fast as.” • Examples: • Dialect: • Thirty miles per hour was

all the faster

the first airplane could travel. • Standard: • Thirty miles per hour was

as fast as

the first airplane could travel.

allusion, illusion

• Rule: • An

allusion

is a reference to something. • An

illusion

is a mistaken idea. • Examples: • • In her essay she made many

allusions

to the American pioneers. The behind-the-scenes report destroyed her

illusions

Hollywood. of

alumni, alumnae

• Rule: •

Alumni

is the plural of alumnus (male graduate). •

Alumnae

is the plural of alumna (female graduate). • The graduates of a co-educational school are referred to (as a group) as

alumni

. • Examples: • All of my sisters are

alumnae

of Adam’s High School. • • Both men are

alumni

of Harvard. My parents went to their college

alumni

reunion.

amount, number

• Rule: • Use

amount

to refer to a singular word. • Use

number

to refer to a plural word. • Examples: • The

amount

of research (singular) on stress is overwhelming. • A

number

of reports (plural) on stress are available.

and etc.

• Rule: • Since

etc.

is an abbreviation of the Latin et cetera, which means “and other things,” you are using and twice when you write “and etc.” • Examples: • The new store in the mall sells DVDs, cameras, radios, video games,

etc.

and which, but which

• • Rule: • The expressions

and which, but which (and who, but who)

should be used only when a

which (or who)

clause precedes them in the sentence. Examples: • Nonstandard: Our jazz band was pleased with the audience’s enthusiastic response

and which

we had not expected before the concert. • Standard: Our jazz band was please with the audience’s response,

which

was enthusiastic

and which

we had not expected before the concert. • Standard: Our jazz band was please with the audience’s enthusiastic response,

which

we had not expected before the concert.

anywheres, everywheres, nowheres

Rule: • Use these words and others like them without the final s. • Examples: • I could not find my keys

anywhere

; I looked

everywhere

, but they were

nowhere

in the house.

at

• Rule: • Do not use

at

after

where

. • Examples: • Nonstandard:

Where

are they living

at

now? • Standard:

Where

are they living now?

Formative Assessment:

• • • Complete

Exercise 1

on your own without using your notes. Once you have finished, partner up and discuss your answers. You may use your notes as reference at this point. Each group member must have the right answer AND understand the justification of that answer. • I will be calling on students to tell me the correct answer AND explain why it is the correct answer.