Housing, yhb - 2015-Sec2-Geog
Housing, yhb - 2015-Sec2-Geog
• Lack of safe shelter
• Insufficient basic services
• Elements of inclusive housing
• Affordable housing
• Facilities and amenities for all ages
• Strong sense of place and belonging
What causes housing shortages?
Rapid population growth
Migration (rural-urban migration), international migration etc..
High Birth Rates in cities, compared to the average for the country
Limited land in cities
About one billion people live in slums and the
Competing land use
highest concentration of them can be found in
Asia.. where about 20 million people live in slums
in the Philippines
Thus housing supply cannot match the demand.
So many will stay in slum areas /squatters
Look through the images on slum areas, list some of the
characteristics of those areas
Walkthrough of slums in Manila:
Watch the following links on the housing and other related
issues. What do you think we could do to improve the
There are series of documentaries on Manila Slums. Watch
and understand some of the conditions faced by the slum
Common traits of slums around the world
• Lack of basic services or amenities such as access to clean water, basic sewage
facilities, waste disposal
• Also no or limited supply of electricity, lack of accessibility/transport.
• Often built on marginal lands: along the river (flood prone), along railway tracks, on
the city fringe, built on steep slopes (prone to landslides), wasteland or old mining
• Houses/shelters are arranged haphazardly, no proper planning of the areas.
• Houses are built of materials such as cardboards, plastic sheets, or materials
salvaged by the occupants, which do not provide a safe shelter
• Squatters often built on land without the permission from the government
Changes in Housing in Spore
Pre and post independence
Singapore in the 1960’s and 1970’s
Singapore in the 1960’s and 1970’s footage
walking through memory lane
Central Business District
Identify some of the changes in the architecture as shown in the
picture (Eg: Chinatown vs the CBD)
Towards greater inclusiveness
According to official data, the median Singaporean worker experienced real wage growth of 5.2 per cent
(including employer CPF) from 2009 to last year. The prices of new and resale HDB flats have gone up by 12 per
cent and 45 per cent respectively during the same period.
Middle-income families could well be bearing the brunt of the increase in housing prices, as the low-income
families receive a lot more aid from the State.
The Government has realised the problem and acted on it quickly. During this year’s Budget speech, a slew of
measures was announced to meet the diverse housing needs of those who were previously sidelined. First-timer
singles, expectant mums, parents with young children and Singaporean with foreign spouses all had their fair
shares of the pie after recent tweaks in housing policies.
Discuss why there’s an urgent need to have greater
inclusiveness in providing public housing in Spore?
More information on Spore property and rental
Describe the trend shown in the
Explain the trend you have
Why is the price for property (esp HDBs)
skyrocketed in the recent years?
Are the PRs to be blamed in this case?
Refer to the following link to understand more on
What can be done/has been done to solve the
problems of housing shortages in Spore?
• List and suggest the steps taken by Spore government in tackling the
housing problems in S’pore.
• Discuss the effectiveness of such measures.
• Write your answer on foolscap paper and share your findings
Property cooling measures (Visit the following link..)
• Online resources
• URA Website:
• Walkthrough of slums in Manila:
http://www.justonewayticket.com/2014/05/11/smokey-mountain-a-walk-through-the-slums-of-manila• Slums in India:
• Hong Kong Housing Problems: