MDG and Community Nutrition

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Transcript MDG and Community Nutrition

MDG and Community Nutrition
Aang Setiawan
Fajar Faisal Putra
Jihan Alifa S
Marsha Marvella
M. Dilga caesario
M. Solehudin
Nanda Fitri W
Nasika Celia D
Rahmayeni E
Randhi Rinaldi
MDGs related to community nutrition
Poverty, and Manpower’s Intellectual
Undernutrition triggers an array of health problems in children, many of which
can become chronic. It can lead to extreme weight loss, stunted growth,
weakened resistance to infection and, in the worst cases, early death. The
effects can be particularly devastating in the first few years of life, when the
body is growing rapidly and the need for calories and nutrients is greatest.
Inadequate nutrition can also disrupt cognition-although in different ways than
were previously assumed. At one time, underfeeding in childhood was thought
to hinder mental development solely by producing permanent, structural
damage to the brain. More recent work, however, indicates that malnutrition
can impair the intellect by other means as well. Furthermore, even in cases
where the brain’s hardware is damaged, some of the injury may be reversible.
Relationship between malnutrition and urban
Food sources and costs
Variable prices of food and fuel periodically force urban families to decrease
the frequency or quality of food consumed by family members.
The urban poor often have low-paying, unstable jobs, leading to highly
variable wages. food expenditures are sometimes the only way to reduce
family expenditures – giving families no choice but to select less nutritious
and poorer quality foods.
Inadequate Housing
Small houses/spaces force families to spend most of their time outside on the
street where children are exposed to constant circulation of food vendors,
open sewage and contaminated water.
Urban diets
Child Caregiving
Rural/urban, inter-urban and intra-urban inequalities
Safety Nets
Relationship between malnutrition and
rural/paternalistic culture
Researchers have found that membership in certain cultural groups can
imply greater malnutrition rates compared to neighbours with other
ethnic backgrounds. A study in Guatemala found that "controlling for
income and other household and community characteristics, ethnicity
remains an important determinant of child nutritional status. An
investigation in the Bolivian Andes concluded that although the level of
education of the mother was an important factor, the fact that the
mother was Quechua rather than Aimara was also significant for
explaining malnutrition, after having taken education levels into
account. Perhaps the internal equilibrium or logic of food and
production systems in these societies has been undermined by external
influences, or knowledge is not being shared as successfully over
What doctor should know about affordable
healthy nutrition?
 Cheap foods
 Cheap ingredients
 How to make varied delicious healthy food with
cheap ingredients