Miller – Presentation - Australian Association for Unmanned Systems

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Transcript Miller – Presentation - Australian Association for Unmanned Systems

MQ-4C TRITON

MQ-4C Triton Program Update

AAUS Australia

October 2013

Legacy of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

OQ-2 OQ-19/SD-1 RP-76 RQ-4B Global Hawk USN/USAF BQM-74 BQM-74F X-47A Pegasus Combat Dawn Compass Cope MQ-8B Fire Scout USA/USN RQ-8A Fire Scout BQM-34 Compass Arrow Firebolt RQ-4A Global Hawk BQM-145A M324 AQM-34 SPA RMAX Hunter II MQ-5B Hunter E-Hunter X-47B J-UCAS USN/USAF RQ-5A Hunter

Approved for Public Release: Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems Case 10-0465 Dated 4/22/10 AS-DSEA-13-00257

Navy

MQ-4C Evolution

3

MQ-4C NATO AGS Euro Hawk

(SIGINT)

• Maritime AESA radar • EO-IR turret (MTS-B Variant) • ESM system • AIS and comm relay • Anti-icing and net comms • 5 aircraft • First aircraft delivered • Four aircraft in work

Block xx & Others

• USAF follow-on with open architecture ground station • New payloads • International – FMS

BLOCK 40 BLOCK 30

(MULTI-INT)

• Eleven vehicles • MP-RTIP AESA radar (NGAS with Raytheon and NGES as subs) • Ground/maritime radar surveillance • Twenty one vehicles • Raytheon enhanced ISS (longer range) • NGIS Adv Signals Intel Payload (ASIP)

BLOCK 10 BLOCK 0

26987-11

(ACTD)

BLOCK 20 BAMS-D NASA

• Three BACN • Six USAF aircraft • First of new configuration • EO/IR/Radar Maritime Modes/AIS/ESM • One aircraft – based w/USAF in CENTCOM • Three additional Block 10 in Pax River • Extend maritime ops until BAMS IOC • Two ACTD AVs (jointly managed with NGC) • Environmental Science Campaigns • KQ-X DARPA Air-to-Air Refueling • Two Block 10 + 1 additional ACTD in place

Approved for Public Release, Distribution Unlimited: 88ABW-2010-5663; 66ABW-2010-1279; NGAS 10-1313; NAVAIR 11-1189, 12 August 2011; NGAS 11-0875

MQ-4C Triton UAS Program of Record

“This capability has never been needed more as we rebalance toward the Pacific, BAMS [Triton] will provide an asymmetric advantage to the U.S. Navy. Long range persistent surveillance transforms the nature of warfare at sea.” Admiral Mark Ferguson, VCNO, July 2012

Maritime Patrol & Reconnaissance Force (MPRF) community

 P-8A Poseidon Adjunct  Leverages Pilot, TACCO, and AWO expertise •

Persistent maritime Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) UAS

 Provides a persistent maritime Common Operational Picture – Surface Warfare (SUW) during Major Combat Operations – “Trip Wire” – Intelligence Preparation of the Environment – Homeland Defense / Overseas Contingency Operations DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1190, 15 August 2011

RQ-4A BAMS-Demonstration Program

• Originally a six-month demonstration – Successful capability now used operationally for more than three years • Surpassed 10,000 flight hours in April 2013 • Informing decisions on Triton to provide even greater capability to fleet commanders – Design – Operational CONOPS – Capabilities DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

MQ-4C Triton UAS Integrated Maritime Patrol Concept

Transformational Mixed Force: Effective, Efficient Mission Capability Tailored to the Warfighter’s Requirements

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013 •

Globally Responsive and Persistent Force 24/7 coverage of maritime areas of interest

Multi-Spectrum Intelligence Collection employ an array of sensors to provide the COCOM Maritime Domain Awareness

Fully Networked Platforms – collect and share intelligence data to a wide variety of users

SDD Program Status

• Program has entered flight test phase – Envelope expansion through CY2013 in Palmdale, CA – Complete flight test program at NAS Patuxent River – Conduct Operational Assessment in 4Q FY2014 – Continue System Integration Lab testing of software/hardware in support of flight test program • Milestone C in 2Q FY2015 • Initial Operational Capability in 2017

Focus is on providing effective and affordable capability to the fleet

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

Recent Accomplishments

          

Completed SDD-1 Flights 1 through 7 Completed Software Coding of IFC-2 Initiated SIL Sensor Integration and IFC-2 Testing Completed 25 MFAS radar surrogate flights Navy SIL integrated into the test network Navy FOB integrated with IFC 1.2 in support of Flight 3 MFAS and ESM powered-up in TSC BAMS Demonstration program surpassed 10,000 flight hours Triton Test Hangar completed Breaking ground for Jacksonville Training Facility Australia FMS Planning Case signed

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

Northrop Grumman MQ-4C Triton UAS Industry Team

V-Tail and Secondary Structure Aurora Flight Sciences Bridgeport, WV Communications L3 Communications Salt Lake City, UT Engine Rolls-Royce Indianapolis, IN Fuselage Northrop Grumman Moss Point, MS Due Regard ITT Van Nuys, CA EO/IR Turret Raytheon McKinney, TX Palmdale, CA Wing Triumph Aerostructures Vought Integrated Programs Division Dallas, TX Final Assembly Northrop Grumman AMMS, IMMC Curtiss Wright Santa Clarita, CA Multi-Function Active Sensor Northrop Grumman Baltimore, MD ESM Sierra Nevada Corporation Sparks, NV

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 11-212, 17 February 2011.

UAVC2 Dulles, VA Mission Control System Northrop Grumman Hollywood, MD

9

MQ-4C Triton UAS Improvements

Performance

• • • • • • • • • Aircrew training device embedded in Main Operating Base Mission Control System Forward fuselage strength for sensors Upgrade to 30 KVA Generator New 270 V power convertor IMMC processors refresh AMMS Processor Growth Margin Due Regard 360 ° maritime Radar / EO-IR / ESM / AIS High / Low profile • • • • • Thermo-Mechanical Expulsion Deicing System (TMEDS) Bleed Air Engine Inlet Anti-icing WB KA SATCOM (Wideband Geospatial Satellite) for increased oceanic coverage Wing Strength improvements for gust loads Active fuel system Cg control • • • • Hail & bird strike resistance Lightning protection Fuel Vapor and Fire Sensing Fire containment, resistive materials • • • • Improved radome structural strength & aerodynamics Fixed fairing for EO/IR FADEC SW changes Federated Communications architecture

Availability

• • • • • • More reliable power distribution units Dual ice detectors Improved ECS / LCS Cooling KN-4074 PGE (improved navigation) AMMS Enhanced Cooling Enhanced Prognostic Health Management (pHM) DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

MQ-4C Triton UAS Air Vehicle Configuration

Automatic Identification System (AIS) Advanced Mission Management System (AMMS)  Onboard Server   Data Correlation Payload & Bandwidth Control Graphite Wing AN/ZLQ-1 ESM  360 ° FOR Rolls-Royce AE3007H  23+ Million hrs  8,500 lb Thrust (SL) Graphite Empennage 9” CDL Dish Antenna (Port and Starboard) WB Satcom Metallic Fuselage De-icing Due Regard Radar  Safe Separation Hail and Bird Strike Resistance

MQ-4C Triton UAS Specs

Length 47.6 ft External Provisions Wingspan 130.9 ft Max Takeoff Wt Cruise Speed (KTAS)

11

32,250 lb 330 knots GTOW Rate of Climb (SL) 2,800 fpm AN/DAS-3 EO/IR  360 ° Field of Regard  Auto-Target Tracking AN/ZPY-3 Multi-Function Active Sensor (MFAS) Maritime Radar  360 ° X-Band 2D AESA Radar  Maritime and Air/Ground Modes Operational Ceiling Max Un-refueled Range Endurance 60,000 ft >9,550 nm >24 hr   Hi Res EO/IR at Multiple FOVs Multi-Mode Color Video DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1628, 30 November 2011.

Space, Weight & Power

Internal Payload External Payload Power AC Power DC Pressurized Space Unpressurized Space External Unpressurized Space Backup Battery Power 3,200 lb 2,400 lb 30.0 kVA 400 A 180 cu ft 45 cu ft 132 cu ft 45 min 11

Sensors: Multi-Function Active Sensor (MFAS) Risk Reduction

• 27 surrogate flight tests completed on Gulfstream II • Focused on mode maturation and radar stability • Demonstrated modes: Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), limited Maritime Surface Surveillance (MSS), and Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR) • Demonstrated stable navigation solution • Work ahead includes mode transition maturity DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

Maritime Surface Surveillance 360-Degree Scan

• • • • • Provides persistent broad area surveillance of maritime and littoral environments Provides 360-deg azimuth coverage and variable size sector scan Range is covered using a 2-bar scan approach for improved performance in near and far range Provides the following outputs to AMMS – A STANAG-4607 compliant target report – A clutter map Radar “hits” are sent to the BAMS tracker for scan-to-scan correlation and tracking 13 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1189, 12 August 2011; NGAS 11-0875

Image While Scan (IWS)

Tanker Container DDG Tanker DDG Container

• Image While Scan provides a capability to interleave very short duration ISAR functions (ISAR snapshot and High Range Resolution (HRR)) during MSS scans – Optimizes radar timeline – Provides initial range profile/snapshot to help operator prioritize ISAR classification of targets and re-establish tracks 14 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1189, 12 August 2011; NGAS 11-0875

MFAS ISAR

Cargo Bulk Cargo LPD

• • •

DDG

Supports the classification of objects in the maritime environment (fine image resolution) Provides the following outputs – A STANAG-4607 compliant target report – NITF 2.1 compliant images • Images are taken at selectable rates and resolutions • Still images can be viewed as frames in a video to show target motion Range performance DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1189, 12 August 2011; NGAS 11-0875 15

Strip Synthetic Aperture Radar (Strip-SAR) Mode

• • • Provides images of the ground and stationary targets – Strip SAR continuously images the ground along a fixed line. As the platform moves, a linear set of contiguous images is created Provides the following outputs – A NITF 2.1 compliant image Selectable size and resolution DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1189, 12 August 2011; NGAS 11-0875 16

Spot Synthetic Aperture Radar (Spot-SAR) Mode

• • Provides images of the ground and stationary targets – Spot SAR covers a ground patch in a single beam Provides the following outputs – A NITF 2.1 compliant image – Selectable size and resolution DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1189, 12 August 2011; NGAS 11-0875 17

Force Structure

• Five orbits each consisting of a MOB and a FOB Main Operating Base (MOB): mission control Forward Operating Base (FOB): launch and recovery • Four Unmanned Aircraft • Organized into two squadrons (VUP-19 and VUP-11)

Mission control at CONUS MOBs, Aircraft maintained and launched at FOBs

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1190, 15 August 2011.

Regional ISR Cooperation

19

MQ-4C provides 24/7 Coverage Operations from Five Main Operating Bases MQ-4C Fleet would network with fully interoperable USAF and USN UAVs to deliver a combined ISR fleet

22418-11 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 11-212, 17 February 2011.

AS-DSEA-13-00257

MCS Design

20

*Provisions will be made for 3 rd Instructor Operator Station.

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited, 10-1387, 2 Nov 2010.

Main Operating Base (MOB) Mission Control System (MCS) Design

21 • 6 Operator Stations – 4 main operator stations: Pilot, Mission CDR, 2 Sensor Operators – 2 transit pilot stations (manned only during multiple aircraft OPS) • Interface with MPRF Tactical Operations Center • Fully Integrated Mission Systems Trainer (MST)

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 09-508, 30 April 2009

Future Capabilities

Baseline Airborne Communication s Relay FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21

360 ° Maritime Sensors (Radar / ESM / EO-IR / AIS) Persistent ISR: 24/7 365 Mission Radius: 2000NM Robust Communications Relay Airborne / Battlegroup Networking Level of Interoperability (LOI) 4 Afloat JALN Maritime Domain Solution

Signals Intelligence

Robust Signals Intelligence Capability

Future Capabilities Room for Growth in Current Sensors

Moving Target Indicator / Weather Mode / IFF Interrogation Laser Designation / Range Finding in EO/IR DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

Australia FMS Planning Case

• Foreign Military Sales (FMS) planning case – Assess Triton’s capabilities as a high-altitude, long-endurance UAS for Australia’s maritime patrol and other surveillance requirements • Australian DoD signed the FMS Letter of Agreement on Aug. 1, 2013 – Initial meetings to share technical and cost data to help inform decisions • Data valuable to determine manpower, maintenance, basing and operational costs DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

Triton Hangar at NAS Patuxent River

• Hangar for Test Activities – SDD and DTA aircraft will move to NAS Patuxent River next year • Research, development, test and evaluation facility – 71,000 square feet – Large enough to hold three Triton aircraft – Completed March 2013 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

NAS Jacksonville Training Center

• Triton squadron pre-establishment unit (VUP 19) to stand-up at NAS Jacksonville • Training facility broke ground on June 2012 with scheduled completion in 2014 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

Operational Mission Control Facility at NAS Jacksonville

• •

P-655, Constructs two Triton MCS and Tactical Operations Center Design complete, Contract award May 2013

Completes Nov 2014

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

SDD-1 Rolled Out

27

Distribution Statement A: Approved for Public Release distro unlimited

NGAS 12-0581/NAVAIR 2012-771, 12 June 2012

Summary

• Triton is an adjunct to the P-8A and together will recapitalize MPRF mission capabilities • Triton provides the fleet with a persistent maritime ISR capability – Using 360 ° coverage and advanced sensors, Triton will deliver unprecedented maritime domain awareness • Triton team focused on successful test execution and delivery of capability to the fleet DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

6231-09 1.1- 29 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 10-350, 18 March 2010.