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PROGRAMME FOR THE 2010
ROUND OF CENSUSES OF
AGRICULTURE
LABOUR DATA IN THE
AGRICULTURAL CENSUS
J A Colwell
1
December 2005
Problems with labour data on the
past
Concepts of employment and unemployment applied to
agriculture are difficult because of informal arrangements for
labour, different methods of remuneration, and identifying what
constitutes economic work in the agricultural environment.
Farm labour requirements are seasonal and therefore one
needs to look at labour use over a whole year.
Agricultural censuses have not been suitable because it has
not been possible to ask in-depth questions.
2
The interpretation of unemployment where no work is
available.
Changes to labour data in the 2010
programme
Ensure that concepts are in line with ILO international
standards.
Don’t include in core module because it is more suitable to an
in-depth sample survey.
3
ILO “activity status” concept
Activity status
–
–
4
Economically active
+ Employed (includes paid employment and selfemployment)
+ Unemployed
Not economically active
Issues:
Whether to measure current activity status or usual activity
status.
Age limits for activity status data.
ILO “status in employment”
concept
Status in employment of main job
–
–
–
–
Employee
Own-account worker
Contributing family worker
Member of producers’ cooperative
Issues:
Refers to the characteristics of a particular job.
Refers to the type of employment contract person has for
his/her job.
5
Other labour items
–
–
–
–
6
Occupation of main job – to be based on standard
occupation classification
Time worked in main job
Time worked on the holding
Number of employees on the holding