National Brain Bank: Essential for suicide prevention

download report

Transcript National Brain Bank: Essential for suicide prevention

National Brain Bank: Essential for suicide prevention

Jill M. Harkavy-Friedman, PhD Advocacy Forum 2014 Washington, DC

Learning from the brain

Suicide is related to brain structure and function Specific parts of the brain relate to suicide Brain chemicals relate to suicidal behavior Gene expression in the brain is different for those who die by suicide Suicidal people make decisions differently Medications that affect brain chemicals can reduce suicide

AFSP & Brain function

Victoria Arango 1990-present (Columbia University)  Post-mortem brain studies showed: Serotonin, a neurotransmitter associated with depression and impulsivity, was decreased in the frontal cortex, the part of the brain that controls and manages our decision making. People with depression who died by suicide had more, rather than fewer, serotonin neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus

Genetics of the brain

Gustavo Turecki 2000’s(SRG; McGill Univeristy)  Post-mortem brain studies showed: In the frontal cortex, the gene TrkB-T1 presents at lower rates in those who died by suicide than in others.

The frontal cortex is involved in the organization and inhibition of behavior, and lowered functioning has been found to relate to rigid thinking and impulsiveness.

Brain in action

Jeff Bridge (YIG; Ohio State University)  Demonstrated that rigid thinking, impulsive behavior and poor decision-making was elevated in adolescents who had made suicide attempts.

Hillary Blumberg (SRG; Yale University)  Decrease in frontal white matter integrity in adolescents with depression who made suicide attempts.

Anthony Ruocco (YIG; U of Toronto Scarborough)  Testing the effect of DBT on brain function

A National Brain Bank

Strength in numbers Standardization Accessibility Longevity Innovation

A National Brain bank can save lives

Learn more about AFSP research at www.afsp.org