Transcript Overview of Current Production Programs Across the
Overview of Current Production Programs Across the Columbia River Basin
Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead Hatchery Production WHO?
Approximately 143 million salmon and steelhead juveniles are produced and released annually from hatcheries in the Columbia Basin (mouth to headwaters).
Upper Columbia McNary upstream Columbia Basin Hatcheries Below Bonneville
Lower Columbia Bonneville to McNary Snake Ice Harbor upstream
Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead production (in millions) by release area
• ~90 million salmon and steelhead are released above Bonneville Dam (BON). • Accessible to Tribal Treaty Fisheries (Zone 6) • U.S. vs. Oregon Management Agreement contains 86 million of these fish – Release location, marking, broodstock, facility
Who Funds Hatchery Production?
• Idaho Power Company • Bureau of Reclamation • Corps of Engineers - John Day Mitigation & Dworshak • Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (BPA) • Mitchell Act • Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery Fund • Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (BPA) • Mid Columbia Public Utility Districts (PUDs) • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service • Portland General Electric • Tacoma Public Utilities • State Funds • Sports Fish Restoration Funds
Salmon and steelhead production (in millions) above Bonneville Dam by funding agency 25 20 15 10 5 LSRCP BPA FWP IPC FWS PUD BOR MA COE PGE PCSRF
Hells Canyon – 1967
blocked passage to 1,600 miles of salmon habitat
The majority of hatchery programs in the Columbia Basin are producing fish to mitigate for the development and operation of the hydrosystem. As long as the dams are in place there is a legal obligation to provide fish.
Example: Lower Snake River Compensation Plan – estimated 48% survival reduction….spring/summer Chinook – mitigation responsibility to produce 293,500 adults: 234,800 - harvest 58,700 - escape to Snake River Juvenile Production – 10 M with and SAR of 0.65%
Survival of Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Release to Return
Causes of Juvenile Fish Mortality
Survival of Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook adults – Columbia River Mouth – Snake River 2.3% 3.5%
Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead production below Bonneville Dam – by primary purpose 53 million salmon and steelhead
Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead production above Bonneville Dam – by primary purpose 90 million salmon and steelhead
• U.S. vs. Oregon Management Agreement contains 86 million of these fish • About 30% (26 million juveniles) of the fish released above BON are produced for supplementation or fishery/supplementation.
• 67% primarily for harvest.
Ad-clip marking of salmon and steelhead (in millions) in U.S. vs. Oregon Agreement
Who funds Supplementation/Fishery Programs above Bonneville Dam?
18% 17% 32% LSRCP MIX Including BPA BPA FWP IPC FWS PUD BOR MA COE PGE PCSRF 19%
ESA Status of salmon and steelhead programs funded or partially funded by BPA FWP Non Listed ESA Listed • • • • • • • ESA listed
Snake River fall Chinook
Hood River steelhead Northeast Oregon Hatchery Grande Ronde spring Chinook Johnson Creek summer Chinook Tucannon spring Chinook Yankee Fork spring Chinook Snake River sockeye 7.2 M 5.9 M 13 M juveniles produced for supplementation with FWP funding • • • • • Non Listed Yakima Klickitat Fisheries Project spring Chinook, fall Chinook, coho Umatilla Hatchery spring Chinook, fall Chinook, coho
Upper Columbia coho
Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery spring Chinook Hood River spring Chinook