Transcript Chapter 5, lesson 3
Unequal Opportunities Chapter 5, Lesson 3
Mr. Julian’s 5th grade class
How did prejudice and segregation affect people’s lives?
Chicago, Illinois Tuskegee, Alabama Places
Jack L. Cooper W.E.B. Du Bois Booker T. Washington George Washington Carver Ida Wells-Barnett People
Tenant Enfranchise Great Migration Vocabulary
The South after Reconstruction After the Civil War, the south was the poorest part of the country until the 1930’s.
Many blacks and poor whites became tenant farmers, or someone who pays rent to use land or buildings.
The South’s poverty was due to the destruction caused from the Civil War.
The South after Reconstruction Three institutions grew up in the South in a reaction to the poverty and the lack of the federal governments involvement.
1. Sharecropping 2. One-party politics 3. Racial segregation Southern Democrats turned to the recently enfranchised , or having the right to vote, African Americans
Prejudice and Segregation Jim Crow Laws made segregation legal in the south.
Not only African American faced prejudice and segregation, in some areas Hispanics also faced harsh treatment.
Chinese in the West faced brutal treatment.
In 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act became law preventing Chinese immigration.
Prejudice and Segregation Different racial or ethnic groups were segregated well into the 1900’s. One way this happened was to limit housing.
Great Migration Many African Americans living in the South began looking for a better life.
Northern newspapers told of better jobs and homes for African Americans Friends that had moved to the north also told of a better life in the north.
A Chicago, Illinois Defender, encouraged African Americans to come to Chicago.
newspaper, The Chicago
Great Migration Many organizations tried to help those that had recently arrived to the North.
Between 1915 and the 1940’s, more than a million African Americans moved north.
This movement became know as the Great Migration .
There were many jobs available in factories in the north, especially when the United States entered World War One in 1917.
Life in the North Life in the North was not as welcoming as many African Americans had hoped.
Many whites would refuse to rent to African Americans so they were forced into overcrowded neighborhoods.
There were many jobs for black workers but they rarely would get promoted as often as white workers.
Life in the North Some did find a better life.
Jack L. Cooper becoming the first African American disc jockey.
created his own radio show, Most blacks earned more money and had better lives than those that lived in the South.
New Leaders Arise African American leaders spoke out against discrimination.
W.E.B. Du Bois , in 1909, helped form the N.A.A.C.P. (National Association for the Advancement for Colored People).
, in 1881, founded the Tuskegee Institute, in Tuskegee, Alabama George Washington Carver at Tuskegee joined the staff
Others Join the Fight Ida Wells-Barnett helped form an African American newspaper. She also tried to get voting rights for African American women.
She also fought, and won, a battle to avoid segregation in Illinois.
Timeline 1877 - Reconstruction ends 1909 - The NAACP is formed 1915 - The Great Migration Begins