Ropeways in North America – Impacts, Benefits and Outlook

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Transcript Ropeways in North America – Impacts, Benefits and Outlook

ROPEWAYS IN NORTH AMERICA

IMPACTS, BENEFITS AND OUTLOOK

Jim Fletcher, P.E.

Engineering Specialties Group OITAF CONGRESS - RIO de JANEIRO October 27, 2011

PURPOSE

HISTORICAL IMPACTS AND BENEFITS OF ROPEWAYS OUTLOOKS FOR ROPE TRASNPORTATION-NEXT 25 YEARS 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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HISTORICAL IMPACTS

First Used in Asiatic Countries in the 1400’s.

Used by the Spanish Conquistadors in the Gold Mines of Columbia in South America circa 1530s.

Significant use in North America in the late 1800’s for Gold and Silver 4000 Material Ropeways Built in North America since 1860 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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HISTORICAL IMPACTS

PASSENGER TRANSPORT – FUNICULARS SAN FRANCISCO CABLE CARE – 1870s LOS ANGLES ECHO MOUNTAIN – 1890s LOS ANGLES MT. WASHINGTON – 1900s CHATTANOGGA LOOKOUT MTN – 1895 PITTSBURGH DUQUESNE - 1877 PITTSBURGH MONONGAHELIA - 1870 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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HISTORICAL IMPACTS

PASSENGER TRANSPORT – URBAN ROOSEVELT ISLAND TRAM NEW YORK 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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HISTORICAL IMPACTS

PASSENGER TRANSPORT – AUTOMATED PEOPLE MOVERS CIRCUS CIRCUS SHUTTLE LAS VEGAS – 1981 MUD ISLAND MONORAIL MEMPHIS, TN – 1982 CINCINNATI AIRPORT - 1994 Mandalay Bay Zurich Airport 10/27/2011 Mexico City Airport Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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HISTORICAL IMPACTS

PASSENGER TRANSPORT – SKI RESORT ROPEWAYS FIRST CHAIRLIFT SUN VALLEY IDAHO - 1937 FIRST DOUBLE CHAIRLIFT BERTHOUD PASS - 1946 1300 AERIAL SYSTEMS 1960 TO 1990 FIRST 4-P DETACHABLE CHARILIFT BRECKENRIDGE - 1981 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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MARKET IMPACTS

PRECIOUS METALS – LATE 1800s SKIING – POST WWII 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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MARKET IMPACTS

SKIING National Ski Areas Associate, www.nsaa.org

Technical Director, 133 South Van Gordon St, Suite 300, Lakewood, CO. 80228, (303) 987-1111, [email protected] Active Tramway Database, Sid Roslund, 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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MARKET IMPACTS

AUTOMATED PEOPLE MOVERS

OPERATOR Circus Circus - LV Circus Circus - Reno Mandalay Bay - LV Mirage Treasurer Is Primadonna - NV City Center – LV Mud Island – TN Getty Center – CA Huntsville – AL YEAR BUILT

1981 1986 1989 1994 1990 2009 1981 1997 2002

PASS/DAY

4000 6000 75000 5000 5000 10000 2000 15000 2000

MANUFACTURER

SDI SDI DCC SDI SDI DCC SDI Otis Otis Table 1 - APM Rope Systems – Leisure & Institutional Fabian, Lawrence, Airfront.21, www.airfront.us

, [email protected]

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MARKET IMPACTS

AUTOMATED PEOPLE MOVERS

AIRPORT Cincinnati – OH Detroit - MI Mexico City - Mexico Minneapolis – MN Minneapolis – MN Toronto - Canada Birmingham – UK Tokyo – Narita Zurich – SW YEAR BUILT

1994 2002 2007 2000 2004 2005 2003 1992 2003

PASS/DAY

35000 50000 25000 10000 7000 25000 10000 40000 30000

MANUFACTURER

Table 2 - APM Rope Systems – Airports Otis Otis DCC Poma-Otis Poma-Otis DCC DCC Otis Poma-Otis 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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MARKET IMPACTS

AERIAL CABIN ROPEWAYS Cannon Mountain Tramway Roosevelt Island Tramway 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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MARKET IMPACTS

AERIAL CABIN ROPEWAYS Portland Tramway 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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BENEFITS

Economic

Safety

Environment

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BENEFITS

Economic - Skiing

 75,000,000 Skier-Day Visits in North America  $3,000,000,000 Annual Investment Potential  $5,650,000,000 Annual Revenue  Winter Employment – 155,000  Summer Employment – 27,000 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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BENEFITS

Economic – Automated People Movers

 APM Systems - $7M - $25M per Mile  Self-Propelled - $40M - $100M per Mile  Airport Systems N/A – 25% Rope Propelled  Airport Systems World – 18% Rope Propelled  Ridership – 13% - 14% of Airport Systems 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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BENEFITS

Safety

 1960 to 2010 - 2,800,000,000 Skier-Day Visits  1960 to 2010 - 18,200,000,000 Passengers 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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Table 3 – Ropeway Accidents North America

BENEFITS - Safety

LOCATION DATE FATALITY INJURY COMMENT Nebraska Fair Raton Pass, NM Pomerelle, Idaho Vail, CO Jiminy Peak, MA Hunter Mountain, NY Squaw Valley, CA

7/65 6/68 1/73 3/76 1/77 1/78 4/78 2 1 4 4 48 7 10 5 10 4 32 Gondola-Tower Failure Chairlift-Rollback Chairlift-Rollback Gondola TR Wire Chairlift Deropement Chairlift Rollback Tram-TR Derope Wind

Heavenly, CA Big Powderhorn, MI Keystone, CO Maple Mtn, MI Sierra Ski Ranch, CA Whistler, B.C., Canada Snow Valley, Ont., Can Lutsen Mtn, MN Angels Flight, L.A., CA

4/81 2/84 12/85 12/89 4/93 12/95 12/96 8/00 2/01 1 2 1 1 2 1 17 8 48 1 10 1 6 7 Chairlift-Deropement Mechanic in BW Chairlift-BW Failure Tow-Clothing Caught Grip Caught in Sheave Chairlift-Grip Detach Chairlift Deropement Gondola-Grip Failure Funicular-Brake Failure 1

Mt. Sunapee, NH Blackcome, B.C., Can.

Heavenly, CA Devils Head, WI Sugarloaf, ME

12/07 12/08 9/09 1 1 10 1 Chairlift-BW Derope Gondola-Tower Failure Zip Caught Chari 12/09 14 Chairlift-Rollback 12/10 8 Chairlift-Deropement

Table 3 – Ropeway Accidents North America

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BENEFITS - Safety

COMPARISON Ropeways Airlines Transit FATALITIES

21 3277 5681

PASS (x10 6 )

18,196 19,180 176,400

RATE

0.001154

0.170100

0.032210

PERIOD

1960-2010 1960-2010 1990-2010

Airlines Transit Table 4 – Fatality Rate per Million Passengers COMPARISON FATALITIES PASS MILES (x10 8 ) Ropeways

21 127.4

1482 5681 107,170 8,308

RATE

0.1648

0.0138

0.6840

Table 5 – Fatality Rate per 100 Million Passengers Miles PERIOD

1960-2010 1991-2010 1990-2010

COMPARISON Ski Lifts Elevators Automobiles YEARLY PASS MILES (x10 6 )

224.25

1,360

AVERAGE # OF FATALITIES/YR.

0.324

6.000

2,925,000 39,000

Table 6 – Fatality Rate Comparison NSAA RATE PER 100 MILLION MILES

0.144

0.441

1.330

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BENEFITS

Environmental

 Minimal Infrastructure Along the Alignment  Transportation in Biologically Sensitive Areas  Minimal Use of Resources per Passenger-Mile of Transport  Minimal Visual Impact Mt. Roberts - AK Skyrail Rain Forest Whistler-Blackcomb - CAN 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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BENEFITS

Environmental

1.Planning, Design, and Construction 2.Water Use for Snowmaking 3.Water Use in Facilities 4.Water Use for Landscaping and Summer 5.Water Quality Management 6.Wastewater Management 7.Energy Use for Facilities 8.Energy Use for Snowmaking 9.Energy Use for Lifts 10.Energy Use for Vehicle Fleets 11.Waste Reduction 12.Recycling

13.Potentially Hazardous Wastes 14.Fish and Wildlife Management 15.Forest and Vegetative Management 16.Wetlands and Riparian Areas 17.Air Quality 18.Visual Quality 19.Transportation

20.Education and Outreach 21.Product Re-use 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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OUTLOOK

Overall Economy

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OUTLOOK

Overall Economy

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OUTLOOK

Ski Resort Health

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OUTLOOK

Recreational Ropeway Potential Investment

 Capital Expenditure 2004-2011 - $437,700,000  Seven Year Average - $62,500,000  Annual Required VTFH Replacement - 200,000  Average Cost per VTFH - $1,050  Required Investment – $210,000,000  Total Potential Resort Investment - $3,000,000,000 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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OUTLOOK

Ropeway APM Potential Investment

 One Airport System since 2005 – Mexico City by DCC  Six Airport Systems – 2000 through 2005  City Center Las Vegas – 10,000 passengers per day  Oerias Lisbon – 1000 passengers per day  Perugia Italy – 30,000 passengers per day  Venice – Transit Link Mexico City City Center Venice Lisbon Perugia 10/27/2011 Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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OUTLOOK

Ropeway APM Potential Investment

Doha Caracas 10/27/2011 Oakland Jim Fletcher, P.E.

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CONCLUSIONS

Ropeways Have Provided the Safest Means of Public Transport for the last 50 years.

Last 50 Years – 18,000,000,000 Passengers Annual Ropeway Transport – 500,000,000 Resort Market Investment - $250,000,000

www.engineeringspecialtiesgroup.com

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