01A History of Small Animals PPT

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Transcript 01A History of Small Animals PPT

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Throughout history, animals have played
a key role in human life
 We have depended upon animals for
› Food
› Clothing
› Transportation
There is a symbiotic relationships
between small animals and humans
People initially viewed animals as a source
of food and used skins for clothing
The first animal to go from prey to pet
(domesticated)was the wolf about 14,000
years ago
People discovered that young wolf cubs
could be trained
They were used for hunting, guarding and
Evidence exists that some were even pets.
12,000 years ago
 Paleolithic tomb in Northern Israel
 Human was buried with a small dog
 The dead person’s hand had been
arranged so it rested on the animal’s
 What do you think?
As people evolved from nomadic
hunters to settled farmers about 8,000
years ago, animals changed too
 Working dogs were valued
 Cats became accepted as pets
because the ate mice
 Birds of prey were used in hunting
 Small animals became pets starting with
the Pharaohs of Egypt, Chinese
Emperors, Greek and Roman nobility.
In medieval Europe, pet keeping was
popular among the aristocracy and
senior church clergy
 Lap dogs were fashionable with ladies
 Male nobles preferred hunting dogs and
 Dog breeding spread throughout Europe
as different types of hounds were
developed for hunting specific animals
Pet keeping wasn’t generally accepted
until the end of the 17th century
 It wasn’t common with the middle class
until the late 18th century
 One of the first competitive dog shows
took place in Britain in 1859 for the
Pointer and Setter breeds
 Pets were not considered appropriate
for lower class people
Pets now have a number of roles
Taken From:
› Ornamental Status Symbol (Paris Hilton)
› Helpers (Seeing Eye Dogs)
› Companions (Family Pet)
Companionship is the number one
reason for pet ownership.
 Growing awareness of positive effects
the pet to person relationship can have
on human health and well being
Create a timeline of the evolution of pets
 Be sure to include each of the following
time periods
› Prehistoric
› Ancient Civilizations
› Middle Ages
› Victorian Times
› Modern Society
What does the term Domestication
 Describe a symbiotic relationship
between animals and humans.
 Name one time period and the use of
small animals at that time.
Domestication of small animals:
 The Evolution of Pet Ownership:
Social Studies I, A, 2, a;
 Social Studies II, B, 5, a-b;
 Social Studies II, B, 6, b